Labor unions


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Labor unions

  1. 1. <ul><li>A pro to having labor unions is increased wages. So you make more money. </li></ul><ul><li>A con is that it force businesses to look elsewhere for workers and could cause you to loose your job. </li></ul><ul><li>Would you want to be a part of union that could cost you your job, but make you more money? </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>You will be creating a world cloud about the Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>You start with your worksheet </li></ul><ul><li>Come up with 10 POSITIVE terms about the Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Must be EXPLAINED </li></ul><ul><li>Do the same for 10 NEGATIVE terms </li></ul><ul><li>Use one of the sites to create your word cloud </li></ul><ul><li>Must print it out! </li></ul><ul><li>Your world cloud is your list of terms, the worksheet contains your explanations! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Work Place & Labor Unions
  4. 4. <ul><li>Only a few entrepreneurs became rich </li></ul><ul><li>Machines replaced skilled labor </li></ul><ul><li>Work became monotonous </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Highly repetitive tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Little pride in work </li></ul><ul><li>Working conditions were unhealthy and dangerous </li></ul><ul><li>Breathed in lint, dust, and toxic fumes </li></ul><ul><li>Machines lacked safety features </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Workers decided they needed to organize </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a Union </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve working conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better wages </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Problems in organizing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No laws that allowed they to organize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Courts usually ruled against workers who went on strike </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Might be fined or put in jail </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Unions had to work against perception </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People felt unions were against capitalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marxism - worker control over factories and production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Immigrants were bringing in these ideas </li></ul><ul><li>People were suspicious of Unions </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually courts, police, and even the army were used to break up Unions </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>Early Unions only were made of highly skilled workers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Factory owners needed their skills, so they were able to negotiate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Owners of large Corporations were particularly opposed to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial Unions- united all craft workers and common laborers in a particular industry </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. Opposition to Unions <ul><li>Early Unions however rarely succeeded </li></ul><ul><li>Companies used several techniques to prevent Unions from forming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Required workers to sign contracts promising not to join a Union </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hired undercover detectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workers who organized Unions were fired </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Created a list of “ Trouble Makers ” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Black Listed ”= you couldn’t get a job! </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 13. Opposition to Unions <ul><li>If a Union did form: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Companies locked out workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refused to pay them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hire replacement workers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In most cases, Union confrontation with owners and governments, led to violence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Haymarket Square in Chicago </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Railroad Strike of 1877 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pullman Strike of 1894 </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Most early large scale industrial Unions failed </li></ul><ul><li>Trade unions however did find some success </li></ul><ul><li>Created the American Federation of Labor or the AFL </li></ul><ul><li>First AFL leader, Samuel Gompers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Felt Unions should stay out of politics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to negotiate before a strike </li></ul></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>The AFL had 3 goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Convince companies to recognize Unions and agree to collective bargaining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Create Closed Shops , only hire union workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Promote an 8 hour work day </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>By 1900 AFL was the largest Union </li></ul><ul><ul><li>500,000 members </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Only represented 15 % of the workforce </li></ul><ul><li>Only 18 % of working population belonged to a Union </li></ul><ul><li>As the 1900’s began most workers were unrepresented and unions were relatively weak </li></ul>UNION
  15. 17. <ul><li>Types of Jobs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1/3 worked as domestic servants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1/3 worked as teachers, nurses, sales clerks, and secretaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1/3 worked in light industrial jobs that were deemed appropriate, mainly garment and food industries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Women were paid less, assumed they had a man earning higher wages to help </li></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>Created the WTUL Union </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8 hour work day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum wage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abolition of Child Labor </li></ul></ul>