Over the next fifty years, four different expeditions traveled through New Mexico.
This included the well known explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado.
Along with 300 soldiers and 800 Indian allies from New Spain, he passed through the Rio Grande Valley while looking for the fabled Seven Cities of Gold. Instead he found villages inhabited by prosperous native people near present day Bernalillo.
Gov. Pedro de Peralta establishes a new capital at Santa Fe. Construction begins on the Palace of the Governors.
1626 - Spanish Inquisition established in New Mexico.
Thousands of Jews fleeing the Inquisition in Spain and Portugal had drifted to the Americas for a century. Many were now in New Mexico and in 1626 the sanctuary of the northern provinces ended for them.
1680 - Pueblo Indian Revolt Santa Fe, NM It was the only successful Native American revolt against the Spanish in all of the Americas. The Spanish withdraw from present day New Mexico for twelve years.
1821 Mexico declares independence from Spain. Mexico is now its own country. Anglos begin to trade with the Mexicans in New Mexico. When Mexico was a part of Spain, Spain did not permit much trade from occurring between its colonies and other countries. Spain did not want other countries and cultural groups to influence its colonies.
1846 Mexican-American War begins. Stephen Watts Kearny annexes New Mexico to the United States.
1847 Taos Rebellion against the U.S. military.
Governor Charles Bent is the first Anglo governor of New Mexico and is killed in the rebellion.
1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican-American War.
1850 -New Mexico (which included present-day Arizona, southern Colorado, southern Utah, and southern Nevada) is designated a territory but denied statehood. The struggle for state hood will be long battle for New Mexico.
1863 - New Mexico is partitioned in half & the Territory of Arizona is created.
New Mexico admitted to the Union as the 47th state.
It took sixty years for New Mexico to attain statehood.
1916 - Pancho Villa raids Columbus, N.M. Villa attacked Columbus, NM Columbus, NM after the raid
1920 - Adoption of the l9th Amendment gives women the right to vote. Nina Otero-Warren leads successful lobbying campaign to win New Mexico ratification of 19th Amendment.
1930-1943 - Great Depression Federal New Deal funds provide employment for many and causes numerous public buildings to be constructed. "Walking 30 miles to visit family in Santa Fe"; Chomita, New Mexico (Circa May 1935) A displaced family looking for work in 1935