Conditionals
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Conditionals

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Conditionals Conditionals Presentation Transcript

  • by JFBS
  • First Type: Possible & Probable conditions Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions Third Type: Impossible conditions Conditional Types
  • First Type: Possible & Probable conditions
    • USE:
    • Para referirse a hechos posibles o probables en el futuro
    • Para hacer promesas y advertencias
    IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Simple Present Simple Future Imperative Can If you come I will be happy If you want to pass Study ! If we buy a ticket We ................ (go) to the concert If she ..................... (arrive) soon she will come with us If they dance too much They ............................. (get) tired If you need my car .............................. (take) it
  • First Type: Possible & Probable conditions IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE If you ........ (drink) a lot I .......... (leave) you If the road ............ (be) wet ............(watch out) ! If he .......... (lose) his key You ................ (lend) him yours If she .............. (not buy) any food We ................(have dinner) If they ......... (not stop) talking We .......... (not finish) our lesson If you ....... (take) the dog for a walk I ................ (give) you some money
  • Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions USE: - Para referirse a situaciones presentes y futuras hipotéticas, es decir, imaginarias e improbables. IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Simple Past Would + root verb Could + root verb If she studied she would pass her controls If he ran he would catch the bus If I went to China I could be with him If I were ..................... ....................................
  • Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE If you ........ (drink) a lot I .......... (leave) you If the road ............ (be) wet You ............(have) an accident If he .......... (lose) his key You ................ (lend) him yours If she .............. (not buy) any food We ................(have dinner) If they ......... (not stop) talking We .......... (not finish) our lesson If you ....... (take) the dog for a walk I ................ (give) you some money
  • Third Type: Impossible conditions USE: - Para referirse a hechos hipotéticos del pasado, es decir, a cosas que nunca sucedieron. IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Past Perfect Present Perfect Conditional (Would have + past participle) If it hadn't rained We would have gone to the country If she had studied She ............ (pass) her controls If you ................... (invite) them They 'd have come to the party If I had known it I .......................(arrive) earlier If he............................. (phone) I 'd have seen him
  • Third Type: Impossible conditions IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE If you ........ (drink) a lot I .......... (leave) you If the road ............ (be) wet You ............(have) an accident If he .......... (lose) his key You ................ (lend) him yours If she .............. (not buy) any food We ................(have dinner) If they ......... (not stop) talking We .......... (not finish) our lesson If you ....... (take) the dog for a walk I ................ (give) you some money
  • Other expressions used in conditional clauses:   1 st Type: UNLESS " Si no…" "A menos que..." You won't finish the race unless you control your effort. 1 st Type: "ON CONDITION THAT" "PROVIDING THAT" "SO LONG AS" "AS LONG AS "Siempre que, en tanto que, con la condición de que,...etc. Sólo si“ "I will only tell my age on condition that you tell yours." “ I will only tell my age providing that you tell yours” “ I will only tell my age so long as you tell yours”  “ I will only tell my age as long as you tell yours” 2nd Type: “ EVEN IF” Se utiliza para dar énfaisis a la proposición condicional “ aunque” “ I wouldn’t buy a place even if I were rich”
    • Para transformar una frase en una oración condicional, debemos seguir estos pasos:
    • Sentence:
      • I arrived late because I missed the bus.
      • If I…
        • 1 Observa la frase original y decide cuál es la referencia temporal: pasado, presente o futuro. I arrived late… (pasado)
        • 2 Decide qué tipo de condicional necesitas (de primer, segundo o tercer grado): algo que nunca sucedió (3er tipo)
        • 3 Escoge la forma adecuada del verbo: I hadn’t missed; I wouldn’t have arrived.
        • 4 Escribe la frase complete y compruébala para decir si necesitas hacer algún otro cambio: any – some. Corrige la puntuación.
        • Answer: If I hadn’t missed the bus, I wouldn’t have arrived late.
  • Sample rephrasing
    • First Conditional:
    • - Be careful – someone’s going to see you!
    • - If you are careful, nobody will see you!
    • - If + Subject + present simple, subject + future will (aff or neg)
    • Second Conditional:
    • Kathy wants to go to the movies but doesn't have any money
    • If Kathy had some money, she would go to the movies.
    • If + Subject + past simple (neg or aff), subject + would /could/might + infinitive + complements
    • Third Conditional:
    • -Tom was not going to come to dinner the next day because you insulted him.
    • If Tom hadn’t insulted him, he would have come to dinner.
    • If + Subject + past perfect (neg or aff), subject + would/ could/might + have + pp + C
    • - His book will be published provided he takes his manuscript to the editor.
    • Unless he takes his manuscript to the editor, his book won’t be published.
    • Unles + present simple, future simple (aff or neg)
    • I didn't have an umbrella with me and so I got wet. I wouldn't have got wet, if I had had an umbrella with me.
    • We don't go to school when it rains If it rains, we don’t go to school. -I didn't move the table because Jack didn't help me. If Jack had helped me, I would have moved the table. - You drink too much coffee, that's why you don't sleep. If you didn’t drank too much coffee, you would sleep. -You never talk to me, so you don't know anything about me. If you talked to me, you would know something about me.
    Other samples