INFORMATION LITERACY INDICATORS:
A Must for Countries
IFLA Satellite Conference
Library Statistics for the 21st. Century W...
Topics / Goals
• Vital importance of information
competencies
• Urgent need of International IL indicators
• Great opportu...
Defining Information Literacy
• Users: Recognise their information needs
• Locate and evaluate the quality of information
...
IL Contexts
1
SOCIETY
1
SOCIETY
2
WORK
2
WORK
3
WELL-BEING
3
WELL-BEING
4
EDUCATION
4
EDUCATION
Information / Knowledge Chain
1. Generation1. Generation
2. Packing2. Packing
3. Distribution3. Distribution
4. Use/Demand...
Information Literacy Standards
Information Literacy Continuum
(IFLA 2006)
Level 0 - Kinder Garden
EDUCATION
Level 1 - Elementary
Level 2 - Junior High
Le...
Communication Skills Constellation
INFORMATION LITERACYINFORMATION LITERACY
Definition and
articulation of
information
nee...
Information Literacy and Equality
• Language role impact
• Cultural constraints
• Political constraints
• Economic constra...
Sources of Information
Literacy Indicators
• Relevance of LAMP (UNESCO)
• Potential of PISA items (OECD)
• Potential of DH...
Some Principles of Indicator
Development
• Pertinent
• Timely
• Accurate
• Frequency
• Cost
• Valid
• Reliable
• Consisten...
Information Literacy and
Adult Competencies
Information Literacy Indicators
located within the LAMP Household Survey
a) Recognise information needs
b) Locate and eval...
Information Literacy Indicators
Located within the LAMP Household Survey
c) Store and Retrieve information
d) Make effecti...
Information Literacy Indicators
Located within the LAMP Household Survey
e) Apply Information to Create and Communicate Kn...
InfoLit Indicators
Potential
International Surveys
IL Indicators Examples
PISA School Assessment and Demographic and Health (DHS Household
Survey
IL Element Source Item
Reco...
International Indicators for the Supply, Access and
Reception of information, and of ICT Skills
The proposal is based on a...
Potential IL Indicators
EFA, MDGs, and WSIS 1/6
Dimension Topic Indicator Source
References to
International Goals
Supply
...
Dimension Topic Indicator Source
References to
International goals
Supply
9. Broadcast
content
% of annual radio broadcast...
Dimension Topic Indicator Source
References to
International Goals
Supply
16. Library employees per
1,000,000 inhabitants
...
Dimension Topic Indicator Source
References to
International Goals
Supply
24. Information
Reception
Newspapers % of househ...
Dimension Topic Indicator Source
References to
International Goals
Supply
30. Use of
libreraries
% of households/
persons ...
Dimension Topic Indicator Source
References to
International Goals
36. Information
Literacy
Recognise
Information needs
Se...
UNESCO – IFLA IL Resources
• Directory. IFLA International Directory of InfoLit Resources, funded by
UNESCO, www.infolitgl...
UNESCO – IFLA
International Information Literacy Logo
www.infolitglobal.info/logo
Logo
Black and White Version
Conclusion
1. Indicators can help to monitor achievements in the international decade
of literacy (UNESCO)
2. Governments ...
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INFORMATION LITERACY INDICATORS: A Must for Countries

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IFLA Satellite Conference, Library Statistics for the 21st. Century World, UIS-IFLA-ISO, Montreal, Canada, August 18-19, 2008

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INFORMATION LITERACY INDICATORS: A Must for Countries

  1. 1. INFORMATION LITERACY INDICATORS: A Must for Countries IFLA Satellite Conference Library Statistics for the 21st. Century World UIS-IFLA-ISO Montreal, Canada, August 18-19, 2008 Jesus Lau, PhD / Ralph Catts jlau@uv.mx www.jesuslau.com Director, USBI VER Library, and Coordinator, UV Virtual Library Universidad Veracruzana www.uv.mx/bvirtual / www.uv.mx/usbi_ver Boca del Río, Veracruz, MÉXICO
  2. 2. Topics / Goals • Vital importance of information competencies • Urgent need of International IL indicators • Great opportunity to adapt/use international survey instruments – Use secondary indicators – Adapt current international surveys
  3. 3. Defining Information Literacy • Users: Recognise their information needs • Locate and evaluate the quality of information • Store and retrieve information • Make effective and ethical use of information, and • Apply information to create and communicate knowledge
  4. 4. IL Contexts 1 SOCIETY 1 SOCIETY 2 WORK 2 WORK 3 WELL-BEING 3 WELL-BEING 4 EDUCATION 4 EDUCATION
  5. 5. Information / Knowledge Chain 1. Generation1. Generation 2. Packing2. Packing 3. Distribution3. Distribution 4. Use/Demand4. Use/Demand • Editors • Databases / electronic media companies • Information aggregators • News / Broadcasting • Authors • Inventors • Researcher • Reporters • Researchers • Academics • Students • Companies •Citizens • Bookstores • Libraries • Information services
  6. 6. Information Literacy Standards
  7. 7. Information Literacy Continuum (IFLA 2006) Level 0 - Kinder Garden EDUCATION Level 1 - Elementary Level 2 - Junior High Level 3 - High School Level 4 - Post-secondary Level 5 - Undergraduate Level 6 - Research Definition and articulation of information need SKILLS Location and access of information Assessment of information Organization of information Use of information Communication and ethical use of information LEVELS Basic Medium High Advanced
  8. 8. Communication Skills Constellation INFORMATION LITERACYINFORMATION LITERACY Definition and articulation of information need Location and access of information Assessment of information Organization of information Use of information Communication and ethical use of information Other information Skills ICT SKILLS - MEDIA LITERACYICT SKILLS - MEDIA LITERACY Digital technology Use Use of Communication Tools Use of Networks Sift media messages Analyze media messages Other ICT/ Media Skills LITERACYLITERACY Reading Writing Numeracy Other Basic Skills ORAL COMMUNICATIONORAL COMMUNICATION Speaking Listening REASONINGREASONING Thinking Skills
  9. 9. Information Literacy and Equality • Language role impact • Cultural constraints • Political constraints • Economic constraints • IL developments are uneven around the world
  10. 10. Sources of Information Literacy Indicators • Relevance of LAMP (UNESCO) • Potential of PISA items (OECD) • Potential of DHS survey (WHO) • Other…
  11. 11. Some Principles of Indicator Development • Pertinent • Timely • Accurate • Frequency • Cost • Valid • Reliable • Consistency • ‘Economy’ • ‘Independence’ • Transparency • Comparability
  12. 12. Information Literacy and Adult Competencies
  13. 13. Information Literacy Indicators located within the LAMP Household Survey a) Recognise information needs b) Locate and evaluate the quality of information Comparator Source Comparator Element LAMP B28 Informal learning activities (most pertinent elements to be determined) LAMP C20 Requirement to read at work (possibly C 22 provides evidence of level of IL skills) LAMP E11 Finding out how to see a doctor or health worker LAMP E16 Reading about health issues LAMP G 5.7 to 5.11 Searching for information using the internet Comparator Source Comparator Element LAMP E17 Understanding health issues LAMP E18&19 Understanding instructions on the use of products
  14. 14. Information Literacy Indicators Located within the LAMP Household Survey c) Store and Retrieve information d) Make effective and ethical use of information Comparator Source Comparator Element D 2.3 Fill in Forms G 3.5 Keeping a schedule or calendar (using ICT) G 3.6 Reading information from CD ROM or DVD (using ICT) G 5.6 Obtaining or saving music (ICT) Comparator Source Comparator Element LAMP C 26 Calculations with numbers at work (C28 provides indicators of levels of IL) LAMP D 1 8 elements may provide indicators of levels of IL LAMP D2.5 Produce bills, invoices or budget tables LAMP G 3.1 to 3.4 Items may imply levels of IL
  15. 15. Information Literacy Indicators Located within the LAMP Household Survey e) Apply Information to Create and Communicate Knowledge Comparator Source Comparator Element LAMP C 23 Writing messages at work (C25 offers levels of IL) LAMP D2.1 Write personal letters, messages or emails. LAMP D2.2 Write official letters to an authority or organisation LAMP D2.4 Write reports or articles LAMP D2.6 Produce charts, diagrams or maps
  16. 16. InfoLit Indicators Potential International Surveys
  17. 17. IL Indicators Examples PISA School Assessment and Demographic and Health (DHS Household Survey IL Element Source Item Recognise information needs DHS 2007 women’s survey Unmet needs for family planning Locate and evaluate the quality of information PISA Scientific Competencies OECD (2006, 29) Retrieving specifi ed Information from texts PISA Reading Literacy OECD (2006, 50) Retrieving specified Information from texts Store and retrieve information DHS (2007) women’s survey Knowledge of a source of Contraception DHS (2007) Women’s survey Knowledge about ways To avoid getting AIDS DHS (2007) Women’s survey Knowledge about high Risk sexual behaviour Make effective and ethical use of information DHS (2007) Women’s survey Use of contraceptive Methods Apply information to create and communicate knowledge PISA Scientifi c Competencies OECD (2006, 29) Interpreting scientifi c Evidence and making and Communicating decisions
  18. 18. International Indicators for the Supply, Access and Reception of information, and of ICT Skills The proposal is based on a three elements: 1. Supply 2. Reception 3. Information literacy skills
  19. 19. Potential IL Indicators EFA, MDGs, and WSIS 1/6 Dimension Topic Indicator Source References to International Goals Supply 1. Print (newspapers) Titles per 1,000,000 inhabitants UIS Press Survey 2006 EFA 2B 2. Radio Channels per 1000 inhabitants UIS Broadcast Survey 2006 3. Radio sets per 100 or 1000 inhabitants EFA 2B WSIS A11 4. Television Channels per 1000 inhabitants UIS Broadcast Survey 2006 5. Television sets per 100 or 1000 inhabitants UIS Broadcast Survey 2006 EFA 2B WSIS A12 6. Journalists Print Journalists per 1,000,000 inhabitants UIS Press Survey 2006 7. Broadcast Journalists per 1,000,000 inhabitants UIS Broadcast Survey 2006 8. Graduates (and Enrolment) in Journalism and Information UIS Annual Education Survey
  20. 20. Dimension Topic Indicator Source References to International goals Supply 9. Broadcast content % of annual radio broadcasting time devoted to news and information, or education and science UIS Broadcast Survey 2006 Limited data, difficult to compare 10. % of annual television broadcasting time devoted to news and information, or education and science UIS Broadcast Survey 2006 Limited data, difficult to compare 11. On-line media Number of on-line newspapers per 1,000,000 inhabitants UIS Press Survey 2006 12. No of Internet radio stations per 1,000,000 inhabitants UIS Broadcast Survey 2006 13. % of localities with public internet access centres (PIAC) by the number of inhabitants ITU WSIS A10 Problems in conception, and data collection 14. PCs Number of PCs per 100 or 1000 inhabitants ITU WSIS A3 MDG 48a EFA 2B 15 Libraries Public libraries - volumes of books UIS libraries survey EFA 2B Only surveyed in Latin America in 2007 Potential IL Indicators EFA, MDGs, and WSIS 2/6
  21. 21. Dimension Topic Indicator Source References to International Goals Supply 16. Library employees per 1,000,000 inhabitants UIS libraries survey Only surveyed in Latin America in 200 17. Book production Titles per 1000 inhabitants EFA 2B No comprehensive data for developing countries 18. Availability Newspapers Circulation Total, & per 1000 inhabitants EFA 2B 19. Radio % households with a radio LAMP and (inter)national household surveys EFA2B WSIS HH1 20. TV % households with a TV LAMP and (inter)national household surveys EFA2B WSIS HH2 21. On-line media % of households with Internet access WSIS HH7 EFA 2B 22. Internet subscribers per 100 or 1000 inhabitants MDG 48b WSIS A4 23. % of schools with an Internet connection WSIS Ed Potential IL Indicators EFA, MDGs, and WSIS 3/6
  22. 22. Dimension Topic Indicator Source References to International Goals Supply 24. Information Reception Newspapers % of households/ persons reporting they read a newspaper LAMP and (inter)national household surveys 25. Radio % of households/ persons reporting they read a newspaper LAMP and (inter)national household surveys 26. TV % of households/ persons reporting they read a watch TV LAMP and (inter)national household surveys 27. On-line media % of households/ persons reporting they use on-line media WSIS HH10 28. % of households/ persons reporting they use the Internet LAMP and (inter)national household surveys WSIS HH10 + 13 29. Broadcast content % of persons reporting they watch different content types LAMP and (inter)national household surveys Very little data, not compiled on a comparable basis Potential IL Indicators EFA, MDGs, and WSIS 4/6
  23. 23. Dimension Topic Indicator Source References to International Goals Supply 30. Use of libreraries % of households/ persons reporting they borrow newspapers, books or magazines LAMP and (inter)national household surveys Skills 31. Literacy Literacy rate UIS annual survey Does not measure competency 32. Literacy skills Level of literacy LAMP/IALS Internationally comparable measure of competency 33. ICT skills in schools % Teachers with formal training in ICT UIS Annual Education Survey WSIS Ed 34. % schools with PCs used for educational purposes UIS Annual Education Survey WSIS Ed 35. Languages % of people speaking minority languages SIL and other sources Data collection and definitions often problematic Potential IL Indicators EFA, MDGs, and WSIS 5/6
  24. 24. Dimension Topic Indicator Source References to International Goals 36. Information Literacy Recognise Information needs See Catts and Lau LAMP/IALS Internationally comparable measure of competency 37. Locate and Evaluate information See Catts and Lau LAMP/IALS 38. Store and retrieve information See Catts and Lau LAMP/IALS 39. Make effective use of information See Catts and Lau LAMP/IALS 40. Apply information to create and communicate knowledge See Catts and Lau LAMP/IALS Potential IL Indicators EFA, MDGs, and WSIS 6/6
  25. 25. UNESCO – IFLA IL Resources • Directory. IFLA International Directory of InfoLit Resources, funded by UNESCO, www.infolitglobal.info • StatisticsStatistics. “Towards Information Literacy Indicators” a document prepared for UNESCO. www.unesco.org • ReportReport. IFLA InfoLit World Report (Ongoing), funded by UNESCO • Logo. InfoLit International Logo, organized by IFLA with UNESCO funding, www.infolitglobal.info/logo • Book. Information Literacy: International Perspectives. Munich: IFLA / K.G. Saur, 2008 • Guidelines. IFLA International InfoLit Guidelines, 2006, http://www.ifla.org /VII/s42/pub/IL-Guidelines2006.pdf
  26. 26. UNESCO – IFLA International Information Literacy Logo www.infolitglobal.info/logo
  27. 27. Logo Black and White Version
  28. 28. Conclusion 1. Indicators can help to monitor achievements in the international decade of literacy (UNESCO) 2. Governments need to monitor information use to invest more on information skills development 3. IL indicators can derived from secondary analysis of existing survey elements, such as LAMP 4. It would be more cost effective and efficient to use current surveys 5. Information usage statistics is at the core IL measurement tasks, besides identification of information supply and access for all people
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