QW- 8-13-10 How would you define the word: Government?
 
<ul><li>You crashed on a deserted island!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>With no chance of rescue, you need to work together as a cl...
The Story of
The Why… <ul><li>Throughout history people have recognized the need for a system of exercising authority and control for t...
The Why… <ul><li>There have been chieftains, kings, pharaohs, who have often had total control </li></ul><ul><li>Of course...
Geography of Greece <ul><li>Greece is a small country in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Greece is near the Mediterranean Sea. <...
Greek City-States <ul><li>Because Greece is made up of many islands, and has many tall mountains, the Greeks began to buil...
City States of Ancient Greece
Greek City-States <ul><li>Although Greeks within the city-states had similar traditions and trusted the same gods, they of...
Athens <ul><li>Athens was another important Greek city-state. </li></ul><ul><li>The people of Athens wanted to rule themse...
Democracy in Athens <ul><li>Athens was a democracy because all citizens could vote, but only half the people in Athens wer...
Quick Think… <ul><li>What two factors led to early Greeks forming different types of governments? </li></ul><ul><li>Geogra...
Types of Government <ul><li>Government: a system for controlling society </li></ul>
Monarchy <ul><li>State Ruled by a king </li></ul><ul><li>Rule is hereditary </li></ul><ul><li>Some rulers claim divine rig...
Aristocracy <ul><li>State ruled by nobility </li></ul><ul><li>Rule is hereditary and based on family ties, social rank, we...
Oligarchy <ul><li>State ruled by a small group of citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Rule is based on wealth or ability </li></ul>...
Direct Democracy <ul><li>State ruled by its citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Rule is based on citizenship </li></ul><ul><li>Majo...
 
Types of Government Chart
Sparta <ul><li>Sparta was a Greek city-state. </li></ul><ul><li>Sparta was very powerful and had its own army. </li></ul><...
 
 
Sparta’s Classes <ul><li>Only men born in Sparta were citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>Women were not allowed to become citizen...
Sparta warriors <ul><li>Learning to read and write in Sparta was not very important. </li></ul><ul><li>Training to become ...
Athens <ul><li>Athens was another important Greek city-state. </li></ul><ul><li>The people of Athens wanted to rule themse...
Democracy in Athens <ul><li>Athens was a democracy because all citizens could vote, but only half the people in Athens wer...
Pericles <ul><li>Pericles was the leader of creating democracy in Athens. </li></ul><ul><li>He had many buildings construc...
Parthenon and Acropolis
Education in Athens <ul><li>Education was very important in Athens. </li></ul><ul><li>Boys went to school to learn to read...
The Greek Alphabet <ul><li>The Greeks borrowed their alphabet from the Phoenicians. </li></ul><ul><li>Most European langua...
 
Socrates <ul><li>Socrates was a philosopher of Ancient Greece. </li></ul><ul><li>A philosopher is someone who tries to exp...
Plato <ul><li>Plato was a student of Socrates. </li></ul><ul><li>He started a school called The Academy. </li></ul><ul><li...
Aristotle <ul><li>Aristotle was another Greek philosopher and student of Plato. </li></ul><ul><li>He wrote about science, ...
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Greece

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Greece

  1. 1. QW- 8-13-10 How would you define the word: Government?
  2. 3. <ul><li>You crashed on a deserted island!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>With no chance of rescue, you need to work together as a class to build a community. </li></ul><ul><li>In order to survive everyone must be given a role, but first you must create a rulebook for your island. </li></ul><ul><li>You need to name your island </li></ul><ul><li>Decide who will perform the following duties: hunt, explore the island, cook, make shelter, fish, or care for the ill </li></ul><ul><li>How will you determine if someone is breaking the rules </li></ul><ul><li>What, if any will be the punishment for breaking the rules? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there any other rules your island must have? </li></ul><ul><li>How will you make the rules and who will make them? </li></ul>
  3. 4. The Story of
  4. 5. The Why… <ul><li>Throughout history people have recognized the need for a system of exercising authority and control for their society </li></ul><ul><li>Small groups of people often do not need a formal organization </li></ul><ul><li>However the larger the group, the need for formal organization grows </li></ul>
  5. 6. The Why… <ul><li>There have been chieftains, kings, pharaohs, who have often had total control </li></ul><ul><li>Of course over the course of history, large groups of people began to believe they could govern themselves without a powerful ruler </li></ul><ul><li>This idea of self government is going to take us to our first area of study, Athens; were the people begin to create a limited democracy </li></ul>
  6. 7. Geography of Greece <ul><li>Greece is a small country in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Greece is near the Mediterranean Sea. </li></ul><ul><li>The main part of Greece in on a peninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>A peninsula is a body of land surrounded by water on three sides. </li></ul><ul><li>The rest of Greece is made up of islands. </li></ul><ul><li>The shape of Greece will influence its early government </li></ul>
  7. 8. Greek City-States <ul><li>Because Greece is made up of many islands, and has many tall mountains, the Greeks began to build city-states instead of one country. </li></ul><ul><li>A city-state is a city with its own laws, rulers, and money. </li></ul><ul><li>City-states were cities that acted like countries. </li></ul>So what is a City State?
  8. 9. City States of Ancient Greece
  9. 10. Greek City-States <ul><li>Although Greeks within the city-states had similar traditions and trusted the same gods, they often fought with one another. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone was stubborn and believed that their city-state was better than all other city-states. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result, different city states created different governments </li></ul>
  10. 11. Athens <ul><li>Athens was another important Greek city-state. </li></ul><ul><li>The people of Athens wanted to rule themselves and not have a king or queen. </li></ul><ul><li>Athens became the world’s first democracy around 508 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>A democracy is a government in which all citizens can vote and have equal say in what happens. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Democracy in Athens <ul><li>Athens was a democracy because all citizens could vote, but only half the people in Athens were citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>Women, people born outside of Athens, and slaves could not vote. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Quick Think… <ul><li>What two factors led to early Greeks forming different types of governments? </li></ul><ul><li>Geography and </li></ul><ul><li>belief that your city state </li></ul><ul><li>was superior </li></ul>
  13. 14. Types of Government <ul><li>Government: a system for controlling society </li></ul>
  14. 15. Monarchy <ul><li>State Ruled by a king </li></ul><ul><li>Rule is hereditary </li></ul><ul><li>Some rulers claim divine right </li></ul>
  15. 16. Aristocracy <ul><li>State ruled by nobility </li></ul><ul><li>Rule is hereditary and based on family ties, social rank, wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Social status and wealth supports authority </li></ul>
  16. 17. Oligarchy <ul><li>State ruled by a small group of citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Rule is based on wealth or ability </li></ul><ul><li>Ruling group controls military </li></ul>
  17. 18. Direct Democracy <ul><li>State ruled by its citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Rule is based on citizenship </li></ul><ul><li>Majority rule decides votes </li></ul>
  18. 20. Types of Government Chart
  19. 21. Sparta <ul><li>Sparta was a Greek city-state. </li></ul><ul><li>Sparta was very powerful and had its own army. </li></ul><ul><li>Sparta conquered other city-states to gain wealth and power. </li></ul><ul><li>There were three classes of people in Sparta. </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens, non-citizens, and slaves. </li></ul>
  20. 24. Sparta’s Classes <ul><li>Only men born in Sparta were citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>Women were not allowed to become citizens, however, women were allowed to own land and businesses, which gave them more freedom than other Greek city-states. </li></ul><ul><li>The second class in Sparta was people who came from other city-states or other countries. They could own businesses but not become citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>The third class was slaves. </li></ul>
  21. 25. Sparta warriors <ul><li>Learning to read and write in Sparta was not very important. </li></ul><ul><li>Training to become a good soldiers was important. </li></ul><ul><li>Young boys were taken from their parents and trained to be soldiers as well as good in sports such as running. </li></ul><ul><li>Girls were also trained to be good in sports. </li></ul>
  22. 26. Athens <ul><li>Athens was another important Greek city-state. </li></ul><ul><li>The people of Athens wanted to rule themselves and not have a king or queen. </li></ul><ul><li>Athens became the world’s first democracy around 508 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>A democracy is a government in which all citizens can vote and have equal say in what happens. </li></ul>
  23. 27. Democracy in Athens <ul><li>Athens was a democracy because all citizens could vote, but only half the people in Athens were citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>Women, people born outside of Athens, and slaves could not vote. </li></ul>
  24. 28. Pericles <ul><li>Pericles was the leader of creating democracy in Athens. </li></ul><ul><li>He had many buildings constructed. </li></ul><ul><li>Pericles had the Parthenon and the Acropolis built. </li></ul>
  25. 29. Parthenon and Acropolis
  26. 30. Education in Athens <ul><li>Education was very important in Athens. </li></ul><ul><li>Boys went to school to learn to read and write. They also learned many sports. </li></ul><ul><li>Girls were not allowed to go to school or learn to play sports. </li></ul>
  27. 31. The Greek Alphabet <ul><li>The Greeks borrowed their alphabet from the Phoenicians. </li></ul><ul><li>Most European languages, including English borrowed ideas from the Greek alphabet. </li></ul>
  28. 33. Socrates <ul><li>Socrates was a philosopher of Ancient Greece. </li></ul><ul><li>A philosopher is someone who tries to explain the nature of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Socrates taught by by asking questions. This method of questioning is still called the Socratic method. </li></ul>
  29. 34. Plato <ul><li>Plato was a student of Socrates. </li></ul><ul><li>He started a school called The Academy. </li></ul><ul><li>Plato’s writing took the form of a dialogue between teacher and student. </li></ul>
  30. 35. Aristotle <ul><li>Aristotle was another Greek philosopher and student of Plato. </li></ul><ul><li>He wrote about science, art, law, poetry, and government. </li></ul>

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