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W:\Geography\Year 13\Health And Pollution\Eq1 Task 4
W:\Geography\Year 13\Health And Pollution\Eq1 Task 4
W:\Geography\Year 13\Health And Pollution\Eq1 Task 4
W:\Geography\Year 13\Health And Pollution\Eq1 Task 4
W:\Geography\Year 13\Health And Pollution\Eq1 Task 4
W:\Geography\Year 13\Health And Pollution\Eq1 Task 4
W:\Geography\Year 13\Health And Pollution\Eq1 Task 4
W:\Geography\Year 13\Health And Pollution\Eq1 Task 4
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W:\Geography\Year 13\Health And Pollution\Eq1 Task 4

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Unit 4 EQ1 - Private Study Task 4

Unit 4 EQ1 - Private Study Task 4

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  • 1. Pollution and human health at risk… EQ 1 - Task 4 Due Wednesday 10 th March Note….. this presentation has been designed to be pleasing on the eye and easy on the mind.. When completed the work it contains will round up all that is required for the first enquiry question – What are the health risks? Ben / John – this ppt contains work – the idea being to get it done…
  • 2. Health and disease at varying scales.. <ul><li>Look at the following 3 maps… </li></ul><ul><li>For each describe what the map shows.. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain why you think it shows it.. Consider economic, social, environmental and political reasons. </li></ul>
  • 3. HIV Prevalence <ul><li>This map shows the number of people aged 15-49 years old living with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)*. People may be infected by HIV for many years before experiencing the negative physical effects of the virus. In 2003 an estimated 29 million people aged 15-49 had HIV, that was 1.1% of all people in this age range. </li></ul>
  • 4. Condom Use by Men <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Condom use is measured by whether a condom was used at the last time of high-risk sex. High-risk sex is defined as sex with someone to whom you neither are married nor live with. </li></ul><ul><li>Some 47% of men and boys aged 15-24 used condoms the last time they had high risk sex in the world, representative of 209 million people (if all of those ages had high risk sex at least once at some point. Some will have more, some just that, some none – this is probably an underestimate). </li></ul>
  • 5. Swine Flu in the UK - Summer 09 <ul><li>Map can be enlarged. </li></ul><ul><li>Visit the following site if you encounter problems: </li></ul><ul><li>http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2009/7/24/1248424615420/Swine-flu-map-of-Britain--001.jpg </li></ul>
  • 6. The Epidemiology Model <ul><li>The following page shows the Epidemiology Model. </li></ul><ul><li>This model shows how disease / health changes as a country develops through 4 important stages (shown in the pale blue – some might call it egg shell blue  bar on the next page). </li></ul><ul><li>The model is simple (just a red and blue line) showing disease / health changes over time. </li></ul><ul><li>Sketch the model in the middle of an A4 sheet. Surround it in information (annotate) explaining the factors (eco / soc/ env / pol) responsible for the changes shown. </li></ul>
  • 7. Red= degenerative diseases Blue= infectious diseases Number affected.. Development / Time Stages or Age of : 1 The age of Pestilence + famine 2 The age of Receding Pandemics 3 The age of chronic diseases 4 Age of emerging /re-emerging infectious diseases Causes of health risk Large number infectious, acute diseases. reduction in the prevalence of infectious diseases + fall in mortality Degenerative + human induced diseases of affluence suffered by ageing populations . New or the re-emergence of “old” diseases Examples of types of health risk Mainly respiratory + infectious diseases: Measles, smallpox, malaria, typhoid, cholera, tuberculosis, enteritis, diarrhoea, pneumonia cancers respiratory diseases including asthma HIV/AIDS SARS Avian Influenza Measles TB Link to pollution localised pollution, especially water borne rise in all types of pollution as industrialisation increases. Environmentally conscious but consumerist society Reduced water +land pollution, but increased air pollution In Low to middle income countries high rates of all types of environmental pollution Link to economic development Low income countries UK in 17 th C Currently Ethiopia, Bangladesh , although most moving to 2 nd stage Industrialisation; UK in 19 th C. Currently Low to Middle income countries eg India, Western and rural China Post-industrialisation: UK in 20 th C and currently Upper income countries +NICs/RICs Eastern and urban China Ageing populations in urbanised societies. Low to middle income countries, less able to cope with the ‘double burden ‘of health risk , late 20 th C Huge rise in HIV/AIDs, smoking, hypertension, toxic effects of widespread environmental pollution, not under control
  • 8. How can health affect quality of life and economic development? <ul><li>Answer this question in essay form. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intro - define terms and set the scene. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main - examples to prove point. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion – Sum up and make th point. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you like my question mark? – note the length I went to find one with a globe in the dot ……………….> </li></ul></ul>

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