Colonial economy
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Colonial economy

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13 Colonies Economy

13 Colonies Economy

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    Colonial economy Colonial economy Presentation Transcript

    • Introduction to notes
      • You do not need to copy pictures
      • You need to add questions and complete the summary for your notes for full credit
      • BOLD words are usually vocabulary words to pay attention to.
      Your notes are set up as fill-in the blank notes. This gives you more time listen and less writing. So to complete the notes you need to write down the underlined words. ? ? ?
    • Quick Write 8-16-10
      • When starting a new colony, lets say oh the United States , what do you think as a group should be your first priority once your group arrives? Why?
    • Colonial America A look at the Thirteen Colonies
    • So what is a Colony?
      • A colony is a piece of land which is ruled by another country . 
      • Most of the time colonies are a long way away from the country that rules them.
    • So how do we get a Colony? England 13 Colonies
    • The 13 Colonies in 1750
    • England’s American Colonies
      • There were 3 types of Colonies!
      • Corporate Colonies- Colonies run by joint-stock companies.
      • Royal Colonies- Colonies under the direct authority of the king
      • Proprietary Colonies- Colonies run by individuals with authority from the king.
    • Reasons for Leaving England
      • Population increase and depressed economy left many citizens unemployed and without property.
      • Many English citizens were seeking religious freedom
      • The New World was believed to be a place where one could practice their faith and achieve economic success.
    • Jamestown 1607 “The First Colony”
      • The Virginia Company was granted a charter by King James I
      • Primary Objective- Trade
      • Problems- poor leadership , too many colonists were following their own agendas, The Jamestown settlement was located in a swampy area
      • Cash Crop- Tobacco, labor intensive. Many laborers were needed.
    • Plymouth 1620
      • Founded by the Separatists, Puritans
      • Seeking Religious freedom
      • Strong leadership- Miles Standish and William Bradford
      • Mayflower Compact
      • Fish, Timber and furs drove the economy, early on they stressed living in community
    • England’s American Colonies
      • There were 3 groups of Colonies too!
      • New England
      • Colonies
      • Middle Colonies
      • Southern Colonies
    • New England Colonies
      • Connecticut
      • Massachusetts
      • New Hampshire
      • Rhode Island
    • Middle Colonies
      • Delaware
      • New Jersey
      • New York
      • Pennsylvania
    • Southern Colonies
      • Georgia
      • Maryland
      • North Carolina
      • South Carolina
      • Virginia
    • Atlantic Slave Trade
    • Capture
      • The original capture of slaves was almost always violent
      • As European demand grew, African chieftains organized raiding parties to seize individuals from neighboring societies
      • Others launched wars specifically for the purpose of capturing slaves
    • Iron, Metal goods Slaves and Gold Sugar and Molasses
    • Middle Passage
      • Following capture , slaves were force- marched to holding pens before being loaded on ships
      • The trans- Atlantic journey was called the “ Middle Passage ”
      • The ships were filthy, hot, and crowded
    • Middle Passage
      • Crews attempted to keep as many slaves alive as possible to maximize profits , but treatment was extremely cruel
        • Some slaves refused to eat and crew members used tools to pry open their mouths and force-feed them
        • Sick slaves were cast overboard to prevent infection from spreading
    • Middle Passage
      • During the early days of the slave trade, mortality rates were as high as 50%
      • As the volume of trade increased and conditions improved ( bigger ships, more water , better nourishment and facilities), mortality eventually declined to about 5%
    • Middle Passage
      • Most ships provided slaves with enough room to sit upright, but not enough to stand
      • Others forced slaves to lie in chains with barely 20 inches space between them
    • The Southern Economy
      • Large Plantations
      • Agriculture
      • Raw materials
      • Cash Crops- crops grown mainly to be sold for a profit
      • Tobacco , rice , and indigo
    • The Southern Economy
      • Plantations required a good amount of work
      • By the 1700’s enslaved Africans were the main work force
      • Slave Codes- laws to control the slaves
    • The New England Colonies
      • Had harsh environment , rocky soil
      • Crops were hard to grow
      • No big plantations , no need for many slaves
      • Used own labor
    • The New England Colonies
      • Fishing
      • Timber
      • Shipbuilding
      • Ship ports became the center of the economy
      • Trade of goods
    • The Middle Colonies
      • Is a mix of commerce and agriculture
      • Good land for farming
      • Long growing season
      • Grew staple crops- crops that are always in demand
      • Wheat, barley, and oats
      • Also raise live stock
    • The Middles Colonies
      • Made use of Slavery
      • Indentured Servants- people contracted to work for set amount of time, then free
      • Good shipping ports
      • New York and Boston