Conservativism and reagan


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Conservativism and reagan

  1. 1. <ul><li>Political Test: Do you know if you are a “conservative” or a “liberal”? </li></ul><ul><li>Take a guess at which you are and write that in your QW and explain 2 details about yourself that you feel make you one or the other. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of you might not know, just guess at it. You’ll find out the meanings later today if you didn’t know. </li></ul>
  3. 3. America was Changing <ul><li>As America reached the 1980’s, people’s ideals began to shift </li></ul><ul><li>America was becoming a more conservative nation </li></ul><ul><li>The new conservative group and the liberals will begin to clash on the roll of government </li></ul>
  4. 4. Domination of Liberation <ul><li>Liberals had dominated American society for most of the 1900’s </li></ul><ul><li>A person might consider themselves liberal for a number of reasons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A belief that the government should regulate the economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should play an active role in helping the disadvantaged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax burdens should be placed on the wealthy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suspicious of the government on regulation of social behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Big on free speech and privacy </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. New Conservatives <ul><li>Feel if the government regulates the economy, it makes the economy less efficient </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Which results in less wealth and more poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Believe in free enterprise and very little government interference </li></ul>
  6. 7. New Conservatives <ul><li>Unlike liberals, generally have a fundamental distrust of the growing power of government </li></ul><ul><li>Believe in the original intent and wording of the Constitution </li></ul>
  7. 9. New Conservatives <ul><li>For these reasons conservatives oppose high taxes and government programs that transfer wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Feel that taxes and government programs can take away the hard work and fortune of Americans </li></ul>
  8. 10. New Conservatives <ul><li>Many conservatives believe that religious faith is very important </li></ul><ul><li>Feel that most social issues are from one’s morality and character </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Which can be guided properly by a devotion to religion </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. The Geography <ul><li>Geographical regions tend to support either liberal or conservative ideas </li></ul><ul><li>One of the early problems to the rise of conservatives was that they tended split their votes </li></ul><ul><li>As the late 50’s and early 60’s rolled around there was a shift in the conservative population to the South and West </li></ul><ul><li>This would become known as the, Sun Belt </li></ul>
  10. 12. The Sun Belt
  11. 13. Conservatism and Religion <ul><li>Conservatism also tended to draw people who felt that American society had lost its traditional values </li></ul><ul><li>American’s with deep religious values were shocked by the Counter Culture and Hippie movement of the 1970’s </li></ul>
  12. 14. Conservatism and Religion <ul><li>The Feminist Movement seemed to go against them as well </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Felt it challenged the traditional family </li></ul></ul>
  13. 15. Conservatism and Religion <ul><li>Religious revivals began to gain popularity with the likes of people such as Billy Graham </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas of “born again” Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>They began to run their own newspapers, magazines, radio stations and television networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earned the nickname “televangelists” </li></ul></ul>
  14. 18. A new Coalition <ul><li>By the end of the 1970’s, the new conservation coalition of voters was coming together </li></ul><ul><li>Although they still carried with them some differing believes they all believed in one thing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>America had lost its way </li></ul></ul>
  15. 19. A new Coalition <ul><li>Watergate, high taxes, and special interest politics had weakened the faith in the government </li></ul><ul><li>Rising unemployment, riots, drug abuse, the hostage crisis in Iran </li></ul><ul><li>They argued that America was tired of upheaval and change </li></ul>
  16. 20. A new Coalition <ul><li>They argued that America was tired of upheaval and change </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted stability and a return to what they remember they considered better times </li></ul><ul><li>Ronald Reagan would seem to offer some that opportunity </li></ul>
  17. 21. Ronald Reagan <ul><li>Reagan believed that government policies were responsible for the countries social and economic problems </li></ul><ul><li>He would use his experience as a Hollywood actor and governor of California to lead a successful campaign to the presidency </li></ul><ul><li>His ideas of supporting high interest rates and tax cuts become known as Reaganomics </li></ul>
  18. 22. Two actors...two CA govenors
  19. 23. Election of 1980 <ul><li>Reagan’s campaign appealed to Americans who were frustrated with the economy and worried that the US had become weak internationally </li></ul>
  20. 24. Election of 1980 <ul><li>Reagan promised </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax cuts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase spending </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(think about this, essentially he was saying,) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I want to earn less money, but spend more!” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This will lead the US to debt later </li></ul></ul>
  21. 25. Election of 1980 <ul><li>In addition, Reagan called for a ban on abortion </li></ul><ul><li>During one debate he would ask Carter supporters </li></ul><ul><li>“ Are you better off than you were four years ago? </li></ul><ul><li>The answer was …no </li></ul><ul><li>With the support of the new conservatives, Reagan would win the election </li></ul>
  22. 27. Reagan’s Domestic Policies <ul><li>Believing that government was the problem, Reagan cut services </li></ul><ul><li>Felt Americans should not look to Washington for answers </li></ul><ul><li>His first goal was to fix the economy and its stagflation </li></ul>
  23. 28. <ul><li>assassination attempt occurred on March 30, 1981, just 69 days into the presidency of Ronald Reagan. </li></ul><ul><li>While leaving a speaking engagement at the Washington Hilton Hotel in Washington, D.C., President Reagan and three others were shot and wounded by John Hinckley, Jr. </li></ul><ul><li>Reagan suffered a punctured lung, but prompt medical attention allowed him to recover quickly despite his age. </li></ul><ul><li>Reagan was the first serving United States president to survive being shot in an assassination attempt </li></ul>
  24. 30. Reaganomics <ul><li>Reagan would combine two ideas to create his own solution </li></ul><ul><li>“ Monetarism” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Argues that was too much money in circulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>So you increase interest rates to limit people’s desire to borrow </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Supply-side economics” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Argued the economy was too weak because taxes were too high </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Combining the two and you get Reaganomics </li></ul>
  25. 31. Reaganomics <ul><li>“ Trickle-down economics” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The idea was simple, help the wealthy Americans and corperations and then they will help the less fortunate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meaning, start with the top and because they are doing so well, they will be struck with the desire to pass the wealth to less fortunate </li></ul>
  26. 32. Cutting it all Up <ul><li>Cutting the tax rate mean that the government would receive less money </li></ul><ul><li>This would create a budget deficit, so to offset it, Reagan cut social programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Welfare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food Stamps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School Lunch Programs </li></ul></ul>
  27. 33. Economy Finally Booms <ul><li>By 1983 the economy is booming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployment had fallen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Production was up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wages were increasing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It looked like Reagan had done it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He would be elected to a second term </li></ul></ul>
  28. 34. Reagan’s Second Term <ul><li>During his second term Reagan would see the largest military build up during a time of peace in American history </li></ul><ul><li>Reagan was rejecting the ideas of BOTH containment and détente </li></ul><ul><li>In his view he didn’t want to negotiate or try to contain communism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He wanted to destroy it </li></ul></ul>
  29. 35. Peace Through Strength <ul><li>Reagan spent nearly $1.5 trillion dollars over 5 years in military build up </li></ul><ul><li>Meanwhile Reagan is continuing to drive up the national deficient </li></ul>
  30. 36. Peace Through Strength <ul><li>However, he was providing jobs with his spending </li></ul><ul><li>Again Reagan hoped to offset his spending by eliminating more government programs </li></ul><ul><li>Also he was banking on the boom in the economy to bring in more tax revenue </li></ul>
  31. 37. Iran-Contra Scandal <ul><li>As it turned out Reagan would have his own scandal </li></ul><ul><li>American weapons were being sold to rebels in Iran in exchange for American hostages </li></ul><ul><li>Reagan said he never knew this illegal arms sale was happening </li></ul><ul><li>Even though he claimed he did no wrong it would taint his second term </li></ul>
  32. 38. Star Wars <ul><li>Regan also invested in a new defensive program called the Strategic Defense Initiative, or SDI </li></ul><ul><li>The plan was nickname the “Star Wars” defense for its supposed ability to shoot down incoming missiles with lasers from satellites. </li></ul>
  33. 40. Reagan loved some movies...maybe too much.
  34. 41. Tear Down This Wall <ul><li>Reagan’s biggest credit is often for his work towards the end of the Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>He would work with new Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to end the division </li></ul><ul><li>Asked for the biggest symbol of that division to be destroyed </li></ul>
  35. 45. Tear Down This Wall <ul><li>“ Mr. Gorbachev…tear down this wall!” </li></ul><ul><li>The Berlin Wall, would fall </li></ul><ul><li>Often considered one of Regan’s biggest successes </li></ul>