Elements  of a Short Story A short story is a work of fiction that can be read in one sitting.
Plot <ul><li>The chain of related events that take place in a story. </li></ul><ul><li>Built around conflict, which is a s...
Plot  at a Glance climax   falling action rising action resolution exposition
Exposition- gives the background of the story Rising Action- introduces complications; builds suspense Climax-  the turnin...
The plot of a short story centers around conflict.  Conflict is a struggle between opposing forces. Complications build th...
<ul><li>Types of Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>External </li></ul><ul><li>- Human vs. Human </li></ul><ul><li>- Human vs. Nat...
Methods of Characterization Creating Believable Characters <ul><li>Indirect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>physical appearance </li...
<ul><li>Types of Characters </li></ul><ul><li>Main or Minor </li></ul><ul><li>Protagonist or Antagonist </li></ul><ul><li>...
Setting= time and place -puts the reader in the story by    giving the reader the feeling of  being in the situation. -cre...
Point of View or . . . (Who’s telling this story anyway?) -the vantage point from which the story is told. -determines how...
<ul><li>1st Person </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator is a character in the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator uses first-person pr...
<ul><li>3rd Person Limited </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator does not participate in action of story. </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator ...
<ul><li>3rd Person Omniscient </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator does not participate in action of story. </li></ul><ul><li>Narrat...
What is a symbol?
A symbol is a person, a place, an activity, or an  object  that stands for something beyond itself.
Theme In literature, theme is a perception about life or human nature that the writer wants to share with the reader. In m...
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Elements of a short story

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Elements of a short story

  1. 1. Elements of a Short Story A short story is a work of fiction that can be read in one sitting.
  2. 2. Plot <ul><li>The chain of related events that take place in a story. </li></ul><ul><li>Built around conflict, which is a struggle between opposing forces. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Plot at a Glance climax falling action rising action resolution exposition
  4. 4. Exposition- gives the background of the story Rising Action- introduces complications; builds suspense Climax- the turning point of the story suspense reaches its peak Falling Action and Resolution resolves the conflict usually ties up loose ends
  5. 5. The plot of a short story centers around conflict. Conflict is a struggle between opposing forces. Complications build the reader’s excitement.
  6. 6. <ul><li>Types of Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>External </li></ul><ul><li>- Human vs. Human </li></ul><ul><li>- Human vs. Nature </li></ul><ul><li>- Human vs. Obstacle or Society </li></ul><ul><li>Internal </li></ul><ul><li>- Human vs. Himself </li></ul>
  7. 7. Methods of Characterization Creating Believable Characters <ul><li>Indirect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>physical appearance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>speech, thoughts, feelings, or actions of the character </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>speech, thoughts, feelings, or actions of other characters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Direct </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the narrator’s direct comments about a character </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Types of Characters </li></ul><ul><li>Main or Minor </li></ul><ul><li>Protagonist or Antagonist </li></ul><ul><li>Round or Flat </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic or Static </li></ul><ul><li>*Stereotypes=Stock Characters* </li></ul>
  9. 9. Setting= time and place -puts the reader in the story by giving the reader the feeling of being in the situation. -creates atmosphere by the positive or negative feelings associated with the place.
  10. 10. Point of View or . . . (Who’s telling this story anyway?) -the vantage point from which the story is told. -determines how much we, the readers, know about the characters.
  11. 11. <ul><li>1st Person </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator is a character in the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator uses first-person pronouns, I, me, my, we, us, our to refer to himself or herself. </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of one character and speaks directly to reader. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>3rd Person Limited </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator does not participate in action of story. </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator does not refer to himself or herself. </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of one character, but readers are able to maintain some emotional distance from the character. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>3rd Person Omniscient </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator does not participate in action of story. </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator does not refer to himself or herself. </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of all characters; readers get insight into several characters. </li></ul>
  14. 14. What is a symbol?
  15. 15. A symbol is a person, a place, an activity, or an object that stands for something beyond itself.
  16. 16. Theme In literature, theme is a perception about life or human nature that the writer wants to share with the reader. In most cases, the theme is not stated directly but must be inferred . Themes can be revealed by - a story’s title - key phrases and statements about big ideas - the ways the characters change and the lessons they learn about life.
  17. 17. The End
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