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Construction self inspection guide



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  • This short list of “Direct Hazards” are items that should be found on you Safety Inspection Checklist. This is not a complete list, ONLY a start.
  • This short list of “Direct Hazards” are items that should be found on you Safety Inspection Checklist. This is not a complete list, ONLY a start.
  • This is one of the items on the Construction Attitudes Checklist.
  • Normally, the ground pin doesn’t carry current. When a fault develops in the tool such that a power lead touches the body of the tool, then current can flow through an employee who touches the tool. A ground wire attached to the body of the tool will cause a short circuit and trip the breaker shutting off power when 15-20 amps are passing through the circuit. GFCI is better. It senses the current flow through the hot and neutral. If it detects a 5 ma difference between the two, it will shut off the power. On construction sites, where moisture is frequently present and cords are easily subjected to damage, employers are required to implement an assured grounding program that tests the ground on cords and tools periodically and color codes the cords. Alternatively, GFCIs can be used on the construction site. Some tools are “double insulated” so that there is no possibility of touching energized metal parts in a malfunctioning tool. These tools specifically state that they are double insulated or have a double insulated symbol:
  • The standard requires the the point of operation be guarded against contact from all directions. This guard has a missing component. Some manufacturers do make inadequate guards.
  • Remember that BOTH side of the blade MUST be guarded. Blade guards bust be checked regularly to ensure that they are operating as designed and NOT pinned up. Radial saw doesn’t have lower guard on blade Standard guard is not always convenient for production use. Clear Lexan guard extends 8” from blade in all directions. Adjusted to ride above stock. Fabricated guard. Gentle return upon release Saw must not travel beyond the end of the table.
  • Of the special programs we’ve talked about, the hazard chemical communication program is the most commonly needed. If you use a coded system of labeling such as shown in the slide, your program must contain an explanation of the system or include explanatory material from the manufacturer of a commercial system.


  • 1. Construction Self- Inspection Guide
  • 2. Inspection Guide Most frequently cited violations which cause a majority of fatalities & injuries in construction
  • 3. Most Commonly Cited • Written programs – Accident prevention – Fall protection work plan – HazCom – Respirators – Lockout/tagout
  • 4. Most Commonly Cited • Direct hazards – Fall protection – PPE – Excavation & shoring – Eye/body wash – Live electrical parts – Noise exposure – Machine guarding
  • 5. Powerlines Minimum 10’ clearance
  • 6. Powerlines • Under 50 kv - 10’ • Over 50 kv - 0.4” per kv above 50 • Access by qualified electrical utility workers only
  • 7. Electrical Hazards Improper Grounding No cage around bulb Exposed live circuits
  • 8. Electrical Hazards • GFCI-protected • Approved circuits & connections
  • 9. Trenching Any trench 4’ deep or more must be protected
  • 10. Guardrails Openings with drop of 4’ must be guarded
  • 11. Guardrail Specification • Top rail 39–45” with mid-rail • 200 pound load requirement
  • 12. Scaffolding Fully planked & with guardrails
  • 13. Stairways Four or more risers must have handrails
  • 14. Fall Protection Provided at elevations of 10’ or greater
  • 15. Fall Restraint • Prevents you from leaving roof • Includes either a belt, harness or guardrails • Belt or harness anchor point rated for 4 times intended load
  • 16. Fall Arrest • Catches you in a fall • Full body harness • Maximum 6’ fall allowed • 5000 lb lanyard, lifeline & anchor strength • 3000 lb strength when deceleration devices used & fall distance is limited to 2’
  • 17. Fall Protection Work Plan A complete work plan This work plan is too sketchy
  • 18. Guarding • Most common offenders – Table saw motor belt & pulley – Air compressor motor belt & pulley – Cement mixer chain, sprocket & auger
  • 19. Guarding All power saws guarded
  • 20. Incomplete guard • Front • Blade periphery – Right side – Left side • Guarded against contact from all directions
  • 21. Radial arm saw • Upper & lower blade guard • Gentle return upon release • Blade cannot extend beyond table edge
  • 22. Angle Grinders 180° Guard Required
  • 23. Ladders • Extend 36” above landing • Secured Yes No
  • 24. Articulating Boom Lift Harness required at all times
  • 25. Holes & Openings Covered & secured with no tripping hazards
  • 26. Minimum Clothing At least a short-sleeve shirt, long pants & substantial footwear Yes No
  • 27. Hard Hats • Readily accessible • When overhead hazards exist
  • 28. Compressed Gas Properly stored No chainsChained, but can’t store acetylene next to oxygen
  • 29. Vehicular Traffic Hazards High-visibility apparel on road projects
  • 30. Housekeeping Continuous cleanup required to eliminate tripping hazards
  • 31. First Aid First aid supplies readily available
  • 32. Accident Prevention • Written in outline format • Tailored to particular operation • Weekly safety meetings • Walk-around safety inspections
  • 33. Crew-Leader Meetings Document meetings & attendance
  • 34. PPE • Deficiencies in PPE include: – Failure to use – Improper use – Lack of maintenance – Not replaced when worn out
  • 35. Noise Protection • Workers suffer mild to severe hearing loss • No “getting used to it” • Muffs or plugs worn at all times
  • 36. HazCom • Labels • MSDS • Training
  • 37. Emergency Wash • Corrosives –Destroy tissue & eyes –Acids & caustics –Ph < 2.5 or > 11 • Strong irritants - –Inflammatory effect –At point of contact • Toxic chemicals - –