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  • 1. tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page iv 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page iv 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469 /Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefiles/Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefile This page intentionally left blank
  • 2. tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page iv 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page iv 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469 /Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefiles/Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefile This page intentionally left blank
  • 3. S E E L E Y ' S Principles of Anatomy & Physiology Philip Tate Phoenix College S E C O N D E D I T I O N TM tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page i 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page i 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469 /Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefiles/Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefile
  • 4. SEELEY’S PRINCIPLES OF ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY, SECOND EDITION Published by McGraw-Hill, a business unit of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 1221 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Previous edition © 2009. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written consent of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., including, but not limited to, in any network or other electronic storage or transmission, or broadcast for distance learning. Some ancillaries, including electronic and print components, may not be available to customers outside the United States. This book is printed on acid-free paper. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 QDB/QDB 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ISBN 978–0–07–337819–0 MHID 0–07–337819–4 Vice President, Editor-in-Chief: Marty Lange Vice President, EDP: Kimberly Meriwether David Vice-President New Product Launches: Michael Lange Executive Editor: James F. Connely Developmental Editor: Ashley Zellmer Marketing Manager: Denise M. Massar Senior Project Manager: Jayne L. Klein Senior Buyer: Laura Fuller Lead Media Project Manager: Stacy A. Vath Designer: Tara McDermott Cover Designer: Elise Lansdon Cover Image: © Getty Images/David Sacks Senior Photo Research Coordinator: John C. Leland Photo Research: Jerry Marshall/pictureresearching.com Compositor: Aptara, Inc. Typeface: 10/12 Adobe Garamond Pro Printer: Quad/Graphics All credits appearing on page or at the end of the book are considered to be an extension of the copyright page. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Tate, Philip. Seeley’s principles of anatomy & physiology / Phillip Tate. -- 2nd ed. p. cm. Includes index. ISBN 978–0–07–337819–0 — ISBN 0–07–337819–4 (hard copy : alk. paper) 1. Human physiology. 2. Human anatomy. I. Title. II. Title: Seeley’s principles of anatomy and physiology. QP34.5.T378 2012 612--dc22 2010033996 www.mhhe.com TM tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page ii 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page ii 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469 /Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefiles/Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefile
  • 5. Brief Contents 1 The Human Organism 1 2 The Chemical Basis of Life 21 3 Cell Structures and Their Functions 45 4 Tissues, Glands, and Membranes 77 5 Integumentary System 106 6 Histology and Physiology of Bones 125 7 Anatomy of Bones and Joints 149 8 Histology and Physiology of Muscles 197 9 Gross Anatomy and Functions of Skeletal Muscles 229 10 Functional Organization of Nervous Tissue 267 11 Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems 299 12 Integration of Nervous System Functions 343 13 The Special Senses 369 14 Autonomic Nervous System 407 15 Endocrine System 425 16 Blood 466 17 The Heart 490 18 Blood Vessels and Circulation 522 19 Lymphatic System and Immunity 569 20 Respiratory System 606 21 Digestive System 644 22 Nutrition, Metabolism, and Temperature Regulation 689 23 Urinary System and Body Fluids 721 24 Reproductive System 769 25 Development and Genetics 808 Appendices A Periodic Table of the Elements A-1 B Scientific Notation A-2 C Solution Concentrations A-3 D pH A-4 E Answers to Review and Comprehension Questions A-5 F Answers to Critical Thinking Questions A-6 G Answers to Predict Questions A-18 Glossary G-1 Credits C-1 Index I-1 iii tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page iii 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page iii 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469 /Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefiles/Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefile
  • 6. tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page iv 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page iv 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469 /Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefiles/Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefile This page intentionally left blank
  • 7. Contents vContents v 4.3 Epithelial Tissue 78 4.4 Connective Tissue 86 4.5 Muscle Tissue 93 4.6 Nervous Tissue 95 4.7 Membranes 96 4.8 Inflammation 96 4.9 Tissue Renewal and Repair 97 4.10 Tissues and Aging 102 C H A P T E R 5 Integumentary System 5.1 Functions of the Integumentary System 107 5.2 Skin 107 5.3 Subcutaneous Tissue 113 5.4 Accessory Skin Structures 113 5.5 Summary of Integumentary System Functions 117 5.6 The Integumentary System as a Diagnostic Aid 119 5.7 Skin Cancer 119 5.8 Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System 120 C H A P T E R 6 Histology and Physiology of Bones 6.1 Functions of the Skeletal System 126 6.2 Cartilage 126 6.3 Bone Histology 127 6.4 Bone Anatomy 131 6.5 Bone Development 133 6.6 Bone Growth 135 6.7 Bone Remodeling 138 6.8 Bone Repair 141 6.9 Calcium Homeostasis 142 6.10 Effects of Aging on the Skeletal System 143 C H A P T E R 7 Anatomy of Bones and Joints 7.1 General Considerations of Bones 150 7.2 Axial Skeleton 150 7.3 Appendicular Skeleton 167 7.4 Joints 177 7.5 Types of Movement 183 7.6 Description of Selected Joints 186 7.7 Effects of Aging on the Joints 191 C H A P T E R 8 Histology and Physiology of Muscles 8.1 Functions of the Muscular System 198 8.2 Properties and Types of Muscle 198 8.3 Skeletal Muscle Structure 199 8.4 Sliding Filament Model 202 8.5 Physiology of Skeletal Muscle Fibers 204 8.6 Physiology of Skeletal Muscle 211 8.7 Types of Skeletal Muscle Fibers 218 8.8 Muscular Hypertrophy and Atrophy 219 8.9 Effects of Aging on Skeletal Muscle 220 8.10 Smooth Muscle 220 8.11 Cardiac Muscle 224 C H A P T E R 9 Gross Anatomy and Functions of Skeletal Muscles 9.1 General Principles 230 9.2 Head and Neck Muscles 234 9.3 Trunk Muscles 241 About the Author viii Preface viii C H A P T E R 1 The Human Organism 1.1 Anatomy and Physiology 2 1.2 Structural and Functional Organization 2 1.3 Characteristics of Life 7 1.4 Homeostasis 7 1.5 Terminology and the Body Plan 11 C H A P T E R 2 The Chemical Basis of Life 2.1 Basic Chemistry 22 2.2 Chemical Reactions 27 2.3 Acids and Bases 31 2.4 Inorganic Chemistry 33 2.5 Organic Chemistry 33 C H A P T E R 3 Cell Structures and Their Functions 3.1 Cell Organization and Functions 46 3.2 Plasma Membrane 46 3.3 Movement Through the Plasma Membrane 49 3.4 Cytoplasm 58 3.5 The Nucleus and Cytoplasmic Organelles 59 3.6 Protein Synthesis 66 3.7 Cell Division 68 3.8 Differentiation 72 C H A P T E R 4 Tissues, Glands, and Membranes 4.1 Tissues and Histology 78 4.2 Germ Layers 78 Contents v tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page v 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page v 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469 /Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefiles/Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefile
  • 8. vi Contents 9.4 Scapular and Upper Limb Muscles 246 9.5 Hip and Lower Limb Muscles 255 C H A P T E R 10 Functional Organization of Nervous Tissue 10.1 Functions of the Nervous System 268 10.2 Parts of the Nervous System 268 10.3 Cells of the Nervous System 269 10.4 Organization of Nervous Tissue 273 10.5 Electric Signals 273 10.6 The Synapse 285 10.7 Neuronal Pathways and Circuits 294 C H A P T E R 11 Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems 11.1 Spinal Cord 300 11.2 Reflexes 304 11.3 Nerves 309 11.4 Brain 316 11.5 Brainstem 316 11.6 Cerebellum 318 11.7 Diencephalon 319 11.8 Cerebrum 321 11.9 Meninges, Ventricles, and Cerebrospinal Fluid 324 11.10 Blood Supply to the Brain 329 11.11 Cranial Nerves 329 C H A P T E R 12 Integration of Nervous System Functions 12.1 Sensation 344 12.2 Control of Skeletal Muscles 352 12.3 Other Brain Functions 358 12.4 Effects of Aging of the Nervous System 362 C H A P T E R 13 The Special Senses 13.1 Olfaction 370 13.2 Taste 371 C H A P T E R 17 The Heart 17.1 Functions of the Heart 491 17.2 Location, Shape, and Size of the Heart 492 17.3 Anatomy of the Heart 492 17.4 Histology of the Heart 499 17.5 Electrical Activity of the Heart 500 17.6 Cardiac Cycle 506 17.7 Mean Arterial Blood Pressure 511 17.8 Regulation of the Heart 512 17.9 The Heart and Homeostasis 513 17.10 Effects of Aging on the Heart 516 C H A P T E R 18 Blood Vessels and Circulation 18.1 Functions of the Peripheral Circulation 523 18.2 General Features of Blood Vessels 523 18.3 Pulmonary Circulation 527 18.4 Systemic Circulation: Arteries 527 18.5 Systemic Circulation: Veins 536 18.6 Physiology of Circulation 546 18.7 Control of Blood Flow 552 18.8 Regulation of Mean Arterial Pressure 554 18.9 Examples of Cardiovascular Regulation 561 C H A P T E R 19 Lymphatic System and Immunity 19.1 Lymphatic System 570 19.2 Immunity 576 19.3 Immune Cells 578 19.4 Innate Immunity 580 19.5 Adaptive Immunity 584 19.6 Immunological Tolerance 594 19.7 Immunotherapy 594 19.8 Acquired Immunity 598 19.9 Effects of Aging on the Lymphatic System and Immunity 599 13.3 Visual System 372 13.4 Hearing and Balance 389 13.5 Effects of Aging on the Special Senses 401 C H A P T E R 14 Autonomic Nervous System 14.1 Contrasting the Somatic Motor and Autonomic Nervous Systems 408 14.2 Anatomy of the Autonomic Nervous System 409 14.3 Physiology of the Autonomic Nervous System 413 14.4 Regulation of the Autonomic Nervous System 418 14.5 Functional Generalizations About the Autonomic Nervous System 420 C H A P T E R 15 Endocrine System 15.1 Overview of the Endocrine System 426 15.2 Pituitary Gland and Hypothalamus 435 15.3 Thyroid Gland 441 15.4 Parathyroid Glands 446 15.5 Adrenal Glands 446 15.6 Pancreas 453 15.7 Hormonal Regulation of Nutrients 456 15.8 Testes and Ovaries 456 15.9 Pineal Body 457 15.10 Other Endocrine Organs 458 15.11 Hormonelike Substances 458 15.12 Effects of Aging on the Endocrine System 458 C H A P T E R 16 Blood 16.1 Functions and Composition of Blood 467 16.2 Plasma 467 16.3 Formed Elements 467 16.4 Preventing Blood Loss 475 16.5 Blood Grouping 478 16.6 Diagnostic Blood Tests 482 tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page vi 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page vi 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469 /Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefiles/Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefile
  • 9. Contents vii C H A P T E R 20 Respiratory System 20.1 Functions of the Respiratory System 607 20.2 Anatomy and Histology of the Respiratory System 607 20.3 Ventilation 618 20.4 Measurement of Lung Function 622 20.5 Gas Exchange in the Lungs 624 20.6 Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Transport in the Blood 625 20.7 Regulation of Ventilation 631 20.8 Respiratory Adaptations to Exercise 636 20.9 Effects of Aging on the Respiratory System 638 C H A P T E R 21 Digestive System 21.1 Functions of the Digestive System 645 21.2 Histology of the Digestive Tract 645 21.3 Peritoneum 647 21.4 Oral Cavity 647 21.5 Pharynx 651 21.6 Esophagus 652 21.7 Swallowing 653 21.8 Stomach 653 21.9 Small Intestine 661 21.10 Liver and Gallbladder 664 21.11 Pancreas 670 21.12 Large Intestine 672 21.13 Digestion, Absorption, and Transport 675 21.14 Effects of Aging on the Digestive System 683 C H A P T E R 24 Reproductive System 24.1 Functions of the Reproductive System 770 24.2 Meiosis 771 24.3 Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System 773 24.4 Physiology of Male Reproduction 780 24.5 Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System 785 24.6 Physiology of Female Reproduction 793 24.7 Effects of Aging on the Reproductive System 801 C H A P T E R 25 Development and Genetics 25.1 Prenatal Development 809 25.2 Labor 829 25.3 The Newborn 831 25.4 Lactation 834 25.5 Genetics 834 Appendices A Periodic Table of the Elements A-1 B Scientific Notation A-2 C Solution Concentrations A-3 D pH A-4 E Answers to Review and Comprehension Questions A-5 F Answers to Critical Thinking Questions A-6 G Answers to Predict Questions A-18 Glossary G-1 Credits C-1 Index I-1 C H A P T E R 22 Nutrition, Metabolism, and Temperature Regulation 22.1 Nutrition 690 22.2 Metabolism 699 22.3 Carbohydrate Metabolism 700 22.4 Lipid Metabolism 707 22.5 Protein Metabolism 708 22.6 Interconversion of Nutrient Molecules 708 22.7 Metabolic States 711 22.8 Metabolic Rate 712 22.9 Body Temperature Regulation 713 C H A P T E R 23 Urinary System and Body Fluids 23.1 Functions of the Urinary System 722 23.2 Kidney Anatomy and Histology 722 23.3 Urine Production 728 23.4 Hormonal Regulation of Urine Concentration and Volume 738 23.5 Urine Movement 743 23.6 Effects of Aging on the Kidneys 746 23.7 Body Fluids 747 23.8 Regulation of Intracellular Fluid Composition 748 23.9 Regulation of Body Fluid Concentration and Volume 748 23.10 Regulation of Specific Electrolytes in the Extracellular Fluid 753 23.11 Regulation of Acid–Base Balance 755 tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page vii 12/8/10 2:05 AM user-f469tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page vii 12/8/10 2:05 AM user-f469 /Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefiles/Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefile
  • 10. Philip Tate earned a B.S. in zoology, a B.S. in mathematics, and an M.S. in ecology at San Diego State University; and a Doctor of Arts (D.A.) in biological education from Idaho State University. He is an award-winning instructor who has taught a wide spectrum of students at the four-year and community college levels. Phil has served as the annual conference coordinator, president-elect, president, and past president of the Human Anatomy and Physiology Society (HAPS). D E D I C A T I O N To those who study, teach, and use the knowledge of human anatomy and physiology. The Second Edition— What's New? Global • Numbered headings link to learning outcomes and end-of-chapter assessments for each section. • Every learning outcome has at least one Review and Comprehension question. • Numbered headings added to the end-of- chapter Summary. • Homeostasis Figures revised to include more succinct explanations and new illustrations. • Systems Interactions redesigned for ease of reading • Improved wording of figure legends. • Anatomy & Physiology Revealed icons are placed throughout the text and figures for easy linking from the e-book or to the online correlation guide. Chapter 1 • Illustrations and more detail added to Homeostasis Figure 1.6. • Figure 1.12 revised so that labels over the subdivisions of the abdomen terms are bolded for easier reading. Chapter 2 • New definition added for hydrogen bond and enzyme. • “Solubility” added as a new term. • New Predict question 4 and new critical thinking question 5. • New arrow symbols for reversible reactions. • New critical thinking question 5. • Figure 2.4 has been revised as a process figure with numbered steps to explain covalent bonding. • Hydrogen bond labels have been added to figures. Chapter 3 • Metaplasia added as a new term. • Description of relative sizes and functions of cilia, flagella, and microvilli has been expanded. • Two new critical thinking questions added to end-of-chapter. • New electron micrograph of the plasma membrane added to Figure 3.2. • Figure 3.3 has been modified to better show concentration gradient. • Cell Division Process Figure 3.28 revised to connect illustrations with photomicrographs. Chapter 4 • Rewritten section describes the ways in which cells are attached to each other. • Revised discussion of connective tissue and a new classification scheme has been added. • Description of tissue repair updated to include new explanations of stem cells. • Rewritten section of the effects of aging on tissues and the concept of organ reserve. Chapter 5 • New description of subcutaneous tissue as consisting mostly of adipose tissue. • New description on the role of stem cells in the production of new epidermal tissue. • Revised the primary term for sweat producing glands as eccrine glands, instead of merocrine glands. • Definition of the eponychium is now the cuticle. Chapter 6 • New concept of committed stem cells described. • Terminology of bone types such as carpals, tarsals, cancellous bone now revised to carpal bones, tarsal bones, and spongy bone. • Clinical Relevance on osteoporosis updated to include new treatments. • Endochondral ossification figure streamlined to fit on one page for easier reading. Chapter 7 • Terms for metacarpals and metatarsals updated to read as metacarpal bones and metatarsal bones. • Olecranon process and acromion process now updated to olecranon and acromion. • New discussion added on the false and true pelvis and new definition of the pelvic cavity added. • Improved coverage of ball-and-socket joints and ellipsoid joints. • New description of the temporomandibular joint. • Clarified the classification of important joints by emphasizing their major movements. • Emphasized the nucleus pulposus in the intervertebral disk illustration. • New illustration now shows the ulnar radial notch. • Color coded the ilium, ischium, and pubis figures for clarity. AboouttheAuthorr viii tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page viii 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page viii 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469 /Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefiles/Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefile
  • 11. viivii Chapter 8 • The section on connective tissue coverings of muscles has been rewritten for clarity. • Description of the banding pattern of myofibrils is now introduced before describing the organization of actin and myosin myofilaments. • An explanation of the Na+−K+ pump to explain the restoration of ion levels following an action potential. • Added voltage sensors and Ca2+ release channels to the explanation of excitation- contraction coupling. This information is used in the updated explanation of muscular fatigue. • Rewritten section “Strength of Muscle Contraction” introduces the terms “multiple-fiber summation” and “frequency summation.” • Rewritten section “Energy Sources” explains the role of creatine phosphate, anaerobic glycolysis, and aerobic respiration in exercise, plus the role of lactic acid as an energy source. • Explanation of causes of increased breathing following exercise has been improved. • New illustrations have been added to elaborate connective of muscle and frequency summation. • Muscle length and tension figure reorganized to go from macro to micro levels. Chapter 9 • Rewritten classes of levers section to make language more concise. • Figures 9.12, 9.16, 9.21, 9.24, and 9.26 have been redrawn and improved to include more accurate muscle coverage. Chapter 10 • Includes an update on the functions of astrocytes. • Introduces new terms ionotropic and metabotropic. Chapter 11 • Updates in terminology: pineal body becomes pineal gland, amygdaloid body becomes amygdale, habenular nucleus becomes haenula, dentate nucleus becomes dentate gyrus. • Layers of the dura mater are defined. • The role of insula in taste is cited. • Better use of bolding to emphasize the important blood vessels in an illustration. Chapter 19 • New comparison added of general characteristics of innate and adaptive immunity. • New section added with expanded description of innate immunity cells. • Comparison of pathogen-associated molecular patterns and antigens. • New sections on innate immunity protections against extracellular and intracellular pathogens. • Reorganized and expanded discussion of complement and how it is activated. • Defined central and peripheral lymphatic tissue. • New discussion of the genetic basis of antigen receptor variability. • Clarified the role of MHC class I and II molecules in antigen presentation. • Updated discussion and figures on the activation and differentiation of helper T cells, B cells, and cytotoxic T cells. • Updated description of immunological tolerance. • Included the role of apoptosis in innate and cell-mediated immunity. Chapter 20 • Updated respiratory areas in brainstem controlling ventilation. Chapter 21 • Updated amino acid and protein absorption in the small intestine. Chapter 22 • New discussion of anaerobic glycolysis. • Better explanation of the number of ATP molecules produced in aerobic respiration. Chapter 23 • Revised discussion of filtration pressure. • Revised tables for hypo and hyper Na+, K+, and Ca2+ levels. • New discussion and illustration of H+ secretion in the proximal convoluted tubule. Chapter 24 • The mammary gland section and corresponding figure have been revised. • Stretch reflex, Golgi tendon reflex, and withdrawal reflex figures redrawn to be more anatomically accurate. • Flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) illustration improved to emphasize production, flow, and removal of CSF. Chapter 12 • Expanded and updated discussion of memory. Chapter 13 • Modified description of the retina to accommodate an undated description of macular degeneration. • Modified illustrations to better emphasize the membranous labyrinth. Chapter 15 • Expanded comparison of endocrine and nervous systems, including the addition of a table. • Simplified discussion of how hormone secretion is regulated. • Added discussion of down-regulation and up-regulation. • Added description of ionotropic and metabotropic receptors. • Updated functions of oxytocin in females and males. • Updated text and figure for thyroid hormone synthesis. • Terminology change: intracellular receptor to nuclear receptor, pineal body to pineal gland. • Modified the calcium homeostasis figure to include the effects of calcitonin. • Modified nuclear receptor illustration to show hormone binding to receptor in nucleus. • Two new homeostasis figures added. Chapter 16 • Expanded discussion of blood compatibility test to prevent transfusion reactions. • Added microphotograph of sickle cells. • Improved process figure of hemoglobin breakdown. Chapter 18 • Figures containing the aortic arch and its branches have been redrawn to better show three separate branches. ix tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page ix 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469tat78194_fm_i-xvi.indd Page ix 12/1/10 7:21 PM user-f469 /Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefiles/Volume/201/MHDQ233/tat78194_disk1of1/0073378194/tat78194_pagefile
  • 12. A Guide to Seeley’s Principles of Anatomy and Physiology by Philip Tate was carefully designed to give students everything they need in an Anatomy and Physiology textbook and nothing more. A foundation of clear, straight-forward writing, superior artwork, critical thinking based pedagogy, and relevant clinical coverage, have all built a textbook that supports student performance, critical thinking, and optimal study. “Whether my students are more advanced or are less familiar with the material and less prepared for the level of difficulty of my course, they require and appreciate reading material that is both approachable and challenging. Tate has a knack for delivering com- plex information in a straightforward and student- friendly way.” Jennifer Scoby, Illinois Central College S E E L E Y ' S Principles of Anatomy & Physiology S E C O N D E D I T I O N Instructive Artwork Promotes Interest and Clarifies Ideas A picture is worth a thousand words—especially when you’re learning anatomy and physiology. Brilliantly rendered and care- fully reviewed for accuracy and consistency, the precisely labeled illustrations and photos provide concrete, visual reinforcement of important topics discussed throughout the text. Realistic Anatomical Art The anatomical figures in Seeley's Anatomy and Physiology have been carefully drawn to convey realistic, three-dimensional detail. Richly textured bones and artfully shaded muscles, organs, and vessels lend a sense of realism to the figures that helps students envision the appearance of actual structures within the body. Occipitofrontalis (frontal portion) Epicranial aponeurosis (galea) Temporalis fascia Temporalis Zygomatic arch Buccinator Masseter Orbicularis oris (a) Lateral view Temporalis Temporalis tendon Zygomatic arch (cut) Buccinator Orbicularis oris Masseter (cut) (b) Lateral view Superior head Temporalis tendon (cut) Inferior head Medial pterygoid Buccinator (c) Lateral view Lateral pterygoid Temporal bone Medial pterygoid plate Lateral pterygo