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Ford to Carter
 

Ford to Carter

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    Ford to Carter Ford to Carter Presentation Transcript

    •  
    • QW 5-12-11
      • Gas prices are reaching new highs. What do you think people could do to stop this? Is there anything that the government can do?
    • Difficulties in the 70s
      • During the 1970s, the economic prosperity of the 1950s and 1960s began to disappear.
      • Economic troubles began under Johnson. deficit spending to fund the Vietnam War and the Great Society program without raising taxes.
      • created inflation- increase in prices, devalue of the dollar
    • Stagflation
      • One of the biggest problems facing Nixon was a weak economy.
      • When inflation and unemployment increased in the 70s this was know as…
        • During 1967 & 1973, inflation & unemployment increased. This is known as STAGFLATION . Stagflation had several causes. Unemployment increased because trade competition increased. This made it harder for Americans to sell their goods overseas
    • Stagflation
      • The nation also had trouble finding jobs for millions of baby boomers who reached working
    • Oil & Gas Shortage
      • In 1973 OPEC announced an embargo of petroleum to countries that supported Israel.
      • The price of a barrel of crude oil increased from $3 in 1973 to $30 in 1980.
      • 2009 it was over $100 per barrel
      • After OPEC raised its prices, the price controls created an oil shortage.
      • Some states implemented gas rationing. Only people with an odd-numbered license plate could purchase gas on an odd-numbered day
    • Helsinki Accords
      • Ford continued the foreign policy of Nixon.
      • In August 1975, Ford met with leaders of NATO and the Warsaw Pact to sign the Helsinki Accords.
        • parties recognized the borders of Eastern Europe established at the end of World War II.
        • The Soviets promised to uphold certain basic human rights but later went back on this promise
    • President Ford
      • On September 8, 1974, President Gerald Ford granted a full pardon to Richard Nixon.
      • Ford’s approval rating plunged from 71 percent to 50 percent.
      • Helsinki Accords Ford continued the foreign policy of Nixon.
      • In August 1975, Ford met with leaders of NATO and the Warsaw Pact to sign the Helsinki Accords.
        • parties recognized the borders of Eastern Europe established at the end of World War II.
        • The Soviets promised to uphold certain basic human rights but later went back on this promise
    • PRESIDENT CARTER
      • Jimmy Carter
      • In the election of 1976, Democratic candidate Jimmy Carter won with 50.1 percent of the popular vote.
      • Carter was seen as a person of high morals and an upstanding personality.
      • Disenchantment with Carter
        • Carter entered office with no clear political philosophy or vision: Deregulated the airline industry which lowered prices
        • But…his attempts to reform welfare & Social Security failed
        • He had no remedy for soaring inflation, interest rates, & bank failures that hurt the economy
    • Disenchantment with Carter
      • Carter entered office with no clear political philosophy or vision: Deregulated the airline industry which lowered prices
      • But…his attempts to reform welfare & Social Security failed
      • He had no remedy for soaring inflation, interest rates, & bank failures that hurt the economy
    • President Carter
      • President Carter focused most of his attention on the energy crisis. His efforts were unsuccessful.
      • Used “Fireside Chats” to communicate with people
    • Energy Conservation
      • Carter proposed a national energy program to conserve oil and to promote the use of coal and renewable energy sources.
      • He asked Americans to reduce energy consumption, which most Americans ignored.
      • What historic peace treaty between Israel & Egypt was initiated by Carter?
    • Human Rights
      • “ Everyone has the right to a peaceful coexistence, the basic personal freedoms, the alleviation of suffering, and the opportunity to lead a productive life”-Jimmy Carter
      • Expand the personal freedom of the US to other parts of the world
      • Panama Canal-return the area to Panama completely in 1999
    • David Accords
      • In 1978 Carter helped get a historic peace treaty, known as the Camp David Accords, signed between Israel and Egypt.
      • Most Arab nations in the region opposed the treaty, but it marked the first step toward peace in the Middle East.
    • SALT II
          • Carter signed a nuclear arms treaty called SALT II with the Soviets. The treaty was opposed by the Senate.
          • But when the Soviets invaded Afghanistan, Carter refused to fight for the treaty. It was never ratified.
    • Cold War Resumes
      • Détente ended when the USSR invaded Afghanistan in 1979
      • The U.S. interpreted the attack as a move to take the Middle East & responded with:
        • Economic embargo of the USSR
        • Boycott of the Moscow Olympics
        • Aid to the Afghani resistance
      • When were the hostages finally freed?
      • Carter hoped to limit nuclear arms & advance human rights, but found himself in a heightened Cold War
    • Conflict in Iran
      • In 1979 Iran’s monarch, the Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, was forced to flee, and an Islamic republic was declared.
        • The Shah was supported by the United States.
    • American Hostages
      • The religious leader Ayatollah Khomeini distrusted the U. S. Revolutionaries stormed the American embassy in Tehran and held 52 Americans hostage.
      • The hostages would not be released until Carter’s last day in office, some 444 days in captivity.
    • Hostages Freed
      • The hostages were freed just minutes after Ronald Reagan was inaugurated president on January 20, 1981!
    • Carter
      • Carter image as being upstanding and moral helped him win election
      • Carter would devote most of his agenda to fixing the economy
    • Carter
      • He tried to increasing government spending to end recession
      • He then tried reducing taxes
      • Then reducing money supply and raising interest rates
      • Created the Department of Energy to reduce energy consumption…
      • None of this fixed the economy
    • Carter
      • His foreign policy was marked by trouble in the Middle East
      • When a group of Islamic terrorist took 52 Americans hostage and Carter failed to gain their release it would forever mark his foreign policy and cost him reelection