DIVISIONS OF THE PSYCHOLOGY. Basic Psychology: He studies the mental basic processes and is served a scientific method especially in university contexts or foundations. Applied Psychology: It might not exist without the basic one. The applied psychology uses the knowledge that are acquired of the basic psychology. The psychology can be realized so much in normal or pathological contexts.
BASIC PSYCHOLOGY. The basic psychology is the part of the psychology that takes the summary as a fundamental function and organization structured of new knowledge brings over of the foundations of action of the psychological basic processes, as the perception, the attention, the memory, the language, the learning, the reasoning and the resolution of problems. PSYCHOLOGY OF THE LEARNING The psychology of the learning deals with the study of the processes that produce relatively permanent changes in the behavior of the individual (learning). It is one of the most developed areas and his study has allowed elucidating some of the fundamental processes involved in the learning as complete process:
EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY OR OF THE DEVELOPMENT It takes as a purpose the psychological study of the different stages of growth and development of the human being, as it was demonstrated By Arnold Gesell. It seeks to understand the way in which the persons perceive, they deal and act in the world and how all that is changing in agreement to the age (already be for ripeness or for learning). PSYCOPATHOLOGY OR PSYCHOLOGY OF THE ABNORMALITY The Psycopathology like science studies the description phenomenological of the events that they present in the mental illness, the development and the consequences of these behaviors and psychic conditions, so much from a vision phenomenological classificatory, since limited to a theory or particular current.
PSYCHOLOGY OF THE PERSONALITY During all the 20th century the psychologists worried for extending the already existing conceptions, especially in medicine, on the types of contexture physics and his relations with dispositions compartmental. From this knowledge there were designed several models of factors of the personality and tests to determine the set of features that were characterizing a person. Nowadays, the personality understands as a set organized of features, that is to say relatively permanent and stable behaviors in the time, which they characterize an individual. PSYCHOLOGY OF THE ART It is the field of the psychology that studies the phenomena of the creation and of the artistic perception from a psychological point of view
The applied or professional psychology groups to the different slopes of the psychology that have direct application in the solution of problems and optimization of human processes with professional ends (of there it derives his name as professional psychology). Many of the knowledge of the applied psychology come from the basic psychology, nevertheless it is necessary to indicate that the professional application generates constant new knowledge of conceptual and / or procedural order that often reaches independence of the basic knowledge that gave to him origin. The slopes most known in the item of the applied psychology are the clinic, the educational one, the organizational and the community one often named social or social – community.
CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY It deals with the investigation of the mental functions of the persons who suffer suffering, not only derived by a mental disorder but also disorders of orientation of the development of the human potentials and giving importance to the knowledge of the fundamental beginning, which have value for the human being and whose aim is to study the human conduct that must represent a valuable contribution in the man in his daily life. COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY They work with the settlers of an urban or rural community for the study of his human and material resources, facilitating that satisfy vital needs as health, education, housing, health, supply, work, sport, recreation and others.
EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY The educational psychology is the area of the psychology that one dedicates to the study of the human education inside the educational centers; he understands the analysis of the ways of learning and of teaching. By means of the study of the educational psychology there fight the springs that stimulate the development and the human, like that conduct is achieved to know the factors that have intervened in the development of the potentials. PSYCHOLOGY OF THE WORK AND OF THE ORGANIZATIONS The psychology of the work and of the organizations, sometimes simply so called “labor psychology “or "organizational", derives what initially was called a “industrial psychology ". Nevertheless the later incorporation of new elements, from the area of study of the psychologies social and applied to the organizations, marks a difference that not only is terminological, but also conceptual.