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Conditional Sentences by JFBS
First Type: Possible & Probable conditions Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions Third Type: Impossible conditions...
First Type: Possible & Probable conditions IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Simple  Present Simple Future Imperative Can If you  come...
First Type: Possible & Probable conditions Now it’s your turn: IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE If you  ________ (drink)  a lot I  __...
Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions To express an imaginary present or improbable future situations IF CLAUSE MA...
Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions Now it’s your turn: IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE If you  ________ (drink)  a lot I ...
Third Type: Impossible conditions To express a regret for an impossible situation happened in the Past with NO solution IF...
Third Type: Impossible conditions Now it’s your turn: IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE If you  ________ (drink)  a lot I  ________  (...
Other expressions used in conditional clauses:     UNLESS   (1st type) " Si no…"  "A menos que..."  Yo...
Other time clauses (Oraciones temporales) They are formed as in 1 st  conditional. Time clauses with  before ,  unless ,  ...
WISH / IF ONLY CLAUSES (Oraciones desiderativas) Wish  and  if only  can be used with  would  and  past tenses . These str...
<ul><li>3.  We use  would or could...  </li></ul><ul><li>to talk about future things which aren’t so much probable. </li><...
Sample rephrasing  <ul><li>First Conditional: </li></ul><ul><li>- Be careful – someone’s going to see you!  </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Wish / If only </li></ul><ul><li>I’m sorry, but I can’t help you now. </li></ul><ul><li>I wish I could help you. <...
THE END <ul><li>By JFBS </li></ul>
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Condional sentences

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Transcript of "Condional sentences"

  1. 1. Conditional Sentences by JFBS
  2. 2. First Type: Possible & Probable conditions Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions Third Type: Impossible conditions Conditional Types Other Conditional sentences Wish / If only
  3. 3. First Type: Possible & Probable conditions IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Simple Present Simple Future Imperative Can If you come I will be happy If you want to pass Study ! If we buy a ticket We ___________ (go) to the concert If she ______________ (arrive) soon she will come with us If they dance too much They ____________ (get) tired If you need my car ________________ (take) it
  4. 4. First Type: Possible & Probable conditions Now it’s your turn: IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE If you ________ (drink) a lot I ________ (leave) you If the road ________ (be) wet ________ (watch out) ! If he ________ (lose) his key You ________ (lend) him yours If she ________ (not buy) any food We ________ (have dinner) If they ________ (not stop) talking We ________ (not finish) our lesson If you ________ (take) the dog for a walk I ________ (give) you some money
  5. 5. Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions To express an imaginary present or improbable future situations IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Simple Past Would + root verb Could + root verb If she studied she would pass her controls If he ran he would catch the bus If I went to China I could be with him If I were _____________ _________________
  6. 6. Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions Now it’s your turn: IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE If you ________ (drink) a lot I ________ (leave) you If the road ________ (be) wet You ________ have) an accident If he ________ (lose) his key You ________ (lend) him yours If she ________ (not buy) any food We ________ .(have dinner) If they ________ (not stop) talking We ________ (not finish) our lesson If you ________ (take) the dog for a walk I ________ (give) you some money
  7. 7. Third Type: Impossible conditions To express a regret for an impossible situation happened in the Past with NO solution IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Past Perfect Present Perfect Conditional (Would have + past participle) If it hadn't rained We would have gone to the country If she had studied She __________ (pass) her controls If you __________ (invite) them They 'd have come to the party If I had known it I ___________(arrive) earlier If he____________(phone) I 'd have seen him
  8. 8. Third Type: Impossible conditions Now it’s your turn: IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE If you ________ (drink) a lot I ________ (leave) you If the road ________ (be) wet You ________ (have) an accident If he ________ (lose) his key You ________ (lend) him yours If she ________ (not buy) any food We ________ (have dinner) If they ________ (not stop) talking We ________ (not finish) our lesson If you ________ (take) the dog for a walk I ________ (give) you some money
  9. 9. Other expressions used in conditional clauses:   UNLESS (1st type) &quot; Si no…&quot; &quot;A menos que...&quot; You won't finish the race unless you control your effort. WHETHER…OR NOT (1 st type) &quot;Tanto….como si no &quot; Whether you pay or not , you won't get in without an invitation. ON CONDITION THAT PROVIDED THAT PROVIDING THAT SO LONG AS AS LONG AS (1st type) &quot;Siempre que, en tanto que, con la condición de que,...etc ASSUMING THAT SUPPOSING THAT SUPPOSE THAT (1 st or 2 nd type) Most probable 1 st type &quot;Suponiendo que..&quot;   &quot;I will only tell my age on condition that you tell yours.&quot; “ I will only tell my age provided that you tell yours” “ I will only tell my age providing that you tell yours” “ I will only tell my age so long as you tell yours”  “ I will only tell my age as long as you tell yours”   &quot; Assuming that it's fine tomorrow, we'll go for a swim&quot;   &quot;What would you do supposing that you were given the chance to see the future ?&quot;
  10. 10. Other time clauses (Oraciones temporales) They are formed as in 1 st conditional. Time clauses with before , unless , when , w hile , as soon as , as long as , provided that After when , as soon as , before , while , unless , as long as and provided that we use the present tense (not will ). • I ’ ll stay with Jake when I go to London next week. • As soon as I get my exam results, I ’ m going on holiday. • Before I go out tonight, I have to finish this essay. • While I ’ m away, Penny ’ s going to look after my dog. • I won ’ t be able to buy a car unless I find a job soon. • I ’ ll come with you as long as I don't have to drive. • You ’ ll pass your exam provided that you do enough revision. Structure: Main clause + time expression + present simple
  11. 11. WISH / IF ONLY CLAUSES (Oraciones desiderativas) Wish and if only can be used with would and past tenses . These structures express regrets, and wishes for unlikely or impossible things. If only is more emphatic. (Traducción: Ójala, Desearía). (3 kind of sentences) 1. Past tenses are used to talk about the present, about situations we would like to change or get better. I wish I was better looking I wish I spoke French Don ’ t you wish you could fly? If only I knew more people! Were can be used instead of was, especially in a formal style. (subjunctive) He wishes he were better looking. 2. We use a past perfect tense to express regrets about the past I wish you hadn ’ t said that. Now she wishes she had gone to university. If only she hadn ’ t told the police, everything would be all right.
  12. 12. <ul><li>3. We use would or could... </li></ul><ul><li>to talk about future things which aren’t so much probable. </li></ul><ul><li>I wish / If only I could go to the party. </li></ul><ul><li>to talk about future things that we would like people (not) to do. The subject of wish and the main verb is different. So here we only use would. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This often expresses dissatisfaction or annoyance: It can sound critical. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I wish you would go home. If only the postman would come! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We can use this structure to talk about things as well as people. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>I wish this damned car would start. If only it would stop raining! </li></ul>WISH / IF ONLY CLAUSES (Oraciones desiderativas)
  13. 13. Sample rephrasing <ul><li>First Conditional: </li></ul><ul><li>- Be careful – someone’s going to see you! </li></ul><ul><li>- If you are careful, nobody will see you! </li></ul><ul><li>- If + Subject + present simple, subject + future will (aff or neg) </li></ul><ul><li>Second Conditional: </li></ul><ul><li>Kathy wants to go to the movies but doesn't have any money </li></ul><ul><li>If Kathy had some money, she would go to the movies. </li></ul><ul><li>If + Subject + past simple (neg or aff), subject + would /could/might + infinitive + complements </li></ul><ul><li>Third Conditional: </li></ul><ul><li>-Tom was not going to come to dinner the next day because you insulted him. </li></ul><ul><li>If Tom hadn’t insulted him, he would have come to dinner. </li></ul><ul><li>If + Subject + past perfect (neg or aff), subject + would/ could/might + have + pp + C </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Wish / If only </li></ul><ul><li>I’m sorry, but I can’t help you now. </li></ul><ul><li>I wish I could help you. </li></ul><ul><li>I would have gone to the concert, but I didn’t have a ticket. </li></ul><ul><li>I wish I had had a ticket. / I had bought a ticket </li></ul><ul><li>More examples </li></ul><ul><li>- His book will be published provided he takes his manuscript to the editor. </li></ul><ul><li>Unless he takes his manuscript to the editor, his book won’t be published. </li></ul><ul><li>Unless + present simple, future simple (aff or neg) </li></ul><ul><li>I didn't have an umbrella with me and so I got wet. </li></ul><ul><li>I wouldn't have got wet, if I had had an umbrella with me. </li></ul><ul><li>We don't go to school when it rains </li></ul><ul><li>If it rains, we don’t go to school. </li></ul><ul><li>-I didn't move the table because Jack didn't help me. </li></ul><ul><li>If Jack had helped me, I would have moved the table. </li></ul><ul><li>- You drink too much coffee, that's why you don't sleep. </li></ul><ul><li>If you didn’t drank too much coffee, you would sleep. </li></ul><ul><li>-You never talk to me, so you don't know anything about me. </li></ul><ul><li>If you talked to me, you would know something about me. </li></ul>Other samples
  15. 15. THE END <ul><li>By JFBS </li></ul>
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