Shakespearean Sonnets

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Shakespearean Sonnets

  1. 1. Shakespeare’s Sonnets English I Honors Mrs. Pilgreen
  2. 2. Rhyme Scheme Those hours, that with gentle work did frame A The lovely gaze where every eye doth dwell, B Will play the tyrants to the very same A And that unfair which fairly doth excel; B For never-resting time leads summer on C To hideous winter, and confounds him there; D Sap checked with frost, and lusty leaves quite gone, C Beauty o'er-snowed and bareness every where: D Then were not summer's distillation left, E A liquid prisoner pent in walls of glass,F Beauty's effect with beauty were bereft, E Nor it, nor no remembrance what it was: F But flowers distilled, though they with winter meet, G Leese but their show; their substance still lives sweet. G
  3. 3. Line Structure • • • • 14 total lines 3 quatrains: group of 4 lines Followed by a couplet: group of 2 lines Lyric poetry: expresses the thoughts & emotions of a single speaker, usually love • Contains a volta at the 3rd stanza: change in tone or attitude
  4. 4. Metrical Patterns • • • • • • • • unstressed syllable: u Stressed syllable: / Iamb: u / Trochee: / u Anapest: u u / Dactyl: / u u Spondee: / / Pyrrhic: u u • • • • • • • • 1 foot: monometer 2 feet: dimeter 3 feet: trimeter 4 feet: tetrameter 5 feet: pentameter 6 feet: hexameter 7 feet: heptameter 8 feet: octameter
  5. 5. Metrical Patterns • Iambic Pentameter: 5 (feet of) iambs u/u/u/u/u/ Example: What light through yon-der win-dow breaks?
  6. 6. The Sonnets • Sonnets 1-126 addressed to a “fair youth” – urging him to marry and have children so that he can leave behind a duplicate of his beauty – love & admiration • Sonnet 127-152 addressed to a “dark lady,” the speaker’s mistress – The fair youth has stolen the dark lady from the speaker – Object of infatuation & lust

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