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  • 1.
    • If you were captain of a team and had to choose between your friend or a better player, which would you choose? Why?
  • 2.
    • Fundamentalism – movement based on literal interpretation of Bible
    • Fundamentalists skeptical of some scientific discoveries & theories
    • - Rejected theory of evolution
    • Believed all important knowledge could be found in Bible
  • 3.
    • In 1925 Tennessee passed the Butler Act, which made it illegal to teach anything that denied creationism and taught evolution instead.
    • John T. Scopes, a biology teacher, volunteered to test the Butler Act by teaching evolution in his class.
    • After being arrested and put on trial, Scopes was found guilty, but the case was later overturned.
    • After the trial, many fundamentalists withdrew from political activism.
  • 4. 1920s Politics Warren G Harding Calvin Coolidge
  • 5. WOW! I didn’t really think I was going to win the election. Here goes nothing.
  • 6.
    • In 1920, President Harding’s election was assisted by 8 million new voters due to the 19 th Amendment: women.
    • Harding thought he lacked the intellectual qualifications for the job of president.
    • People liked his charm and laid back manner. He ran on a campaign slogan of a return to normalcy .
    the White House A Self Doubter in
  • 7.
    • Harding appointed his unqualified friends to important government positions.
    • Harding felt more comfortable with his old poker buddies, known as the Ohio Gang , than he did around serious, qualified people.
    • Members in the Ohio Gang committed various scandals, usually involving government bribes.
    The Ohio Gang
  • 8.
    • One of the Harding Administrations accomplishments was the Kellogg-Briand Pact- a treaty that outlawed war.
      • US Secretary of State Frank Kellogg and French Foreign Prime Minister Aristide Briand proposed the treaty
    • 62 other nations ratified it.
    • The treaty had no binding force, but was hailed as a victory.
    Kellogg- Briand Pact
  • 9.
    • Harding’s Secretary of the Interior, Albert B. Fall , secretly (and illegally) leased out Navy oil land in Teapot Dome, Wyoming
    • He made more than$300,000 in bribes.
    • Senate investigated; known as Teapot Dome Scandal ; Secretary Fall is first cabinet member to go to jail.
    • Scandals outraged the Americans; ready to see Harding go.
    The Teapot Dome Scandal
  • 10. Checking for Understanding What was the main goal of the immigration acts set forth by President Warren Harding in 1921? used quotas to limit immigration mostly from Southern and Eastern Europe
  • 11. Checking for Understanding What part of the world did we not enforce quotas on? Latin America
  • 12. Checking for Understanding What pledge was signed by 64 other nation to renounce war as a tool of national policy? Kellogg Briand Pact
  • 13. Checking for Understanding The Teapot Dome scandal centered around Navy owned Oil rich lands
  • 14. Calvin Coolidge Administration
  • 15.
    • “ Silent Cal” Takes Over
    • Coolidge was very different from Harding.
    • His philosophy was simple: the people’s prosperity rested on business
    • He said government should interfere with business as little as possible (laissez-faire)
    • These policies did help the businesses, but set the stage for the Great Depression.
    Government should be hands off. The Coolidge Administration
  • 16.
    • Changing Market Conditions
    • Most of America was getting rich; farmers were earning less than 30% as much money as average workers.
    • Technological advances meant growing more crops, but more crops meant lower prices.
    • Before the war, Europe was buying all their crops. After the war, Europe was broke.
    • President Coolidge twice vetoed bills that would assist farmers from their “quiet depression.”
    The Farm Crisis Returns
  • 17.
    • 1920 : richest people paid = 73%, most people paid= 4% of income.
    • 1928 : richest people paid = 25%, most people paid = 0.4%
    • These ideas set the stage for the stock market crash and Great Depression.
  • 18.  
  • 19. Checking for Understanding How did Presidents Warren Harding and Calvin Coolidge stimulate business? Reduced role of government (Laissez Faire)
  • 20. Checking for Understanding The 1920s were prosperous for most Americans except for what group? Farmers