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This interactive learning module will introduce undergraduate college health students to the Stages of Change Theory/Transtheoretical Model.

This interactive learning module will introduce undergraduate college health students to the Stages of Change Theory/Transtheoretical Model.

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Nam Final Project Module Presentation Transcript

  • 1. STAGES OF CHANGE THEORYOTHERWISE KNOWN AS THETRANSTHEORETICAL MODELbyKelli Nam
  • 2. Overview• The target audience of this module is undergraduate college students in a health promotion and disease prevention class• The importance of theory in health promotion• The purpose of the Stages of Change Theory• Stages of Change Theory constructs• Readiness for change with addictions• A readiness for change addiction example• A readiness for change health behavior example• Theory limitations• A theory limitation example• The relapse stage is now accounted for
  • 3. Theory in Health PromotionIn the field of health education and health promotion,theory allows for:• Best practices• Providing a framework for the development of health programs• Shaping the direction for program goals• Guiding the evaluation of health conditions and behaviors• Enhancing the predictability and applicability of health promotion practices and campaigns
  • 4. Stages of Change Theory: Purpose• The Stages-of-Change perspective recognizes that people are at different stages of readiness when it comes to giving up addictions or making other health behavior changes• Individuals at different stages may be receptive to different types of health intervention messages• A different health advocacy strategy is needed for someone who has no intention of changing his or her behavior compared to someone with a positive intention to change his or her behavior
  • 5. Stages of Change Theory: Constructs Precontemplation Contemplation Preparation Action Maintenance
  • 6. Stages of Change Theory Constructs Stop Here to Take the: Constructs Quiz
  • 7. Stages of Change Theory: Precontemplation Precontemplation No interest in changing No recognition of a risk Their intention to change is lacking
  • 8. Stages of Change Theory: Contemplation Contemplation Formed an intention to change Immediate or long term plans to act Thoughts about changing
  • 9. Stages of Change Theory: Preparation Preparation Detailed plans for change An intention to change Set a date to start the change
  • 10. Stages of Change Theory: Action Action Adopts new habits Consistently performs new behaviors Acts on their plans
  • 11. Stages of Change Theory: Maintenance Maintenance Ongoing practice of new behavior
  • 12. Stages of Change Theory: Maintenance Maintenance
  • 13. Stages of Change Theory: Examples• In health promotion and health risk prevention, this theory can be used to gauge one’s readiness for change, particularly with addictions • Smoking • Alcohol Abuse • Substance Abuse • Overeating
  • 14. Readiness for Change: SmokingSmoking ExampleReference: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OAUmTw9YXYk
  • 15. Readiness for Change: Addiction Example Stop Here to Take the: Addiction Example Quiz
  • 16. Readiness for Change: Behavior Example• In health promotion and health risk prevention, this theory can be used to assess one’s intention for behavior change • Eating healthier • Exercising • Getting a health screening
  • 17. Stages of Change Theory: Limitations• Individuals can move between any of the stages multiple times. (For example, an individual can move between contemplation and preparation multiple times before Precontemplat ion moving on to taking action) Maintenance Contemplation Action Preparation• An individual does not have to progress through the stages in a linear order, as the original visual of the model suggests Precontemplation Contemplation Preparation Action Maintenance• In the original model, relapse is not listed as a stage, though in real life, relapse is a possibility for individuals
  • 18. Stages of Change Theory: Relapse Included Precontemplation Relapse Contemplation Maintenance Preparation Action
  • 19. Stages of Change Theory: Limitations Stop Here to Take the:Limitation Example Quiz
  • 20. Thank You
  • 21. References• Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007). Theoretical stage model. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/prev_prog/acdp/intervention/change.htm.• Cigarette. http://www.stashlighter.com/images/camuflash.jpg.• Microsoft PowerPoint Clip Art.• National Institutes of Health (n.d.). Social and behavioral theories. Retrieved from: http://www.esourceresearch.org/Portals/0/Uploads/Documents/Public/Gla nz_FullChapter.pdf.• Stages of Change. (2012). How to quit smoking. Retrieved from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OAUmTw9YXYk.