Condional sentences
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  • 1. Conditional Sentences by JFBS
  • 2. First Type: Possible & Probable conditions Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions Third Type: Impossible conditions Conditional Types Other Conditional sentences Wish / If only
  • 3. First Type: Possible & Probable conditions IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Simple Present Simple Future Imperative Can If you come I will be happy If you want to pass Study ! If we buy a ticket We ___________ (go) to the concert If she ______________ (arrive) soon she will come with us If they dance too much They ____________ (get) tired If you need my car ________________ (take) it
  • 4. First Type: Possible & Probable conditions Now it’s your turn: IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE If you ________ (drink) a lot I ________ (leave) you If the road ________ (be) wet ________ (watch out) ! If he ________ (lose) his key You ________ (lend) him yours If she ________ (not buy) any food We ________ (have dinner) If they ________ (not stop) talking We ________ (not finish) our lesson If you ________ (take) the dog for a walk I ________ (give) you some money
  • 5. Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions To express an imaginary present or improbable future situations IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Simple Past Would + root verb Could + root verb If she studied she would pass her controls If he ran he would catch the bus If I went to China I could be with him If I were _____________ _________________
  • 6. Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions Now it’s your turn: IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE If you ________ (drink) a lot I ________ (leave) you If the road ________ (be) wet You ________ have) an accident If he ________ (lose) his key You ________ (lend) him yours If she ________ (not buy) any food We ________ .(have dinner) If they ________ (not stop) talking We ________ (not finish) our lesson If you ________ (take) the dog for a walk I ________ (give) you some money
  • 7. Third Type: Impossible conditions To express a regret for an impossible situation happened in the Past with NO solution IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Past Perfect Present Perfect Conditional (Would have + past participle) If it hadn't rained We would have gone to the country If she had studied She __________ (pass) her controls If you __________ (invite) them They 'd have come to the party If I had known it I ___________(arrive) earlier If he____________(phone) I 'd have seen him
  • 8. Third Type: Impossible conditions Now it’s your turn: IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE If you ________ (drink) a lot I ________ (leave) you If the road ________ (be) wet You ________ (have) an accident If he ________ (lose) his key You ________ (lend) him yours If she ________ (not buy) any food We ________ (have dinner) If they ________ (not stop) talking We ________ (not finish) our lesson If you ________ (take) the dog for a walk I ________ (give) you some money
  • 9. Other expressions used in conditional clauses:   UNLESS (1st type) " Si no…" "A menos que..." You won't finish the race unless you control your effort. WHETHER…OR NOT (1 st type) "Tanto….como si no " Whether you pay or not , you won't get in without an invitation. ON CONDITION THAT PROVIDED THAT PROVIDING THAT SO LONG AS AS LONG AS (1st type) "Siempre que, en tanto que, con la condición de que,...etc ASSUMING THAT SUPPOSING THAT SUPPOSE THAT (1 st or 2 nd type) Most probable 1 st type "Suponiendo que.."   "I will only tell my age on condition that you tell yours." “ I will only tell my age provided that you tell yours” “ I will only tell my age providing that you tell yours” “ I will only tell my age so long as you tell yours”  “ I will only tell my age as long as you tell yours”   " Assuming that it's fine tomorrow, we'll go for a swim"   "What would you do supposing that you were given the chance to see the future ?"
  • 10. Other time clauses (Oraciones temporales) They are formed as in 1 st conditional. Time clauses with before , unless , when , w hile , as soon as , as long as , provided that After when , as soon as , before , while , unless , as long as and provided that we use the present tense (not will ). • I ’ ll stay with Jake when I go to London next week. • As soon as I get my exam results, I ’ m going on holiday. • Before I go out tonight, I have to finish this essay. • While I ’ m away, Penny ’ s going to look after my dog. • I won ’ t be able to buy a car unless I find a job soon. • I ’ ll come with you as long as I don't have to drive. • You ’ ll pass your exam provided that you do enough revision. Structure: Main clause + time expression + present simple
  • 11. WISH / IF ONLY CLAUSES (Oraciones desiderativas) Wish and if only can be used with would and past tenses . These structures express regrets, and wishes for unlikely or impossible things. If only is more emphatic. (Traducción: Ójala, Desearía). (3 kind of sentences) 1. Past tenses are used to talk about the present, about situations we would like to change or get better. I wish I was better looking I wish I spoke French Don ’ t you wish you could fly? If only I knew more people! Were can be used instead of was, especially in a formal style. (subjunctive) He wishes he were better looking. 2. We use a past perfect tense to express regrets about the past I wish you hadn ’ t said that. Now she wishes she had gone to university. If only she hadn ’ t told the police, everything would be all right.
  • 12.
    • 3. We use would or could...
    • to talk about future things which aren’t so much probable.
    • I wish / If only I could go to the party.
    • to talk about future things that we would like people (not) to do. The subject of wish and the main verb is different. So here we only use would.
        • This often expresses dissatisfaction or annoyance: It can sound critical.
      • I wish you would go home. If only the postman would come!
        • We can use this structure to talk about things as well as people.
    • I wish this damned car would start. If only it would stop raining!
    WISH / IF ONLY CLAUSES (Oraciones desiderativas)
  • 13. Sample rephrasing
    • First Conditional:
    • - Be careful – someone’s going to see you!
    • - If you are careful, nobody will see you!
    • - If + Subject + present simple, subject + future will (aff or neg)
    • Second Conditional:
    • Kathy wants to go to the movies but doesn't have any money
    • If Kathy had some money, she would go to the movies.
    • If + Subject + past simple (neg or aff), subject + would /could/might + infinitive + complements
    • Third Conditional:
    • -Tom was not going to come to dinner the next day because you insulted him.
    • If Tom hadn’t insulted him, he would have come to dinner.
    • If + Subject + past perfect (neg or aff), subject + would/ could/might + have + pp + C
  • 14.
    • Wish / If only
    • I’m sorry, but I can’t help you now.
    • I wish I could help you.
    • I would have gone to the concert, but I didn’t have a ticket.
    • I wish I had had a ticket. / I had bought a ticket
    • More examples
    • - His book will be published provided he takes his manuscript to the editor.
    • Unless he takes his manuscript to the editor, his book won’t be published.
    • Unless + present simple, future simple (aff or neg)
    • I didn't have an umbrella with me and so I got wet.
    • I wouldn't have got wet, if I had had an umbrella with me.
    • We don't go to school when it rains
    • If it rains, we don’t go to school.
    • -I didn't move the table because Jack didn't help me.
    • If Jack had helped me, I would have moved the table.
    • - You drink too much coffee, that's why you don't sleep.
    • If you didn’t drank too much coffee, you would sleep.
    • -You never talk to me, so you don't know anything about me.
    • If you talked to me, you would know something about me.
    Other samples
  • 15. THE END
    • By JFBS