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Shakespeare’s Sonnets
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Shakespeare’s Sonnets

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  • 1. Shakespeare’sSonnetsEnglish I HonorsMrs. Pilgreen
  • 2. Rhyme SchemeThose hours, that with gentle work did frame AThe lovely gaze where every eye doth dwell, BWill play the tyrants to the very same AAnd that unfair which fairly doth excel; BFor never-resting time leads summer on CTo hideous winter, and confounds him there; DSap checked with frost, and lusty leaves quite gone, CBeauty oer-snowed and bareness every where: DThen were not summers distillation left, EA liquid prisoner pent in walls of glass,FBeautys effect with beauty were bereft, ENor it, nor no remembrance what it was: F But flowers distilled, though they with winter meet, G Leese but their show; their substance still lives sweet. G
  • 3. Line Structure• 14 total lines• 3 quatrains: group of 4 lines• Followed by a couplet: group of 2 lines• Lyric poetry: expresses the thoughts & emotions of a single speaker, usually love• Contains a volta at the 3rd stanza: change in tone or attitude
  • 4. Metrical Patterns• unstressed syllable: u • 1 foot: monometer• Stressed syllable: / • 2 feet: dimeter • 3 feet: trimeter• Iamb: u / • 4 feet: tetrameter• Trochee: / u • 5 feet: pentameter• Anapest: u u / • 6 feet: hexameter• Dactyl: / u u • 7 feet: heptameter• Spondee: / / • 8 feet: octameter
  • 5. Metrical Patterns• Iambic Pentameter: 5 (feet of) iambs u /u /u /u /u /Example:What light through yon-der win-dow breaks?
  • 6. The Sonnets• Sonnets 1-126 addressed to a “fair youth” – urging him to marry and have children so that he can leave behind a duplicate of his beauty – love & admiration• Sonnet 127-152 addressed to a “dark lady,” the speaker’s mistress – The fair youth has stolen the dark lady from the speaker – Object of infatuation & lust
  • 7. The Sonnets• Sonnets 1-126 addressed to a “fair youth” – urging him to marry and have children so that he can leave behind a duplicate of his beauty – love & admiration• Sonnet 127-152 addressed to a “dark lady,” the speaker’s mistress – The fair youth has stolen the dark lady from the speaker – Object of infatuation & lust

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