The XI Summer Olympic Games of themodern age were held in Berlin, Germany,between 1 and 16 of August 1936, during theperiod of the Third German Empire.Participated 4066 athletes (3738 men and 328women) from 49 countries who competed in 19sports and 129 specialties. Hitler saw the Games as an opportunity topromote his government and ideals of racialsupremacy, and he wrote that Jews and Blackpeople should not be allowed to participate inthe Games. However, when other nationsthreatened with a boycott of the Games, herelented and allowed Black people and Jews toparticipate. Spain boycotted these games and didntparticipate.
Jesse Owens was an American athletefrom African, which winning 4 goldmedals in 100 meters, 200 meters, longjump and as a participant of thewinning team in athletism in 4x100 m. Hitler and other members of thegovernment have high hopes thatGerman athletes dominate the gameswith victories, but Owens cause asurprise by winning four gold medals.Hitler refused to give the medal for the100m and it says that whispered thatAmericans should be embarrassed ofthemselves to let compete at a "black"for them.
German gymnasts Konrad Freyand Alfred Schwarzmann both wonthree gold medals. Jesse Owens won four gold medalsand his German competitor LuzLong offered Owens advice after healmost failed to qualify in the longjump. The effort of Zamperini caughtthe attention of Adolf Hitler whopersonally commended him. In one of the most dramatic 800meter races in history, AmericanJohn Woodruff won gold.
The following countries participated in the games:Afghanistan, Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Czechoslovakia, Chile, China, Colo mbia, Costa Rica, Denmark, Egypt, UnitedStates, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Netherlands, Peru, Poland, Portugal, United Kingdom, Romania, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay and Yugoslavia.
The Reich SportsOffice, promoted the idea that theuse of sports would harden theGerman spirit and instill unityamong German youth. At thesame time he also believed thatsports ware a "way to weed outthe weak, Jewish, and otherundesirables. The German Olympiccommittee, in accordance withNazi directives, virtually barredthat Germans who were Jewish orRoma, participated in the Games.This decision meant exclusion formany of the countrys top athletes.
For the first time in the history of the modern OlympicGames, the Olympic flame was lit with fire collecteddirectly from the sanctuary of the ancient Olympic Gamesfrom Olympia to Berlin for the relay. In the handle is written in german that "LaufFackelstaffel Olympia-Berlin-1936“ (Olympic torch relayrun Berlin 1936), with the Olympic rings and the Germaneagle superimposed. In the platform, the inscription"Komitee für die Organisazions-XI. Olympiade Berlin 1926Als Trager Dank dem" (Organizations Committee for theXI. Olympics Berlin 1936 To thank the support.)