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L7 Augustus - Constitutional Settlement 1
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L7 Augustus - Constitutional Settlement 1






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L7 Augustus - Constitutional Settlement 1 L7 Augustus - Constitutional Settlement 1 Presentation Transcript

  • Augustus – Constitutional Settlements
    • Lesson Aims:
    • 1. To explain what happened during the First Constitutional Settlements
    • 2. To explain the consequences of the settlement.
    • Do now:
    • Recap on previous lesson
  • Constitutional Settlement 27 BC
    • Octavian held the consulship for 9 consecutive years from 31 to 23 BC, something unparalleled in Roman History. However, as he recorded in his own account of his achievements in the Res Gestae , he declared in 27 BC:
    • ‘ I have transferred the State from my own authority to the control of the Senate and people of Rome’ (Res Gestae, 34).
  • Constitutional Settlement 27 BC
    • The risk involved in making such a statement was calculated and, as expected, the senate protested. With ‘reluctance’ he accepted proconsular imperium, with which he was to rule the large province of Spain, Gaul and Syria for ten years, thus making him the predominant military power , especially since he commanded over 20 legions permanently; no other proconsul had more than two and usually for one year.
  • Constitutional Settlement 27 BC
    • He had eliminated proconsuls from the three provinces under his control, replacing them with his own commanders who would be loyal to him. However, three proconsuls with armies under their command still governed Illyricum, Macedonia and Africa. The proconsular imperium, which ceased to exist when the proconsul entered the pomerium (sacred city boundary of the city), made him the equal of the provincial governors, but as Octavian was also consul, he was in theory their superior.
  • Constitutional Settlement 27 BC
    • Other honours were at the same time voted to Octavian by the senate:
    • Augustus
    • Princeps
    • Bay leaves
    • Shield
  • What does Artus think?
    • Turn to p. 44 in Artus. Using the information there, take notes in the following categories:
    Details of Settlement Outcome of Settlement (did it work?) Perks
  • What does Artus think?
    • Using the sources on p. 42 through to p. 45 of Artus, answer the questions on p. 45.
    • Do not look at the answers.
    • Once you have completed the questions you will be able to mark your work.
  • Tribunician Power
    • The significance of this role was that it could be used in its different aspects to manipulate political outcomes.
    • Ordinary citizens
    • Sacrosanct
    • Senate/assembly
    • Veto
    • Pardons