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The Persian Gulf War

The Persian Gulf War



A Persian Gulf War chronology.

A Persian Gulf War chronology.



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    The Persian Gulf War The Persian Gulf War Presentation Transcript

    • Persian Gulf War: The War Over OilJames Tarver – EDTC 614
    • July 1990• “Internal Look”, a U.S. war game, shows Saudi Arabia could be defended against Iraqi invaders, but at terrible cost.
    • Aug 2, 1990• Iraq invades Kuwait.
    • Aug 5, 1990• President Bush declares invasion "will not stand."
    • Aug 6, 1990• King Fahd meets with Richard Cheney, requests U.S. military assistance.
    • Aug 8, 1990• Initial U.S. Air force fighter planes arrive in Saudi Arabia.
    • Aug 10, 1990• John Warden first meets with Schwarzkopf in Tampa to outline proposed air campaign.
    • Aug 28, 1990• Secret Israeli delegation flies to Washington to stress likelihood of Iraqi attack on Israel if war begins.
    • Sept 18, 1990• Schwarzkopf asks four Army planners to begin work on ground offensive.
    • Oct 10, 1990• CENTCOMs One Corps Concept unveiled at White House.
    • Oct 21, 1990• Colin Powell flies to Riyadh to discuss offensive plans.
    • Oct 31, 1990• Bush decides to double U.S. forces in Saudi Arabia; decision kept secret until November 8.
    • Nov 29, 1990• UN Security Council authorizes use of "all means necessary" to eject Iraq from Kuwait.
    • Dec 6, 1990• First ship carrying VII Corps equipment arrives in Saudi Arabia from Germany.
    • Jan 9, 1991• James Baker meets Tariq Aziz in Geneva in unsuccessful effort to find a peaceful solution.
    • Jan 12, 1991• Congress authorizes use of force.
    • Jan 15, 1991• UN deadline for Iraqi withdrawal. Schwarzkopf accuses Air Force of ignoring orders by not including Republican Guard in initial bombing sorties.
    • Jan 17, 1991• Allied attack begins with Apache strike at 2:38 A.M.
    • Jan 18, 1991• First Scuds hit Israel. Navy aircraft losses during attack on Scud sites leads to recriminations about low-altitude bombing tactics. First American air attacks are launched from Turkey.
    • Jan 19, 1991• David Eberly and Thomas Griffith are shot down.
    • Jan 20, 1991• Lawrence Eagleburger and Paul Wolfowitz arrive in Tel Aviv.
    • Jan 22, 1991• Navy attacks Iraqi oil tanker, triggering Schwarzkopfs threat of court-martial. British high command, alarmed at aircraft losses, abandons low-altitude attacks against airfields.
    • Jan 23, 1991• Intense attack against Iraqi aircraft shelters begins.
    • Jan 26, 1991• U.S. Marines in Oman participate in Sea Soldier IV, rehearsal for amphibious landing on Kuwaiti coast.• F-111s attack oil manifolds at Al Ahmadi in effort to counter Iraqi sabotage.
    • Jan 29, 1991• Iraqis attack Khafji and other border positions. Allied pilots begin flying combat air patrols to thwart Iraqi flights to Iran.
    • Jan 30, 1991• Richard Cheney dispatches Delta Force to Saudi Arabia to hunt for Scuds.
    • Jan 31, 1991• Khafji is recaptured. David Eberly is moved to new prison, the "Biltmore."
    • Feb 1, 1991• Last Tomahawk missiles are launched in attack on Baghdad airfield.
    • Feb 2, 1991• Schwarzkopf formally decides against amphibious landing in Kuwait.
    • Feb 3, 1991• First battleship gunfire against targets in Kuwait.
    • Feb 5, 1991• First "tank-plinking" mission flown.
    • Feb 6, 1991• VII corps finishes closing in theater with arrival of final 3rd Armored Division equipment.
    • Feb 7, 1991• CIA, in daily intelligence brief, notes large discrepancy between Washington and Riyadh regarding destruction of Iraqi armor in air attacks.
    • Feb 8, 1991• Cheney and Powell fly to Riyadh for final review of ground war plans.
    • Feb 11, 1991• Al Firdos bunker in Baghdad suburb added to master attack plan. Moshe Arens in Washington complains about ineffectiveness of Patriot missile against Scuds. Yevgeni Primakov arrives in Baghdad to urge Iraqi withdrawal.
    • Feb 13, 1991• Strike on Al Firdos bunker kills more than two hundred civilians and leads to restrictions on strategic bombing campaign.
    • Feb 15, 1991• Radio Baghdad suggests Iraq willing to withdraw, Bush rejects proposal as a "cruel hoax."
    • Feb 16, 1991• VII Corps moves into final attack positions.
    • Feb 18, 1991• U.S.S. Tripoli and U.S.S. Princeton strike mines. Army complaints about insufficient air support lead to confrontation with Air Force.
    • Feb 20, 1991• 1st Cavalry Division feints up the Wadi al Batin; pulls back with three dead and nine wounded.
    • Feb 21, 1991• CIA and Pentagon officials meet at White House to air differences over battle-damage assessment. Bush sets deadline of noon, February 23, for Iraqi withdrawal.
    • Feb 22, 1991• Marines begin infiltrating into Kuwaiti boot- heel.
    • Feb 23, 1991• Stealth fighters attack Iraqi intelligence headquarters, unaware that allied POWs are inside. Army Special Forces teams inserted deep into Iraq.
    • Feb 24, 1991• Ground attack begins. Schwarzkopf decides to accelerate main attack of VII Corps by fifteen hours.
    • Feb 25, 1991• Schwarzkopf explodes at slow pace of VII Corps. 101st Airborne Division cuts Highway 8 in Euphrates Valley. Iraqis counterattack 1st Marine Division. Scud destroys barracks in Al Khobar, killing twenty- eight Americans and wounding ninety-eight.
    • Feb 26, 1991• Iraqis flee Kuwait City. VII Corps hits Republican Guard in Battle of 73 Easting.
    • Feb 28, 1991• Cease-fire takes effect at 8 A.M.
    • Mar 2, 1991• 24th Infantry Division fights Hammurabi Division as it flees; destroys six hundred vehicles.
    • Mar 3, 1991• Schwarzkopf meets Iraqi generals at Safwan.
    • Mar 5, 1991• David Eberly and most other POWs are released.
    • June 8, 1991• Victory parade in Washington.
    • Reference• Atkinson, R. (1993). Crusade: the untold story of the Persian Gulf War. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.