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Dependent & subordinate clauses
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Dependent & subordinate clauses

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  • 1. Dependent & Subordinate Clauses English I
  • 2. What is a Clause?
    • Clause : a group of words with a subject & a verb
    • A clause is used as part of a sentence
  • 3. Independent Clause
    • AKA main clause
    • Expresses a complete thought
    • Can stand by itself
      • Ex. I love grammar!
    • Independent clauses can be written as separate sentences or joined using a semicolon (;) or a comma and a conjunction (, and)
  • 4. Subordinate Clause
    • AKA dependent clause
    • Does not express a complete thought
    • Cannot stand by itself in a sentence
      • Ex. When you get to my house.
      • Ex. Because I said so.
      • Ex. Before the football game started.
  • 5. Subordinating Conjunctions
    • If a group of words begins with a subordinating conjunction, then it probably cannot stand alone.
      • Ex. It started to rain. (independent)
      • Ex. After it started to rain. (subordinate)
      • Ex. I watched a scary movie. (independent)
      • Ex. While I watched a scary movie. (subordinate)
  • 6. Independent or Subordinate?
    • If you are unsure if a clause is independent or subordinate, try this…
    • “ I believe that…”
    Sounds Good Independent ( Sentence ) Sounds Bad Dependent ( Fragment )