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  • 1. QW- 8-13-10 How would you define the word: Government?
  • 2.  
  • 3.
    • You crashed on a deserted island!!!!
    • With no chance of rescue, you need to work together as a class to build a community.
    • In order to survive everyone must be given a role, but first you must create a rulebook for your island.
    • You need to name your island
    • Decide who will perform the following duties: hunt, explore the island, cook, make shelter, fish, or care for the ill
    • How will you determine if someone is breaking the rules
    • What, if any will be the punishment for breaking the rules?
    • Are there any other rules your island must have?
    • How will you make the rules and who will make them?
  • 4. The Story of
  • 5. The Why…
    • Throughout history people have recognized the need for a system of exercising authority and control for their society
    • Small groups of people often do not need a formal organization
    • However the larger the group, the need for formal organization grows
  • 6. The Why…
    • There have been chieftains, kings, pharaohs, who have often had total control
    • Of course over the course of history, large groups of people began to believe they could govern themselves without a powerful ruler
    • This idea of self government is going to take us to our first area of study, Athens; were the people begin to create a limited democracy
  • 7. Geography of Greece
    • Greece is a small country in Europe.
    • Greece is near the Mediterranean Sea.
    • The main part of Greece in on a peninsula.
    • A peninsula is a body of land surrounded by water on three sides.
    • The rest of Greece is made up of islands.
    • The shape of Greece will influence its early government
  • 8. Greek City-States
    • Because Greece is made up of many islands, and has many tall mountains, the Greeks began to build city-states instead of one country.
    • A city-state is a city with its own laws, rulers, and money.
    • City-states were cities that acted like countries.
    So what is a City State?
  • 9. City States of Ancient Greece
  • 10. Greek City-States
    • Although Greeks within the city-states had similar traditions and trusted the same gods, they often fought with one another.
    • Everyone was stubborn and believed that their city-state was better than all other city-states.
    • As a result, different city states created different governments
  • 11. Athens
    • Athens was another important Greek city-state.
    • The people of Athens wanted to rule themselves and not have a king or queen.
    • Athens became the world’s first democracy around 508 B.C.
    • A democracy is a government in which all citizens can vote and have equal say in what happens.
  • 12. Democracy in Athens
    • Athens was a democracy because all citizens could vote, but only half the people in Athens were citizens.
    • Women, people born outside of Athens, and slaves could not vote.
  • 13. Quick Think…
    • What two factors led to early Greeks forming different types of governments?
    • Geography and
    • belief that your city state
    • was superior
  • 14. Types of Government
    • Government: a system for controlling society
  • 15. Monarchy
    • State Ruled by a king
    • Rule is hereditary
    • Some rulers claim divine right
  • 16. Aristocracy
    • State ruled by nobility
    • Rule is hereditary and based on family ties, social rank, wealth
    • Social status and wealth supports authority
  • 17. Oligarchy
    • State ruled by a small group of citizens
    • Rule is based on wealth or ability
    • Ruling group controls military
  • 18. Direct Democracy
    • State ruled by its citizens
    • Rule is based on citizenship
    • Majority rule decides votes
  • 19.  
  • 20. Types of Government Chart
  • 21. Sparta
    • Sparta was a Greek city-state.
    • Sparta was very powerful and had its own army.
    • Sparta conquered other city-states to gain wealth and power.
    • There were three classes of people in Sparta.
    • Citizens, non-citizens, and slaves.
  • 22.  
  • 23.  
  • 24. Sparta’s Classes
    • Only men born in Sparta were citizens.
    • Women were not allowed to become citizens, however, women were allowed to own land and businesses, which gave them more freedom than other Greek city-states.
    • The second class in Sparta was people who came from other city-states or other countries. They could own businesses but not become citizens.
    • The third class was slaves.
  • 25. Sparta warriors
    • Learning to read and write in Sparta was not very important.
    • Training to become a good soldiers was important.
    • Young boys were taken from their parents and trained to be soldiers as well as good in sports such as running.
    • Girls were also trained to be good in sports.
  • 26. Athens
    • Athens was another important Greek city-state.
    • The people of Athens wanted to rule themselves and not have a king or queen.
    • Athens became the world’s first democracy around 508 B.C.
    • A democracy is a government in which all citizens can vote and have equal say in what happens.
  • 27. Democracy in Athens
    • Athens was a democracy because all citizens could vote, but only half the people in Athens were citizens.
    • Women, people born outside of Athens, and slaves could not vote.
  • 28. Pericles
    • Pericles was the leader of creating democracy in Athens.
    • He had many buildings constructed.
    • Pericles had the Parthenon and the Acropolis built.
  • 29. Parthenon and Acropolis
  • 30. Education in Athens
    • Education was very important in Athens.
    • Boys went to school to learn to read and write. They also learned many sports.
    • Girls were not allowed to go to school or learn to play sports.
  • 31. The Greek Alphabet
    • The Greeks borrowed their alphabet from the Phoenicians.
    • Most European languages, including English borrowed ideas from the Greek alphabet.
  • 32.  
  • 33. Socrates
    • Socrates was a philosopher of Ancient Greece.
    • A philosopher is someone who tries to explain the nature of life.
    • Socrates taught by by asking questions. This method of questioning is still called the Socratic method.
  • 34. Plato
    • Plato was a student of Socrates.
    • He started a school called The Academy.
    • Plato’s writing took the form of a dialogue between teacher and student.
  • 35. Aristotle
    • Aristotle was another Greek philosopher and student of Plato.
    • He wrote about science, art, law, poetry, and government.