Roman republic
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Roman republic

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Roman republic Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Quick Write 8-19
    • Which Greek philosopher wanted a group of Philosopher Kings to guard his Utopian Society?
    • Which Greek philosopher used a question-answer method to teach?
    • Which Greek philosopher applied reason to science?
  • 2. Roman Republic Influence of Roman Culture
  • 3. Greek Review
    • Greeks had set standards in government and philosophy
    • Greek Philosophers changed people’s minds
    • People should not be ruled by an authoritative figure
    • However, not everyone trusted the public
    • Plato= Philosopher Kings
    • Still the power found its way to the people
    • Separation of powers into three branches
  • 4. Down goes Greece
    • While Greece was in decline, a new civilization was developing, the Romans
    • The early Romans battled with the Greeks…the Romans would emerge the victors
  • 5. Roman Republic
    • Rome began with a series of kings, but would also see them fall
    • The people of Rome wanted rights and a say in the government
    • They set up a new government, a Republic
    • In this type of government, the citizens have the right to elect leaders who make the government decisions
  • 6. Roman Republic
    • This Roman Republic differed from the Greek form of democracy
    • Greeks practiced:
      • Direct Democracy= citizens themselves make decisions, thus DIRECTLY participate in the government
    • Romans practiced
      • Republic= elected officials to make decisions, thus citizens participate INDIRECTLY
  • 7. Roman Government
    • Like the Athenians, Romans had established separate branches of government
    • Romans tried to create a system of laws that could be applied throughout the Roman empire
    • (remember Greeks had city-states, which could have different laws)
    • They would make use of the Greek ideals of logic and reason to create these laws and justice
  • 8. Roman Law
    • Some early important Roman principles:
      • CITIZENS had equal treatment under the law
      • A person was INNOCENT until proven guilty
      • Any law that seemed unreasonable or grossly unfair could be set aside
    • The Romans laws were written and posted for all to follow
  • 9. Legacy of Rome
    • Rome gave the world a Republic
    • Rome adopted the Greek idea that a citizen is a member of the state and not a subject of a ruler
    • Roman laws were written down
    • Roman laws could be applied equally and impartially to its citizens