Gestalt approach to counselingPresentation Transcript
THERAPEUTIC TECHNIQUE AND PROCEDURE
EXERCISES are ready-made techniques that are sometimes used to make something happen in a therapy session or to achieve goal. It serves as catalyst for individual work or for promoting interaction among members of the therapy group (Corey, 2009).
EXPERIMENT grows out of the interaction between the client and therapist in a dialogic process; cornerstone of dialogic process.It heightens the client’s awareness and understanding through experience (Frew, 2008)
An EXERCISE or technique is a performed experiment with specific learning goals….An EXPERIMENT, on the other hand, flows directly from psychotherapy theory and is crafted to fit the individual as he or she exist in the here and now (Melnick and Nevis, 2005).
EXPERIMENT Avenue for clients to live experientially A creative adventure where clients can themselves behaviorally Invites clients to engage in experiments that lead to fresh emotional experience and new insight (Strumpfel & Goldman, 2002) Determines what does or does not fit for the client through their own awareness (Yontef, 1993)
It brings out some kind of internal conflict by making the struggle an actual process (Polster, 1987)
FORMS OF GESTALT EXPERIMENT ACCORDING TO POLSTER Imagining a future encounter Setting up a dialogue between a client and some significant person in his/her life Dramatizing the memory of a painful event Reliving a particularly profound early experience in the present
Assuming the identity of ones mother or father through role playing Focusing on gestures, postures, and other non verbal signs of inner expression Carrying on a dialogue between two conflicting aspects within the person
To be sensitive enough to know when to leave the client alone To derive maximum benefit from Gestalt experiment, the practitioner must be sensitive to introducing them at the right time and in a appropriate manner The nature of the experiment depends on the individual’s problems, what the person is experiencing, and the life experiences that both the client and the therapist bring the session
Experiments require the client’s active role in self- exploration Gestalt experiment work best when the therapist is respectful of the client’s cultural background and is in good contact with the person If the therapist meets with hesitation, it is good idea to explore its meaning for the client
It is important that the therapist be flexible in using technique, paying particular attention to how the client is responding The counselor should be ready to scale down tasks so that the client has a good chance to succeed in his/her effort The therapist needs to learn which experiment can be best be practiced in the session itself and which can best be performed outside
To bring about integrated functioning and acceptance of aspects of one’s personality that have been disowned and denied
EMPTY-CHAIR TECHNIQUE one way of getting the client externalize the introject helps the client to get in touch with a feeling or a side of themselves that they may be denying it discourages clients from disassociating the feeling
involves asking a person in a group to go up to others in the group and either speak to or do something with each person. to confront, to risk, to disclose the self, to experiment with new behavior, and to grow and change.
to represent reversals of underlying and latent impulses “plunging the client into the part of themselves that have been submerged and denied” to help clients accept certain personal attributes that they try to deny
Prepares the client to in their social role Increases awareness on how they try to meet the expectation of others, of the degree to which they want to be approved, accepted, and like, and of the extent to which they go attain acceptance
Aims the client to become more aware of the subtle signals and cues they are sending through boy language.
urges the client to stay with their feelings and encourage them to go deeper into the feeling or behavior they wish to avoid
It brings back the dream to life and relieve them as though they are happening now. The dream is acted out in the present, and the dreamer becomes part of his/her own dream.
Emphasizes helping people incorporate and accept all aspects of life.Helps client focus on resolving areas of unfinished business.The approach is flexible and not limited to a few technique.
Primary emphasizes on doing rather than talkingAppropriate for certain affective disorder, anxiety states, somatoform disorder, etc. Gestalt is versatile.