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India imperialism


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  • 1.  Have you ever heard of the phrase:? “Jewel in the Crown.”
  • 2.  Since the 1500’s, Great Britain (England) worked to expand their empire.  The more lands under Britain’s control meant more materials it had and more products it could sell.
  • 3.  Great Britain had lands all over the world. A popular phrase that British people would say was, “The sun never sets on the British Empire.”  But the crown jewel of the empire, the place that brought the most profit and wealth, was India.  With its raw materials and 300 million people to sell to it was not surprising
  • 4.  In the 1600’s, the British East India Company set up trading posts in a few major Indian cities.  By the 1700’s the East India Company basically took over India with its own private army, staffed by Indian soldiers called Sepoys.
  • 5.  In the 1800’s, the British government got more involved in security, government and regulating trade in India.
  • 6.  India provided huge amounts of raw materials that could be sent to Britain.  Britain’s factories could then manufacture goods from it.  India’s 300 million people were also a large market for British goods.
  • 7.  Unfortunately, there were less benefits for the native Indians.  Britain did not allow Indians to manufacture for themselves. They had to buy British goods only.  The British did set up a railroad network, but it only transported British goods. Grown in India Refined in England
  • 8.  In 1857, Sepoys, which were Indian soldiers in the British army, rebelled.  already resented the British for their control and their poor treatment of the natives.  The rebellion broke out over the lubricant on a rifle.
  • 9. The British Rifle.
  • 10.  Rumors spread that the cartridges for the Enfield rifle were lubricated with beef and pork fat.  Soldiers had to bite the seal off of the cartridges before loading.  Hindu Indians were offended because cows are sacred to their faith.  Muslim Indians were offended because pork was considered a pollutant.
  • 11.  Sepoys that refused to use the cartridges were jailed.  The next day, the Sepoys rebelled.  Fighting lasted for over a year. Finally, the East India Company regained control.  After that, the British government was much more involved in controlling India.
  • 12. The Fate of rebellious Indians
  • 13.  The British now felt more disgust with the Indians.  Their racist attitudes dominated Indian social life.
  • 14. “It is the consciousness of the inherent superiority of the European which has won for us India. However well-educated and clever a native may be, and however brave he may prove himself, I believe that no rank we can bestow on him would cause him to be considered an equal of the British officer.” - LORD KITCHENER, British Commander of the army in India
  • 15.  Not until 1947 would India find independence and equality.
  • 16.  China had become an increasingly important member of the global community  Western economic pressure forced China to open to foreign trade and influence  Out of pride in their culture, the Chinese looked down on all foreigners