Nioxon to ford 2011
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Nioxon to ford 2011

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    Nioxon to ford 2011 Nioxon to ford 2011 Presentation Transcript

    • Nixon Ford TO
      • Should a president be able to keep secrets from the American public? Or should there be such thing as “Executive Privilege”?
    •  
      • Had an appeal to middle America
      • One of the key’s to Nixon’s victory was his southern support
      • Nixon, used his “Southern Strategy” to take away votes from his rival Humphrey
    •  
    •  
      • Nixon wanted to dismantle old programs he deemed as having too much federal control
      • Wanted to give more power back to the states and local governments
      • He called his program, New Federalism
      • His argument was to let the agencies that were closest to the citizens be given the opportunity to address their issues
      • Among these changes, Nixon developed the idea of revenue sharing
      • In which, states and local governments are granted access to funds
      • Although, the idea was grant the states more power, it had an opposite affect
      • As states became more dependant on Federal funding,
      • They were forced to accept new government conditions on the funding
      • Despite all of his changes, Nixon was recalled as a president with little domestic interests
      • Nixon was very concern with America’s position on a global scale
      • In a controversial move he selects,
      • Henry Kissinger as his national security advisor
      • Kissinger was a former Harvard professor
      • Kissinger, a Jew, had fled Nazi Germany as a child to the United States
      • Although when he took office, Kissinger was outranked, he would soon assume power
      • He would shape Nixon’s foreign policy
      • Nixon wanted to find a exit to Vietnam and bring an end to bi-polar world of Communism and non-Communism
      • However, Nixon was very much an anti-communist, so he created his approach called, DÉTENTE
      • Which means a relaxation of tensions
      • However, just as Johnson before him, all of his work in the white house would be overshadowed by one event, Watergate Scandal
      • The scandal originated from the Nixon administration's attempts to cover up the involvement in a break in
      • The Watergate Hotel housed the Democratic National Committee headquarters
      • As the election loomed in 1972 Nixon was seeking every advantage he could
      • Even though his ratings were good, he was still unpopular from the Vietnam war
      • Nixon was so consumed with his opponents, he even complied an “enemies list”
      • It was filled with politicians to media, all of who he considered a threat to his presidency
      • Nixon claimed executive privilege- that White House conversations should be private
      • As word got out about the break it was discovered that one of the members involved was not an ex-CIA agent, but was working for reelection group
      • As questions continued, documents were burned, false testimony was provided to investigators
      • While he may not have ordered the break in, Nixon did order the CIA to stop the FBI investigation
    •  
      • His justification was that the investigation could threaten national security
      • The White House claimed it was a 3 rd party break in
      • The strategy worked, most Americans believed Nixon
      • Nixon would even go on to be reelected
      • However, in 1973 the wheels came off and Nixon will be the first president to resign his post as president
      • In 1973, Nixon’s Vice President was forced to resign for taking bribes
      • Gerald Ford is named Vice-President
      • Nixon had taped conversations in the White House
      • Once the committee got a hold of the unedited tapes it was over for Nixon
      • The House voted to impeach Nixon on Presidential misconduct
      • Rather than be impeached, Nixon resigns as president
      • With Nixon’s resignation Ford Will become President
      • Ford will urge America to put Watergate behind them
      • However, the effects of the scandal will last long after Nixon’s resignation
    •  
      • He avoids impeachment, or charging him with presidential misconduct
      • Watergate led to Federal Campaign Amendments, limiting campaign contributions
      • Ethics in Government Act required the financial disclosure of officials
      • Overall the American public was left with a deep distrust
    •  
      • Most Americans considered Ford to be decent and honest
      • Bland, not an exciting or dynamic president
      • Ford pardons Nixon “for the good of the nation”
      • Approval Ratings drop from 71% to 50%
    •  
      • Ford had to inherit the inflation, rising cost of goods from the Nixon era
      • Then a new issue of “stagflation” costs go up and economy goes no where
      • He attempts to revive the economy by keeping taxes low, cut government spending, and balancing a budget
      • Foreign policy, his only major event: signing the Helsinki Accords
      • These were agreements made with the Soviets about Europe
      • With the economy failing, rising inflation and unemployment political turmoil around the world, Americans would turn to a new president in 1976