Summary – “Preditors”: Making citizen journalism work What is citizen journalism? “ordinary person’s capacity to bear witness, thereby providing commentators with a useful label to characterize an ostensibly new genre of reporting” (Allan, 2009) or in other words… Reporting of the news by private individuals, who are not professional journalists “grassroots journalism”, “open source journalism”, “participatory journalism”, “hyperlocal journalism”, “distributed journalism”, “networked journalism”, “user-generated content”
Crowdsourcing– as a basis for citizen journalism Crowdsourcing is the idea that a crowd of people, geographically dispersed but sharing common purpose, can achieve things better or differently to small groups of professionals and gatekeepers” (Simons, 2008) It is transformation from “journalism as a lecture” to “journalism as a conversation” (Gilmor, 2006)
Semi-pro journalism – as an efficient model of citizen journalism Semi-pro journalism is a combination of “ground work of average citizens or inexperienced journalists with editorial and production expertise of professional journalists”
Who are “PREDITORS”? Preditor = Producing + editing + organizing = facilitator of “journalism as a conversation”
Preditor’s abilities must include: be comfortable with writing and editing copy, be cognizant of publishing law and regulation, have a strong sense of news values and be committed to ethical standards, and balance and fairness in their own practice. have the ability to establish collaborative interpersonal and professional relationships and webs of content syndication, across the online news environment. have the capacity to serve, guide and sometimes manage a content-making community that includes not just readers, but users who have become, in effect, colleagues.
Dimensions of Preditor’s Role: Content work Networking Community work Technical work
ContentWork editing and producing original content ensuring that user-submitted stories meet legal, regulatory, ethical and quality requirements ensuring that user-submitted stories providing “pro” content that drives visits, publicity, syndications and further contributions to the site.
Networking making advantageous connections with existing, established online and offline news outlets ensuring that content is delivered and sourced across a number of platforms and of entrepreneurially mobilizing on and offline networks
Communitywork bringing people to the service and keeping communities engaged with on-site content and one another Providing participating community with Training site-specific information mediation.
Technical Work on-site technical work off-site technical work “meta-tech” work
Relationship between Amateur & Professional Journalists Citizen Journalism Amateur Journalists Mainstream Journalism Professional Journalists Respect Communication Social relationship Network Technologies
Short Survey Inside the Class Do you still haveto study to be a JOURNALIST? If anyone can be a reporter? If anyone can be called journalist?
Further Analysis on Citizen Journalism CRISES Natural and human disasters Scandal of the government Politics Social issues Violation of human rights Price of food vs. Level of salary & wages Fair work & Fair trading
CITIZEN JOURNALISM TODAY Main tools: camera mobile phone / smartphone internet: websites, blogs, social networks CITIZEN JOURNALISM = DIGITAL JOURNALISM
CITIZEN JOURNALISM TODAY Main influences on development or stagnation of CJ: technological development - devices access to internet and mobile government regulations
Questions In the interrelated process of the development of technologies and citizen journalism, which one is the facilitator and which one is the follower? What kind of news you would prefer to read and you would rely more in the mainstream media and what kind in the citizen journalism, i.e. crisis in citizen journalism and science news in biology in the mainstream one? Why? The biggest exposure of the citizen journalism comes in crises, like natural and human disasters, politics, violation of human rights and etc. If we consider that there is no more crises in the world, do you believe citizen journalism will still exist focusing only on art, science, happy people’s lives and other exclusively positive things? And do you think it still will be so popular and claimed?