QW 5-12-11 <ul><li>Gas prices are reaching new highs. What do you think people could do to stop this? Is there anything th...
Difficulties in the 70s <ul><li>During the 1970s, the economic prosperity of the 1950s and 1960s began  to disappear.  </l...
Stagflation <ul><li>One of the biggest problems facing Nixon was a weak economy.  </li></ul><ul><li>When inflation and  un...
Stagflation <ul><li>The nation also had trouble finding jobs for millions of baby boomers who reached working </li></ul>
Oil & Gas Shortage <ul><li>In 1973 OPEC announced an  embargo  of petroleum to countries that supported Israel.  </li></ul...
Helsinki Accords <ul><li>Ford continued the foreign policy of Nixon. </li></ul><ul><li>In August 1975, Ford met with leade...
President Ford <ul><li>On September 8, 1974, President Gerald Ford granted a full pardon to Richard Nixon.  </li></ul><ul>...
PRESIDENT CARTER <ul><li>Jimmy Carter </li></ul><ul><li>In the election of 1976, Democratic candidate Jimmy Carter won wit...
Disenchantment with Carter <ul><li>Carter entered office with no clear political philosophy or vision:   Deregulated the a...
President Carter <ul><li>President Carter focused most of his attention on the energy crisis. His efforts  were unsuccessf...
Energy Conservation <ul><li>Carter proposed a national energy program to conserve oil and to promote the use of coal and r...
Human Rights <ul><li>“ Everyone has the right to a peaceful coexistence, the basic personal freedoms, the alleviation of s...
David Accords <ul><li>In 1978 Carter helped get a historic peace treaty, known as the Camp David Accords, signed between I...
SALT II <ul><ul><ul><li>Carter signed a nuclear arms treaty called SALT II with the Soviets.  The treaty was opposed by th...
Cold War Resumes <ul><li>Détente ended when the USSR invaded Afghanistan in 1979  </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. interpreted t...
Conflict in Iran <ul><li>In 1979 Iran’s monarch, the Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, was forced to flee, and an Islamic republ...
American Hostages <ul><li>The religious leader Ayatollah Khomeini distrusted the U. S. Revolutionaries stormed the America...
Hostages Freed  <ul><li>The hostages were freed just  minutes after  Ronald Reagan  was inaugurated president on January 2...
Carter <ul><li>Carter image as being upstanding and moral helped him win election </li></ul><ul><li>Carter would devote mo...
Carter <ul><li>He tried to increasing government spending to end recession </li></ul><ul><li>He then tried reducing taxes ...
Carter <ul><li>His foreign policy was marked by trouble in the Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>When a group of Islamic terro...
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Ford to Carter

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Ford to Carter

  1. 2. QW 5-12-11 <ul><li>Gas prices are reaching new highs. What do you think people could do to stop this? Is there anything that the government can do? </li></ul>
  2. 3. Difficulties in the 70s <ul><li>During the 1970s, the economic prosperity of the 1950s and 1960s began to disappear. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic troubles began under Johnson. deficit spending to fund the Vietnam War and the Great Society program without raising taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>created inflation- increase in prices, devalue of the dollar </li></ul>
  3. 4. Stagflation <ul><li>One of the biggest problems facing Nixon was a weak economy. </li></ul><ul><li>When inflation and unemployment increased in the 70s this was know as… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>During 1967 & 1973, inflation & unemployment increased. This is known as STAGFLATION . Stagflation had several causes. Unemployment increased because trade competition increased. This made it harder for Americans to sell their goods overseas </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Stagflation <ul><li>The nation also had trouble finding jobs for millions of baby boomers who reached working </li></ul>
  5. 6. Oil & Gas Shortage <ul><li>In 1973 OPEC announced an embargo of petroleum to countries that supported Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>The price of a barrel of crude oil increased from $3 in 1973 to $30 in 1980. </li></ul><ul><li>2009 it was over $100 per barrel </li></ul><ul><li>After OPEC raised its prices, the price controls created an oil shortage. </li></ul><ul><li>Some states implemented gas rationing. Only people with an odd-numbered license plate could purchase gas on an odd-numbered day </li></ul>
  6. 7. Helsinki Accords <ul><li>Ford continued the foreign policy of Nixon. </li></ul><ul><li>In August 1975, Ford met with leaders of NATO and the Warsaw Pact to sign the Helsinki Accords. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>parties recognized the borders of Eastern Europe established at the end of World War II. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Soviets promised to uphold certain basic human rights but later went back on this promise </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. President Ford <ul><li>On September 8, 1974, President Gerald Ford granted a full pardon to Richard Nixon. </li></ul><ul><li>Ford’s approval rating plunged from 71 percent to 50 percent. </li></ul><ul><li>Helsinki Accords Ford continued the foreign policy of Nixon. </li></ul><ul><li>In August 1975, Ford met with leaders of NATO and the Warsaw Pact to sign the Helsinki Accords. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>parties recognized the borders of Eastern Europe established at the end of World War II. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Soviets promised to uphold certain basic human rights but later went back on this promise </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. PRESIDENT CARTER <ul><li>Jimmy Carter </li></ul><ul><li>In the election of 1976, Democratic candidate Jimmy Carter won with 50.1 percent of the popular vote. </li></ul><ul><li>Carter was seen as a person of high morals and an upstanding personality. </li></ul><ul><li>Disenchantment with Carter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carter entered office with no clear political philosophy or vision: Deregulated the airline industry which lowered prices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But…his attempts to reform welfare & Social Security failed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He had no remedy for soaring inflation, interest rates, & bank failures that hurt the economy </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Disenchantment with Carter <ul><li>Carter entered office with no clear political philosophy or vision: Deregulated the airline industry which lowered prices </li></ul><ul><li>But…his attempts to reform welfare & Social Security failed </li></ul><ul><li>He had no remedy for soaring inflation, interest rates, & bank failures that hurt the economy </li></ul>
  10. 11. President Carter <ul><li>President Carter focused most of his attention on the energy crisis. His efforts were unsuccessful. </li></ul><ul><li>Used “Fireside Chats” to communicate with people </li></ul>
  11. 12. Energy Conservation <ul><li>Carter proposed a national energy program to conserve oil and to promote the use of coal and renewable energy sources. </li></ul><ul><li>He asked Americans to reduce energy consumption, which most Americans ignored. </li></ul><ul><li>What historic peace treaty between Israel & Egypt was initiated by Carter? </li></ul>
  12. 13. Human Rights <ul><li>“ Everyone has the right to a peaceful coexistence, the basic personal freedoms, the alleviation of suffering, and the opportunity to lead a productive life”-Jimmy Carter </li></ul><ul><li>Expand the personal freedom of the US to other parts of the world </li></ul><ul><li>Panama Canal-return the area to Panama completely in 1999 </li></ul>
  13. 14. David Accords <ul><li>In 1978 Carter helped get a historic peace treaty, known as the Camp David Accords, signed between Israel and Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>Most Arab nations in the region opposed the treaty, but it marked the first step toward peace in the Middle East. </li></ul>
  14. 15. SALT II <ul><ul><ul><li>Carter signed a nuclear arms treaty called SALT II with the Soviets. The treaty was opposed by the Senate. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>But when the Soviets invaded Afghanistan, Carter refused to fight for the treaty. It was never ratified. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Cold War Resumes <ul><li>Détente ended when the USSR invaded Afghanistan in 1979 </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. interpreted the attack as a move to take the Middle East & responded with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic embargo of the USSR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boycott of the Moscow Olympics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aid to the Afghani resistance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When were the hostages finally freed? </li></ul><ul><li>Carter hoped to limit nuclear arms & advance human rights, but found himself in a heightened Cold War </li></ul>
  16. 17. Conflict in Iran <ul><li>In 1979 Iran’s monarch, the Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, was forced to flee, and an Islamic republic was declared. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Shah was supported by the United States. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. American Hostages <ul><li>The religious leader Ayatollah Khomeini distrusted the U. S. Revolutionaries stormed the American embassy in Tehran and held 52 Americans hostage. </li></ul><ul><li>The hostages would not be released until Carter’s last day in office, some 444 days in captivity. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Hostages Freed <ul><li>The hostages were freed just minutes after Ronald Reagan was inaugurated president on January 20, 1981! </li></ul>
  19. 20. Carter <ul><li>Carter image as being upstanding and moral helped him win election </li></ul><ul><li>Carter would devote most of his agenda to fixing the economy </li></ul>
  20. 21. Carter <ul><li>He tried to increasing government spending to end recession </li></ul><ul><li>He then tried reducing taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Then reducing money supply and raising interest rates </li></ul><ul><li>Created the Department of Energy to reduce energy consumption… </li></ul><ul><li>None of this fixed the economy </li></ul>
  21. 22. Carter <ul><li>His foreign policy was marked by trouble in the Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>When a group of Islamic terrorist took 52 Americans hostage and Carter failed to gain their release it would forever mark his foreign policy and cost him reelection </li></ul>
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