Environmental worldview short

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Environmental worldview short

  1. 1. What is an Environmental Worldview? <ul><li>It is an individual’s belief about: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What ones own role in the world should be </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is a right or wrong environmental behavior (environmental ethics) and . . . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How the world works </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Because of differing worldviews, 2 people might interpret the same environmental data and reach different conclusions. </li></ul><ul><li>This happens because the 2 people start with different assumptions and values . </li></ul>
  2. 3. What is your ecological identity? <ul><li>To determine our ecological identities, an Environmental educator has suggested we ask ourselves the 4 basic questions below: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Where do the things I consume come from? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What do I know about the place where I live? </li></ul><ul><li>3. How am I connected to the earth and other living things? </li></ul><ul><li>4. What is my purpose and responsibility as a human being on this planet? </li></ul>
  3. 4. Egocentric Worldview <ul><li>Egocentric Worldview: </li></ul><ul><li>is a belief based on the view that oneself should do everything what supports one`s own interests and profit. </li></ul><ul><li>According to Egocentric worldviews: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only oneself has intrinsic value. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other human & nature have instrumental value. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any action is based on one´s personal wealth. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Anthropocentric Worldview <ul><li>Anthropocentric Worldview: </li></ul><ul><li>is a belief based on the view that some tree, a wild species or the biosphere has value only because of its usefulness to us. </li></ul><ul><li>According to Anthropocentric worldviews: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humans have intrinsic value. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The rest of nature has instrumental value. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We are in charge of the earth and can act as masters or caretakers to other species. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Basic beliefs of Human-centered Worldviews <ul><li>We are the planet’s most important species and also in charge of the rest of nature. </li></ul><ul><li>The earth has an unlimited supply of resources. Even if there are shortages, we can find substitutes. </li></ul><ul><li>We can solve environmental problems with our technology </li></ul><ul><li>Our success on earth depends upon how well we can understand, control and manage earth’s life-supporting systems. </li></ul><ul><li>The potential for economic growth is limitless and more economic growth is always good. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Limits of human-centered worldviews <ul><li>We do not have enough knowledge about the earth to become its managers </li></ul><ul><li>We are not aware of the total number of species on earth much less the roles the species play in maintaining ecosystems. </li></ul><ul><li>Free-market system won’t save the earth because profit maximization takes precedence over loses of earth’s capital </li></ul><ul><li>Human-centered views focus on short-term economic benefits regardless of environmental consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Spaceship view won’t work because human constructs of the earth are often over simplified. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Life-centered and earth-centered environmental worldviews <ul><li>Main Beliefs: </li></ul><ul><li>These viewpoints see an intrinsic value in all forms of life, irrespective of their potential or actual uses to humans. </li></ul><ul><li>Nature exists not only for humans but for all of the earth’s species </li></ul>
  8. 9. Major life and earth-centered environmental worldviews <ul><li>1) Life-centered (biocentric) school: believes that humans have an ethical responsibility to not cause premature extinction of any species </li></ul><ul><li>Every organism has an inherent right to survive as well as having a potential economic good for human use. </li></ul><ul><li>Every organism is capable through evolution of adapting to changing environmental conditions. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Life and earth-centered environmental worldviews <ul><li>2) Earth-centered (ecocentric) school : is devoted to preserving the totality of earth’s biodiversity and the functioning of its life-supporting systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Main beliefs: We are part of the community of life and the ecological processes that sustain life. </li></ul><ul><li>We should not only preserve individual organisms but a species in a functioning ecosystem. </li></ul>

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