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Who western pacific region phl

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  • 1. Philippines REGION Enabling environment – policies and strategies to support the information society The Philippines reports that almost half of the listed actions to promote PACIFIC National information policy or strategy RC an enabling environment for information and communication National ePolicy technologies (ICT) in the health sector have been implemented and or eStrategy RC will be reviewed and continued over the next two years. The rest of National eHealth the listed actions should be introduced by 2008. The national ICT policy or strategy S policy is described as the most important action taken in this eld. To WESTERN Procurement policies or strategies S date, ICT projects are often funded by grants from donor agencies or from special government budgets. Including these projects within the Public funding RC regular government budget is considered a signi cant challenge. A Future action priority activity is to develop a model framework that provides clear Private funding RC strategies and direction to achieve desired goals and objectives in the WHO Public-private RC eHealth domain. partnerships eHealth standards S Citizen protection S Equity S Multilingualism and cultural diversity S < 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 > Year Figure 1. Enabling environment for ICT in the health sector: actions taken or planned within 2 years and their e ectiveness rating Infrastructure – access to information and communication technologies There are plans to implement a national plan for the development of ICT National ICT in health development plan S in health and a national policy to reduce the costs of ICT infrastructure Future action for the health sector by 2008. The Philippines indicates that since Policy on a ordability of infrastructure S 1985 it works with intersectoral and nongovernmental partners to promote infrastructure development. This initiative will be reviewed Intersectoral and nongovernmental RC FOR eHEALTH and continued over the next two years. The Multipurpose Community cooperation < 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 > Telecenter (MCT) (http://www.barangayconnect.ph), which provides Year access to community information, including selected transcriptions in Figure 2. ICT infrastructure development for the health sector: the local dialect, and the use of cellular infrastructure to provide health actions taken or planned within 2 years and their e ectiveness rating information are highlighted by the Philippines as a signi cant initiative. The most important initiatives are described as the introduction of the Internet by PHNet; the Philippine Research, Education and Government Information Network (PREGINET), which advances the development of next-generation network technologies, applications and services to make these technologies accessible and a ordable to user communities; and the Short Messaging FOUNDATIONS System (SMS) with 25 million cellular service subscribers. The Department of Health has initiated a programme for answering health queries by SMS from the general public. Insu cient funds for the health sector remain a signi cant challenge. Cultural and linguistic diversity, and cultural identity The listed actions have been introduced and will be reviewed and Future action Multilingual projects RC continued. The Philippines notes the development of the Community Translation and Health Information Tracking System (CHITS), which is designed for cultural adaptation RC government health centres to track and monitor patients. Of particular BUILDING < 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 > importance is the embedded localization module that enables Year translation into local languages. The University of the Philippines has a Figure 3. Electronic multicultural health content: actions taken or project translating terms used in Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) into planned within 2 years and their e ectiveness rating Filipino, the national language. The development of multilingual content for advocacy poses a signi cant challenge, as there are ve major languages and more than one hundred dialects in the country.316 GOe © World Health Organization 2006
  • 2. Population (000s) 80 166 OECD country No Main telephone lines* 4.16 indicators Country GLOBAL GDP per capita (Int $) 5 490 World Bank category 3 Internet users* 5.32 Total health expenditure (% of GDP) 3.2 ICT Di usion Index 0.294 Mobile phone subscribers* 39.85Content – access to information and knowledge All of the services listed to extend access to the community have been OBSERVATORYAccess to international journals RC introduced and are predicted to continue over the next two years. Access to national Important actions are described to be the creation of the eHealth Future action journals RC portal (1995) as a virtual community for Philippine health research, National open archive health care delivery, and health science and technology development; or repository policies RC the Department of Health web site (1997) providing a source of health Health information for the general public RC information for the general public; the development of the Philippine < 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 > eLibrary (2004), which links multidisciplinary libraries; and the online Year public access catalogue (OPAC) (1991) of medical and health libraries. FOR eHEALTHFigure 4. Online access to health content: actions taken or planned The Health Research and Development Information Network (HERDIN)within 2 years and their e ectiveness rating (http://www.herdin.ph) (1985), a specialized network of documentation and information centres engaged in health research and developmentactivities with a bibliographic information retrieval system for Philippine health research is also highlighted as an e ective action inthis eld. The Philippines highlights the need for translation of health information to local languages. The updating and maintenanceof databases are mentioned among the most signi cant challenges.Capacity – human resources knowledge and skillsAll of the educational programmes listed in this area have been Undergraduateintroduced. The Philippines reports these actions to have been or postgraduate training on ICT RC Future actionslightly e ective. They will be reviewed and continued. The recently Continuing RCimplemented telementoring and telehealth project, Buddy Works, education on ICTwill enable access to health knowledge and expertise for those in eLearning in health sciences RCgeographically remote areas. The Department of Health provides < 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 >continuing ICT training for health professionals; the courses ranging Yearfrom introductory courses to programming, as well as Internet and Figure 5. ICT capacity in the health sector: actions taken or plannedspecialized Geographical Information Systems instruction. The within 2 years and their e ectiveness ratingmigration of locally-trained health professionals, especially nurses withtraining in ICT for health, to positions abroad is reported as the mostsigni cant challenge in this area.eHealth tools and eHealth services Electronic Health Records (eHR) Patient Information Systems (PIS) Hospital Information Systems (HIS) Advice on national needs assessments for eHealth General Practitioner Information Systems (GPIS) Advice on eHealth policy and strategy National electronic registries Advice on methods for M&E of eHealth services National drug registries Information on e ective/best eHealth practices Directories of health-care professionals and institutions Advice on eHealth norms and standards Decision Support Systems (DSS) Information on trends and developments in eHealth Telehealth Advice on eLearning programmes Geographical Information Systems (GIS) Advice on human resources development for eHealth 0 1 2 3 4 5 0 1 2 3 4 5 Usefulness UsefulnessFigure 6. Preferred generic eHealth tools to be provided by WHO Figure 7. Preferred eHealth services to be provided by WHOAll of the listed eHealth tools are rated as extremely useful if the World Health Organization could o er these as generic prototypes PHILIPPINESfor adaptation to the Philippines. The speci ed eHealth services are also considered extremely useful. E ectiveness Future action Usefulness Extremely e ective C To be continued 5 Extremely useful Very e ective RC To be reviewed & continued 4 Very useful Legend Moderately e ective S To be started 3 Moderately useful Slightly e ective P To be stopped 2 Slightly useful Not e ective U Undecided 1 Not useful Unknown e ectiveness 0 No data / No action 0 No data Start date unknown No data * per 100 inhabitants© World Health Organization 2006 For more information see Explanatory notes GOe 317 For electronic version see http://www.who.int/GOe

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