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Environmental worldview short
 

Environmental worldview short

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Ito na un.

Ito na un.

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    Environmental worldview short Environmental worldview short Presentation Transcript

    • What is an Environmental Worldview?
      • It is an individual’s belief about:
        • What ones own role in the world should be
        • What is a right or wrong environmental behavior (environmental ethics) and . . .
        • How the world works
      • Because of differing worldviews, 2 people might interpret the same environmental data and reach different conclusions.
      • This happens because the 2 people start with different assumptions and values .
    •  
    • What is your ecological identity?
      • To determine our ecological identities, an Environmental educator has suggested we ask ourselves the 4 basic questions below:
      • 1. Where do the things I consume come from?
      • 2. What do I know about the place where I live?
      • 3. How am I connected to the earth and other living things?
      • 4. What is my purpose and responsibility as a human being on this planet?
    • Egocentric Worldview
      • Egocentric Worldview:
      • is a belief based on the view that oneself should do everything what supports one`s own interests and profit.
      • According to Egocentric worldviews:
        • Only oneself has intrinsic value.
        • Other human & nature have instrumental value.
        • Any action is based on one´s personal wealth.
    • Anthropocentric Worldview
      • Anthropocentric Worldview:
      • is a belief based on the view that some tree, a wild species or the biosphere has value only because of its usefulness to us.
      • According to Anthropocentric worldviews:
        • Humans have intrinsic value.
        • The rest of nature has instrumental value.
        • We are in charge of the earth and can act as masters or caretakers to other species.
    • Basic beliefs of Human-centered Worldviews
      • We are the planet’s most important species and also in charge of the rest of nature.
      • The earth has an unlimited supply of resources. Even if there are shortages, we can find substitutes.
      • We can solve environmental problems with our technology
      • Our success on earth depends upon how well we can understand, control and manage earth’s life-supporting systems.
      • The potential for economic growth is limitless and more economic growth is always good.
    • Limits of human-centered worldviews
      • We do not have enough knowledge about the earth to become its managers
      • We are not aware of the total number of species on earth much less the roles the species play in maintaining ecosystems.
      • Free-market system won’t save the earth because profit maximization takes precedence over loses of earth’s capital
      • Human-centered views focus on short-term economic benefits regardless of environmental consequences
      • Spaceship view won’t work because human constructs of the earth are often over simplified.
    • Life-centered and earth-centered environmental worldviews
      • Main Beliefs:
      • These viewpoints see an intrinsic value in all forms of life, irrespective of their potential or actual uses to humans.
      • Nature exists not only for humans but for all of the earth’s species
    • Major life and earth-centered environmental worldviews
      • 1) Life-centered (biocentric) school: believes that humans have an ethical responsibility to not cause premature extinction of any species
      • Every organism has an inherent right to survive as well as having a potential economic good for human use.
      • Every organism is capable through evolution of adapting to changing environmental conditions.
    • Life and earth-centered environmental worldviews
      • 2) Earth-centered (ecocentric) school : is devoted to preserving the totality of earth’s biodiversity and the functioning of its life-supporting systems.
      • Main beliefs: We are part of the community of life and the ecological processes that sustain life.
      • We should not only preserve individual organisms but a species in a functioning ecosystem.