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Outdoor & Environmental Studies Revision Unit 4 Methods of influence
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Outdoor & Environmental Studies Revision Unit 4

Outdoor & Environmental Studies Revision Unit 4
AOS 2
KK 2 Methods of influence

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  • THE METHODS OF NONVIOLENT PROTEST AND PERSUASIONFORMAL STATEMENTSPublic speechesLetters of opposition or supportDeclarations by organizations and institutionsSigned public declarationsDeclarations of indictment and intentionGroup or mass petitionsCOMMUNICATIONS WITH A WIDER AUDIENCESlogans, caricatures, and symbolsBanners, posters, and displayed communicationsLeaflets, pamphlets, and booksNewspapers and journalsRecords, radio, and televisionSkywriting and earthwritingGROUP REPRESENTATIONSDeputationsMock awardsGroup lobbyingPicketingMock electionsSYMBOLIC PUBLIC ACTSDisplays of flags and symbolic coloursWearing of symbolsPrayer and worshipDelivering symbolic objectsProtest disrobingsDestruction of own propertySymbolic lightsDisplays of portraitsPaint as protestNew signs and namesSymbolic soundsSymbolic reclamationsRude gesturesPRESSURES ON INDIVIDUALS“Haunting” officialsTaunting officialsFraternizationVigilsDRAMA AND MUSICHumourous skits and pranksPerformances of plays and musicSingingPROCESSIONSMarchesParadesReligious processionsPilgrimagesMotorcadesHONOURING THE DEADPolitical mourningMock funeralsDemonstrative funeralsHomage at burial placesPUBLIC ASSEMBLIESAssemblies of protest or supportProtest meetingsCamouflaged meetings of protestTeach-insWITHDRAWAL AND RENUNCIATIONWalk-outsSilenceRenouncing honoursTurning one’s backTHE METHODS OF SOCIAL NONCOOPERATIONOSTRACISM OF PERSONSSocial boycottSelective social boycottLysistraticnonactionExcommunicationInterdictNONCOOPERATION WITH SOCIAL EVENTS, CUSTOMS, AND INSTITUTIONSSuspension of social and sports activitiesBoycott of social affairsStudent strikeSocial disobedienceWithdrawal from social institutionsWITHDRAWAL FROM THE SOCIAL SYSTEMStay-at-homeTotal personal noncooperation“Flight” of workersSanctuaryCollective disappearanceProtest emigration (hijrat)THE METHODS OF ECONOMIC NONCOOPERATION: ECONOMIC BOYCOTTSACTION BY CONSUMERSConsumers’ boycottNonconsumption of boycotted goodsPolicy of austerityRent withholdingRefusal to rentNational consumers’ boycottInternational consumers’ boycottACTION BY WORKERS AND PRODUCERSWorkers’ boycottProducers’ boycottACTION BY MIDDLEMENSuppliers’ and handlers’ boycottACTION BY OWNERS AND MANAGEMENTTraders’ boycottRefusal to let or sell propertyLockoutRefusal of industrial assistanceMerchants’ “general strike”ACTION BY HOLDERS OF FINANCIAL RESOURCESWithdrawal of bank depositsRefusal to pay fees, dues, and assessmentsRefusal to pay debts or interestSeverance of funds and creditRevenue refusalRefusal of a government’s moneyACTION BY GOVERNMENTSDomestic embargoBlacklisting of tradersInternational sellers’ embargoInternational buyers’ embargoInternational trade embargoTHE METHODS OF ECONOMIC NONCOOOPERATION: THE STRIKESYMBOLIC STRIKESProtest strikeQuickie walkout (lightning strike)AGRICULTURAL STRIKESPeasant strikeFarm workers’ strikeSTRIKES BY SPECIAL GROUPSRefusal of impressed labourPrisoners’ strikeCraft strikeProfessional strikeORDINARY INDUSTRIAL STRIKESEstablishment strikeIndustry strikeSympathy strikeRESTRICTED STRIKESDetailed strikeBumper strikeSlowdown strikeWorking-to-rule strikeReporting “sick” (sick-in)Strike by resignationLimited strikeSelective strikeMULTI-INDUSTRY STRIKESGeneralised strikeGeneral strikeCOMBINATION OF STRIKES AND ECONOMIC CLOSURESHartalEconomic shutdownTHE METHODS OF POLITICAL NONCOOPERATIONREJECTION OF AUTHORITYWithholding or withdrawal of allegianceRefusal of public supportLiterature and speeches advocating resistanceCITIZENS’ NONCOOPERATION WITH GOVERNMENTBoycott of legislative bodiesBoycott of electionsBoycott of government employment and positionsBoycott of government departments, agencies, and other bodiesWithdrawal from governmental educational institutionsBoycott of government-supported institutionsRefusal of assistance to enforcement agentsRemoval of own signs and placemarksRefusal to accept appointed officialsRefusal to dissolve existing institutionsCITIZENS’ ALTERNATIVES TO OBEDIENCEReluctant and slow complianceNonobedience in absence of direct supervisionPopular nonobedienceDisguised disobedienceRefusal of an assemblage or meeting to disperseSitdownNoncooperation with conscription and deportationHiding, escape, and false identitiesCivil disobedience of “illegitimate” lawsACTION BY GOVERNMENT PERSONNELSelective refusal of assistance by government aidesBlocking of lines of command and informationStalling and obstructionGeneral administrative noncooperationJudicial noncooperationDeliberate inefficiency and selective noncooperation by enforcement agentsMutinyDOMESTIC GOVERNMENTAL ACTIONQuasi-legal evasions and delaysNoncooperation by constituent governmental unitsINTERNATIONAL GOVERNMENTAL ACTIONChanges in diplomatic and other representationDelay and cancellation of diplomatic eventsWithholding of diplomatic recognitionSeverance of diplomatic relationsWithdrawal from international organisationsRefusal of membership in international bodiesExpulsion from international organisationsTHE METHODS OF NONVIOLENT INTERVENTIONPSYCHOLOGICAL INTERVENTIONSelf-exposure to the elementsThe fast Fast of moral pressureHunger strikeSatyagrahic fastReverse trialNonviolent harassmentPHYSICAL INTERVENTIONSit-inStand-inRide-inWade-inMill-inPray-inNonviolent raidsNonviolent air raidsNonviolent invasionNonviolent interjectionNonviolent obstructionNonviolent occupationSOCIAL INTERVENTIONEstablishing new social patternsOverloading of facilitiesStall-inSpeak-inGuerrilla theatreAlternative social institutionsAlternative communication systemECONOMIC INTERVENTIONReverse strikeStay-in strikeNonviolent land seizureDefiance of blockadesPolitically motivated counterfeitingPreclusive purchasingSeizure of assetsDumpingSelective patronageAlternative marketsAlternative transportation systemsAlternative economic institutionsPOLITICAL INTERVENTIONOverloading of administrative systemsDisclosing identities of secret agentsSeeking imprisonmentCivil disobedience of “neutral” lawsWork-on without collaborationDual sovereignty and parallel government​​​​​
  • THE METHODS OF NONVIOLENT PROTEST AND PERSUASIONFORMAL STATEMENTSPublic speechesLetters of opposition or supportDeclarations by organizations and institutionsSigned public declarationsDeclarations of indictment and intentionGroup or mass petitionsCOMMUNICATIONS WITH A WIDER AUDIENCESlogans, caricatures, and symbolsBanners, posters, and displayed communicationsLeaflets, pamphlets, and booksNewspapers and journalsRecords, radio, and televisionSkywriting and earthwritingGROUP REPRESENTATIONSDeputationsMock awardsGroup lobbyingPicketingMock electionsSYMBOLIC PUBLIC ACTSDisplays of flags and symbolic coloursWearing of symbolsPrayer and worshipDelivering symbolic objectsProtest disrobingsDestruction of own propertySymbolic lightsDisplays of portraitsPaint as protestNew signs and namesSymbolic soundsSymbolic reclamationsRude gesturesPRESSURES ON INDIVIDUALS“Haunting” officialsTaunting officialsFraternizationVigilsDRAMA AND MUSICHumourous skits and pranksPerformances of plays and musicSingingPROCESSIONSMarchesParadesReligious processionsPilgrimagesMotorcadesHONOURING THE DEADPolitical mourningMock funeralsDemonstrative funeralsHomage at burial placesPUBLIC ASSEMBLIESAssemblies of protest or supportProtest meetingsCamouflaged meetings of protestTeach-insWITHDRAWAL AND RENUNCIATIONWalk-outsSilenceRenouncing honoursTurning one’s backTHE METHODS OF SOCIAL NONCOOPERATIONOSTRACISM OF PERSONSSocial boycottSelective social boycottLysistraticnonactionExcommunicationInterdictNONCOOPERATION WITH SOCIAL EVENTS, CUSTOMS, AND INSTITUTIONSSuspension of social and sports activitiesBoycott of social affairsStudent strikeSocial disobedienceWithdrawal from social institutionsWITHDRAWAL FROM THE SOCIAL SYSTEMStay-at-homeTotal personal noncooperation“Flight” of workersSanctuaryCollective disappearanceProtest emigration (hijrat)THE METHODS OF ECONOMIC NONCOOPERATION: ECONOMIC BOYCOTTSACTION BY CONSUMERSConsumers’ boycottNonconsumption of boycotted goodsPolicy of austerityRent withholdingRefusal to rentNational consumers’ boycottInternational consumers’ boycottACTION BY WORKERS AND PRODUCERSWorkers’ boycottProducers’ boycottACTION BY MIDDLEMENSuppliers’ and handlers’ boycottACTION BY OWNERS AND MANAGEMENTTraders’ boycottRefusal to let or sell propertyLockoutRefusal of industrial assistanceMerchants’ “general strike”ACTION BY HOLDERS OF FINANCIAL RESOURCESWithdrawal of bank depositsRefusal to pay fees, dues, and assessmentsRefusal to pay debts or interestSeverance of funds and creditRevenue refusalRefusal of a government’s moneyACTION BY GOVERNMENTSDomestic embargoBlacklisting of tradersInternational sellers’ embargoInternational buyers’ embargoInternational trade embargoTHE METHODS OF ECONOMIC NONCOOOPERATION: THE STRIKESYMBOLIC STRIKESProtest strikeQuickie walkout (lightning strike)AGRICULTURAL STRIKESPeasant strikeFarm workers’ strikeSTRIKES BY SPECIAL GROUPSRefusal of impressed labourPrisoners’ strikeCraft strikeProfessional strikeORDINARY INDUSTRIAL STRIKESEstablishment strikeIndustry strikeSympathy strikeRESTRICTED STRIKESDetailed strikeBumper strikeSlowdown strikeWorking-to-rule strikeReporting “sick” (sick-in)Strike by resignationLimited strikeSelective strikeMULTI-INDUSTRY STRIKESGeneralised strikeGeneral strikeCOMBINATION OF STRIKES AND ECONOMIC CLOSURESHartalEconomic shutdownTHE METHODS OF POLITICAL NONCOOPERATIONREJECTION OF AUTHORITYWithholding or withdrawal of allegianceRefusal of public supportLiterature and speeches advocating resistanceCITIZENS’ NONCOOPERATION WITH GOVERNMENTBoycott of legislative bodiesBoycott of electionsBoycott of government employment and positionsBoycott of government departments, agencies, and other bodiesWithdrawal from governmental educational institutionsBoycott of government-supported institutionsRefusal of assistance to enforcement agentsRemoval of own signs and placemarksRefusal to accept appointed officialsRefusal to dissolve existing institutionsCITIZENS’ ALTERNATIVES TO OBEDIENCEReluctant and slow complianceNonobedience in absence of direct supervisionPopular nonobedienceDisguised disobedienceRefusal of an assemblage or meeting to disperseSitdownNoncooperation with conscription and deportationHiding, escape, and false identitiesCivil disobedience of “illegitimate” lawsACTION BY GOVERNMENT PERSONNELSelective refusal of assistance by government aidesBlocking of lines of command and informationStalling and obstructionGeneral administrative noncooperationJudicial noncooperationDeliberate inefficiency and selective noncooperation by enforcement agentsMutinyDOMESTIC GOVERNMENTAL ACTIONQuasi-legal evasions and delaysNoncooperation by constituent governmental unitsINTERNATIONAL GOVERNMENTAL ACTIONChanges in diplomatic and other representationDelay and cancellation of diplomatic eventsWithholding of diplomatic recognitionSeverance of diplomatic relationsWithdrawal from international organisationsRefusal of membership in international bodiesExpulsion from international organisationsTHE METHODS OF NONVIOLENT INTERVENTIONPSYCHOLOGICAL INTERVENTIONSelf-exposure to the elementsThe fast Fast of moral pressureHunger strikeSatyagrahic fastReverse trialNonviolent harassmentPHYSICAL INTERVENTIONSit-inStand-inRide-inWade-inMill-inPray-inNonviolent raidsNonviolent air raidsNonviolent invasionNonviolent interjectionNonviolent obstructionNonviolent occupationSOCIAL INTERVENTIONEstablishing new social patternsOverloading of facilitiesStall-inSpeak-inGuerrilla theatreAlternative social institutionsAlternative communication systemECONOMIC INTERVENTIONReverse strikeStay-in strikeNonviolent land seizureDefiance of blockadesPolitically motivated counterfeitingPreclusive purchasingSeizure of assetsDumpingSelective patronageAlternative marketsAlternative transportation systemsAlternative economic institutionsPOLITICAL INTERVENTIONOverloading of administrative systemsDisclosing identities of secret agentsSeeking imprisonmentCivil disobedience of “neutral” lawsWork-on without collaborationDual sovereignty and parallel government​​​​​
  • THE METHODS OF NONVIOLENT PROTEST AND PERSUASIONFORMAL STATEMENTSPublic speechesLetters of opposition or supportDeclarations by organizations and institutionsSigned public declarationsDeclarations of indictment and intentionGroup or mass petitionsCOMMUNICATIONS WITH A WIDER AUDIENCESlogans, caricatures, and symbolsBanners, posters, and displayed communicationsLeaflets, pamphlets, and booksNewspapers and journalsRecords, radio, and televisionSkywriting and earthwritingGROUP REPRESENTATIONSDeputationsMock awardsGroup lobbyingPicketingMock electionsSYMBOLIC PUBLIC ACTSDisplays of flags and symbolic coloursWearing of symbolsPrayer and worshipDelivering symbolic objectsProtest disrobingsDestruction of own propertySymbolic lightsDisplays of portraitsPaint as protestNew signs and namesSymbolic soundsSymbolic reclamationsRude gesturesPRESSURES ON INDIVIDUALS“Haunting” officialsTaunting officialsFraternizationVigilsDRAMA AND MUSICHumourous skits and pranksPerformances of plays and musicSingingPROCESSIONSMarchesParadesReligious processionsPilgrimagesMotorcadesHONOURING THE DEADPolitical mourningMock funeralsDemonstrative funeralsHomage at burial placesPUBLIC ASSEMBLIESAssemblies of protest or supportProtest meetingsCamouflaged meetings of protestTeach-insWITHDRAWAL AND RENUNCIATIONWalk-outsSilenceRenouncing honoursTurning one’s backTHE METHODS OF SOCIAL NONCOOPERATIONOSTRACISM OF PERSONSSocial boycottSelective social boycottLysistraticnonactionExcommunicationInterdictNONCOOPERATION WITH SOCIAL EVENTS, CUSTOMS, AND INSTITUTIONSSuspension of social and sports activitiesBoycott of social affairsStudent strikeSocial disobedienceWithdrawal from social institutionsWITHDRAWAL FROM THE SOCIAL SYSTEMStay-at-homeTotal personal noncooperation“Flight” of workersSanctuaryCollective disappearanceProtest emigration (hijrat)THE METHODS OF ECONOMIC NONCOOPERATION: ECONOMIC BOYCOTTSACTION BY CONSUMERSConsumers’ boycottNonconsumption of boycotted goodsPolicy of austerityRent withholdingRefusal to rentNational consumers’ boycottInternational consumers’ boycottACTION BY WORKERS AND PRODUCERSWorkers’ boycottProducers’ boycottACTION BY MIDDLEMENSuppliers’ and handlers’ boycottACTION BY OWNERS AND MANAGEMENTTraders’ boycottRefusal to let or sell propertyLockoutRefusal of industrial assistanceMerchants’ “general strike”ACTION BY HOLDERS OF FINANCIAL RESOURCESWithdrawal of bank depositsRefusal to pay fees, dues, and assessmentsRefusal to pay debts or interestSeverance of funds and creditRevenue refusalRefusal of a government’s moneyACTION BY GOVERNMENTSDomestic embargoBlacklisting of tradersInternational sellers’ embargoInternational buyers’ embargoInternational trade embargoTHE METHODS OF ECONOMIC NONCOOOPERATION: THE STRIKESYMBOLIC STRIKESProtest strikeQuickie walkout (lightning strike)AGRICULTURAL STRIKESPeasant strikeFarm workers’ strikeSTRIKES BY SPECIAL GROUPSRefusal of impressed labourPrisoners’ strikeCraft strikeProfessional strikeORDINARY INDUSTRIAL STRIKESEstablishment strikeIndustry strikeSympathy strikeRESTRICTED STRIKESDetailed strikeBumper strikeSlowdown strikeWorking-to-rule strikeReporting “sick” (sick-in)Strike by resignationLimited strikeSelective strikeMULTI-INDUSTRY STRIKESGeneralised strikeGeneral strikeCOMBINATION OF STRIKES AND ECONOMIC CLOSURESHartalEconomic shutdownTHE METHODS OF POLITICAL NONCOOPERATIONREJECTION OF AUTHORITYWithholding or withdrawal of allegianceRefusal of public supportLiterature and speeches advocating resistanceCITIZENS’ NONCOOPERATION WITH GOVERNMENTBoycott of legislative bodiesBoycott of electionsBoycott of government employment and positionsBoycott of government departments, agencies, and other bodiesWithdrawal from governmental educational institutionsBoycott of government-supported institutionsRefusal of assistance to enforcement agentsRemoval of own signs and placemarksRefusal to accept appointed officialsRefusal to dissolve existing institutionsCITIZENS’ ALTERNATIVES TO OBEDIENCEReluctant and slow complianceNonobedience in absence of direct supervisionPopular nonobedienceDisguised disobedienceRefusal of an assemblage or meeting to disperseSitdownNoncooperation with conscription and deportationHiding, escape, and false identitiesCivil disobedience of “illegitimate” lawsACTION BY GOVERNMENT PERSONNELSelective refusal of assistance by government aidesBlocking of lines of command and informationStalling and obstructionGeneral administrative noncooperationJudicial noncooperationDeliberate inefficiency and selective noncooperation by enforcement agentsMutinyDOMESTIC GOVERNMENTAL ACTIONQuasi-legal evasions and delaysNoncooperation by constituent governmental unitsINTERNATIONAL GOVERNMENTAL ACTIONChanges in diplomatic and other representationDelay and cancellation of diplomatic eventsWithholding of diplomatic recognitionSeverance of diplomatic relationsWithdrawal from international organisationsRefusal of membership in international bodiesExpulsion from international organisationsTHE METHODS OF NONVIOLENT INTERVENTIONPSYCHOLOGICAL INTERVENTIONSelf-exposure to the elementsThe fast Fast of moral pressureHunger strikeSatyagrahic fastReverse trialNonviolent harassmentPHYSICAL INTERVENTIONSit-inStand-inRide-inWade-inMill-inPray-inNonviolent raidsNonviolent air raidsNonviolent invasionNonviolent interjectionNonviolent obstructionNonviolent occupationSOCIAL INTERVENTIONEstablishing new social patternsOverloading of facilitiesStall-inSpeak-inGuerrilla theatreAlternative social institutionsAlternative communication systemECONOMIC INTERVENTIONReverse strikeStay-in strikeNonviolent land seizureDefiance of blockadesPolitically motivated counterfeitingPreclusive purchasingSeizure of assetsDumpingSelective patronageAlternative marketsAlternative transportation systemsAlternative economic institutionsPOLITICAL INTERVENTIONOverloading of administrative systemsDisclosing identities of secret agentsSeeking imprisonmentCivil disobedience of “neutral” lawsWork-on without collaborationDual sovereignty and parallel government​​​​​
  • THE METHODS OF NONVIOLENT PROTEST AND PERSUASIONFORMAL STATEMENTSPublic speechesLetters of opposition or supportDeclarations by organizations and institutionsSigned public declarationsDeclarations of indictment and intentionGroup or mass petitionsCOMMUNICATIONS WITH A WIDER AUDIENCESlogans, caricatures, and symbolsBanners, posters, and displayed communicationsLeaflets, pamphlets, and booksNewspapers and journalsRecords, radio, and televisionSkywriting and earthwritingGROUP REPRESENTATIONSDeputationsMock awardsGroup lobbyingPicketingMock electionsSYMBOLIC PUBLIC ACTSDisplays of flags and symbolic coloursWearing of symbolsPrayer and worshipDelivering symbolic objectsProtest disrobingsDestruction of own propertySymbolic lightsDisplays of portraitsPaint as protestNew signs and namesSymbolic soundsSymbolic reclamationsRude gesturesPRESSURES ON INDIVIDUALS“Haunting” officialsTaunting officialsFraternizationVigilsDRAMA AND MUSICHumourous skits and pranksPerformances of plays and musicSingingPROCESSIONSMarchesParadesReligious processionsPilgrimagesMotorcadesHONOURING THE DEADPolitical mourningMock funeralsDemonstrative funeralsHomage at burial placesPUBLIC ASSEMBLIESAssemblies of protest or supportProtest meetingsCamouflaged meetings of protestTeach-insWITHDRAWAL AND RENUNCIATIONWalk-outsSilenceRenouncing honoursTurning one’s backTHE METHODS OF SOCIAL NONCOOPERATIONOSTRACISM OF PERSONSSocial boycottSelective social boycottLysistraticnonactionExcommunicationInterdictNONCOOPERATION WITH SOCIAL EVENTS, CUSTOMS, AND INSTITUTIONSSuspension of social and sports activitiesBoycott of social affairsStudent strikeSocial disobedienceWithdrawal from social institutionsWITHDRAWAL FROM THE SOCIAL SYSTEMStay-at-homeTotal personal noncooperation“Flight” of workersSanctuaryCollective disappearanceProtest emigration (hijrat)THE METHODS OF ECONOMIC NONCOOPERATION: ECONOMIC BOYCOTTSACTION BY CONSUMERSConsumers’ boycottNonconsumption of boycotted goodsPolicy of austerityRent withholdingRefusal to rentNational consumers’ boycottInternational consumers’ boycottACTION BY WORKERS AND PRODUCERSWorkers’ boycottProducers’ boycottACTION BY MIDDLEMENSuppliers’ and handlers’ boycottACTION BY OWNERS AND MANAGEMENTTraders’ boycottRefusal to let or sell propertyLockoutRefusal of industrial assistanceMerchants’ “general strike”ACTION BY HOLDERS OF FINANCIAL RESOURCESWithdrawal of bank depositsRefusal to pay fees, dues, and assessmentsRefusal to pay debts or interestSeverance of funds and creditRevenue refusalRefusal of a government’s moneyACTION BY GOVERNMENTSDomestic embargoBlacklisting of tradersInternational sellers’ embargoInternational buyers’ embargoInternational trade embargoTHE METHODS OF ECONOMIC NONCOOOPERATION: THE STRIKESYMBOLIC STRIKESProtest strikeQuickie walkout (lightning strike)AGRICULTURAL STRIKESPeasant strikeFarm workers’ strikeSTRIKES BY SPECIAL GROUPSRefusal of impressed labourPrisoners’ strikeCraft strikeProfessional strikeORDINARY INDUSTRIAL STRIKESEstablishment strikeIndustry strikeSympathy strikeRESTRICTED STRIKESDetailed strikeBumper strikeSlowdown strikeWorking-to-rule strikeReporting “sick” (sick-in)Strike by resignationLimited strikeSelective strikeMULTI-INDUSTRY STRIKESGeneralised strikeGeneral strikeCOMBINATION OF STRIKES AND ECONOMIC CLOSURESHartalEconomic shutdownTHE METHODS OF POLITICAL NONCOOPERATIONREJECTION OF AUTHORITYWithholding or withdrawal of allegianceRefusal of public supportLiterature and speeches advocating resistanceCITIZENS’ NONCOOPERATION WITH GOVERNMENTBoycott of legislative bodiesBoycott of electionsBoycott of government employment and positionsBoycott of government departments, agencies, and other bodiesWithdrawal from governmental educational institutionsBoycott of government-supported institutionsRefusal of assistance to enforcement agentsRemoval of own signs and placemarksRefusal to accept appointed officialsRefusal to dissolve existing institutionsCITIZENS’ ALTERNATIVES TO OBEDIENCEReluctant and slow complianceNonobedience in absence of direct supervisionPopular nonobedienceDisguised disobedienceRefusal of an assemblage or meeting to disperseSitdownNoncooperation with conscription and deportationHiding, escape, and false identitiesCivil disobedience of “illegitimate” lawsACTION BY GOVERNMENT PERSONNELSelective refusal of assistance by government aidesBlocking of lines of command and informationStalling and obstructionGeneral administrative noncooperationJudicial noncooperationDeliberate inefficiency and selective noncooperation by enforcement agentsMutinyDOMESTIC GOVERNMENTAL ACTIONQuasi-legal evasions and delaysNoncooperation by constituent governmental unitsINTERNATIONAL GOVERNMENTAL ACTIONChanges in diplomatic and other representationDelay and cancellation of diplomatic eventsWithholding of diplomatic recognitionSeverance of diplomatic relationsWithdrawal from international organisationsRefusal of membership in international bodiesExpulsion from international organisationsTHE METHODS OF NONVIOLENT INTERVENTIONPSYCHOLOGICAL INTERVENTIONSelf-exposure to the elementsThe fast Fast of moral pressureHunger strikeSatyagrahic fastReverse trialNonviolent harassmentPHYSICAL INTERVENTIONSit-inStand-inRide-inWade-inMill-inPray-inNonviolent raidsNonviolent air raidsNonviolent invasionNonviolent interjectionNonviolent obstructionNonviolent occupationSOCIAL INTERVENTIONEstablishing new social patternsOverloading of facilitiesStall-inSpeak-inGuerrilla theatreAlternative social institutionsAlternative communication systemECONOMIC INTERVENTIONReverse strikeStay-in strikeNonviolent land seizureDefiance of blockadesPolitically motivated counterfeitingPreclusive purchasingSeizure of assetsDumpingSelective patronageAlternative marketsAlternative transportation systemsAlternative economic institutionsPOLITICAL INTERVENTIONOverloading of administrative systemsDisclosing identities of secret agentsSeeking imprisonmentCivil disobedience of “neutral” lawsWork-on without collaborationDual sovereignty and parallel government​​​​​

Outdoor & Environmental Studies Revision Unit 4 Methods of influence Outdoor & Environmental Studies Revision Unit 4 Methods of influence Presentation Transcript

  • VCEOutdoor and Environmental Studies Study Cards – Unit 4 AOS 2.2 Methods used to influence decisions Revision and Review Study Design 2012-2016 Utilising materials including data from VCAA Created by John Pahlow 1
  • Key knowledgeThe methods used by individuals and groups to influencedecisions about the use of outdoor environments Created by John Pahlow 2
  • The methods used by individuals and groups to influence decisions about the use of outdoor environments Links  Peace Magazine: The Methods of Nonviolent Action  Albert Einstein Institution - 198 Methods of Nonviolent Action  Lobbying for the Environment - Environmental Defenders Office Created by John Pahlow 3
  • The methods used … the Franklin Created by John Pahlow 4
  • The methods used … the Franklin Created by John Pahlow 5
  • Some examples of the methods used … Grazing Alpine areas  Desalination Plant  Cows stage protest over Alpine  Protest Desalination Plant at grazing Wonthaggi - a set on Flickr  Mountain Cattlemen protest  Concern grows over Wonthaggi through Alpine National Park desal plant | Green Left Weekly  Baillieu takes alpine cattle trial to  Why you should oppose a court Desalination plant for Melbourne - YouTube  Bass Coast news - Bass Coast Post  Protesters lobby ambassador | The Star  Seven fined over desalination protest - ABC News  Watershed Victoria Created by John Pahlow 6
  • Questions …. in review1. Define the following terms 1. Influence 2. Decision maker2. Name as many general types of influence available.3. Who tried to influence the decision makers in the following decisions? 1. Marine national parks and sanctuaries (Victoria) 2. Franklin River campaign (Tasmania) 3. Grazing in the Alpine National Park (Victoria) 4. Desalination plant at Wonthaggi (Victoria)4. Who was the ULTIMATE decision maker in each of the following 1. Marine national parks and sanctuaries (Victoria) 2. Franklin River campaign (Tasmania) 3. Grazing in the Alpine National Park (Victoria) 4. Desalination plant at Wonthaggi (Victoria)5. Was the “environmentally interested” individual &/or group able to positively influence the decision maker in each of the following; if so, why; if not why not? 1. Marine national parks and sanctuaries (Victoria) 2. Franklin River campaign (Tasmania) 3. Grazing in the Alpine National Park (Victoria) 4. Desalination plant at Wonthaggi (Victoria) Created by John Pahlow 7