Assignment in INTRICT - Jett Robin Andres

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Assignment in INTRICT - Jett Robin Andres

  1. 1. Assignment in INTRICT<br />Submitted by:<br />Jett Robin L. Andres<br />S14<br />
  2. 2. 1. Gather materials on the net on how information systems or technology in general was used to reduce risk and mitigate risk during natural calamities.<br />Technologytoday has varieties of ways to alleviate risks during natural calamities. Most of which basically spin in the use of Space Technology.<br />Space Technologies play an important role in the reduction of catastrophes. Such technologies can be useful in the risk assessment, mitigation and preparedness phases of disaster.<br /> <br />Earth Observation Satellites are one of these Space Technologies. It should be more than enough to build people’s capacity to respond rapidly at the local level for upcoming catastrophes through communicative devices like tv, cellphones, and the internet. <br />
  3. 3. Below are some calamities listed and how<br />Space Technology is applied for mitigation:<br />Floods and Severe Storms:<br />Remote sensing helps in monitoring the cyclones and mapping geomorphic elements and land use, providing meteorological data for hydrological modelling, and contributing to mapping historical events. On a local scale, land surface data on topography, hydrograph, and roughness of fluvial material are needed. Both electro optical and microwave sensor can provide these data. Cartographic updates (DEMs) are a critical aspect of remote sensing. Weather and watershed conditions (snow pack, etc) are some of more important factors in predicting and preparing for a flooding event.<br />
  4. 4. These techniques are now<br />replaced by GPS. Near real-time application of space sensors, such as for damage mapping, when the relief agencies require imagery to locate possible victims and structures at risk is possible with resolution offered by IKONOS and Quick Bird systems.<br />Earthquake<br />Earthquake mitigation can be achieved with a better knowledge of a region’s infra- and substructures. Basic topographic, geophysical, geological and structural map can help to understand a region’s vulnerability to seismic shocks. High resolution data can play a significant role in base mapping showing location of various infrastructures. Radar and laser altimetry are useful, especially over the ocean in order to map the geoids and gravity field Laser ranging and very long baseline interferometric techniques were employed to measure fault motion.<br />
  5. 5. Ice Hazards<br />The remote sensing contribution to the ice hazard is mostly in the area of tracking and monitoring sea/lake ice. Real-time satellite data in the visible, infrared and microwave bands of spectrum are now used extensively. Space – borne SAR systems are the preferred data source in efforts to mitigate and assess the effects of this ice hazard.<br />
  6. 6. Question #2:<br />Formulate your own idea or concept of an Information System that will help the Philippine Government and the Filipinos in general. You can use pictures, drawings, images to support your concept. Creative works (your own video, your own voice recording) will be given appropriate credits.<br />
  7. 7. PAGASA<br />Government<br />Telecoms<br />Public<br />Catastrophe<br />
  8. 8. My idea pretty much goes the same with the majority -- sending catastrophe precautions via GPS on mobile phones.<br />Mobile phones because first of all, most of our population today posses the device. It endows fast information transmission anytime, anywhere.<br />Only difference is that there'll be additional statistics such as:<br />Time remaining before disaster (e.g. 5 hours and 30 seconds before landfall), Speed of the said Catastrophe towards the country (300km/s), it’s Magnitude (if it’d be an earthquake) and it’s Typhoon Signal. <br />I’d also like to recommend a GPS mapping wherein you can access the city map for the closest evacuation center near you. Also, in times of despair, (e.g. trapped in a building due to high magnitude earthquake) the user can pinpoint his exact location via this map and send it directly to anyone including the government officials for immediate rescue. <br />
  9. 9. Resource:<br />http://www.iemss.org/iemss2006/papers/s11/288_RUKIEH_0.pdfhttp://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/archives/ndht.php#earth<br />

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