Publishing OER


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For creating open content as a continually ongoing process of refinement, re-distribution, correction, modification, re-arrangement and reuse, better quality of the open content is the result of these possibilities. It's important to make reuse easier. This requires authors to consider visibility and circulation of the published open educational resources(OER).

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Publishing OER

  1. 1. Publishing OERJessie Chuangwww.Classroom-aid.comLicensed under CC BY-SAGraphic credit : Barbara Dieu
  2. 2. Ways of Publishing● by distributing via email● as a download on your own/personal/institutionalwebsite● on a website with educational content● in an institutional repository and● in a thematic repository● submit to existing OER repositories● publish eBooks● publish mobile apps● ....
  3. 3. Visibility StrategyThere are three factors that determine the visibility:Findability starts by making diffusion of the educationalcontent through the appropriate channels: mailing lists,OER repositories....Accessibility means that all content in the repository isproperly indexed and, therefore, can be retrieved using afriendly search engine by keywords, by taxonomies....Shareability means that it should be easy to the users toshare their obtained results in order to propagate theirsearches to other users with similar interests....
  4. 4. Visibility (cont)Metadata can help your content discovered, it refers toinformation about the learning object :What the content is about (objectives, topics), who theauthors and developers are, who the target audiencesare, who owns the object, how it may be used(prerequisites), the interactivity model, technologyrequirements, and so on...It makes sense to think about how you can find the rightcontent where and when you need it when considering thevisibility of your own content. Re-visit "Locating OER" ishelpful.
  5. 5. Visibility of CreatorsThe meaning of facilitation of the re-use and sharing ofopen educational content for creators :● credits for the creator(improve recognition)● personal marketing● an accessible academic legacy● connections / networking / collaborationby rubyblossom
  6. 6. Reusability Must be ConsideredFor creating open content as a continually ongoing processof refinement, re-distribution, correction, modification, re-arrangement and reuse, better quality of the open content isthe result of these possibilities. Its important to make reuseeasier. It requires:Using Open FormatUsing Open LicensesUsing Educational MetadataGranularity
  7. 7. Using Open FormatAn open file format is a published specification for storingdigital data, usually maintained by a standardsorganization, which can therefore be used andimplemented by anyone. For example, an open format canbe implementable by both proprietary and free and opensource software, using the typical software licenses usedby each.For example : .odt or .html files instead of .pdf filesDetails on open format file types: check out AusGOAL
  8. 8. One Example of Converting Files...If a teacher chooses a license which allows modifying hercontent, her students can publish other - perhapscommented or illustrated - versions.How to convert files into an open format ?● Open a document in text processing software (e.g.Microsoft Word)● and save it as a html-Document● After that, you can modify the document in html-standards.There are file converter tools too.
  9. 9. Recommendation-1Recommendations for maximum compatibility: referring, it is recommended to make it available in 3formats, but open format (3) is the most important one :(1) The original Microsoft Office file (eg: .doc, .docx, .ppt,etc) for others to natively edit,(2) a PDF version so that the content is viewable on thewidest range of devices,(3) a conversion to OpenDocument Format via LibreOffice(
  10. 10. Recommendation-2For video and audio, it is recommended to make availablecontent in the native format in which it was originallyrecorded.In post processing/editing, it is recommended to exportvideo to two formats: OGG Theora and MP4. For audio-only files, exporting to OGG Vorbis and MP3 isrecommended. Include high-resolution versions of videoswhere possible.(refer to
  11. 11. Using Open LicensesNotice that saying nothing about licensing for a givencontent means that the classical copyright rules apply, so adecision must be taken.The Creative Commons licensing model is a good startingpoint for sharing resources.
  12. 12. Using Educational MetadataMetadata is the data of data, its to facilitate retrieval and toincrease the ability for content to be exchanged betweendifferent Learning Content Management Systems. Openstandards for describing educational content :SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reference Model)LOM (Learning Object Metadata) from IEEE LTSCLRMI (Learning Resources Metadata Initiative, co-led by theAssociation of Educational Publishers (AEP) and Creative Commons (CC) )Note : These standards are not included in most wiki software.
  13. 13. GranularityWhen creating open content, it needs to be easy to break acollection of resources up into its component parts. No toomuch work is needed to disassemble the resources sothat no barrier placed between people and information.People can easily find and use the right pieces of contentwhen they need Chris Douce
  14. 14. Some authoring tools in OER repositories ...By TempusVolat
  15. 15. OER Commons -- Open AuthorOpen Author let you combine text, pictures, sound, filesand video to create resources, which may be exported in avariety of formats for use in a course management system(CMS) or for presentations, and they may be printed foreasy reference.1. Write: Educational resources are designed andconstructed.2. Describe: Resources are tagged to ensurediscoverability by others.3. Submit: Use license is selected and resource ispublished.
  16. 16. MERLOT Content BuilderThe MERLOT Content Builder is a web page and websitedevelopment tool that is integrated into MERLOT. It isdirectly accessible by registered and logged-in membersfrom the MERLOT homepage or from a members profilepage. Web pages are easily created using ContentBuilders templates. These include a variety of designsincluding e-portfolio structures, lesson plans, pedagogicalanalysis, student reflection, online course, tutorial,presentation, community website, etc.
  17. 17. Connexions Authoring Tool
  18. 18. AttributionMost of this content is from