3 Streams Of Thought In China
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3 Streams Of Thought In China

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The basis of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism in China.

The basis of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism in China.

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  • 1. What do Ancient Philosophies have to do with us?
    • World View is philosophical ideas of being, a culture’s beliefs about its place in the cosmos; beliefs about the nature of humanity; manifested in…
      • Philosophy
      • Religion
      • History
      • Art
      • Literature
      • Use of space and time
  • 2. U.S. World View
    • Individual is more important than group
    • Materialistic
    • Future time orientation
    • Doing rather than being
    • Belief in Supreme Being
    • Science and Technology important
    • Get identity from work
  • 3. East Asian World View informed by 3 streams of thought
    • Confucianism teaches:
      • relationship with others
    • Buddhism teaches:
      • Inner cultivation
    • Taoism teaches:
      • Relationship with nature
  • 4. Confucianism was official policy:
    • In China for 2,000 years
    • In Korea for 500 years
    • In Japan for 250 years
      • Therefore ingrained into East Asia thought
      • Ethico-political doctrine
      • Basic value system
      • Useful in maintaining a stable Chinese state
  • 5. The Confucian Ethic places…
    • Emphasis on Family
      • The family experience teaches us how to interact with the larger world
    • Emphasis on Education
      • Education brings honor and financial stability to the family
  • 6. Self-Cultivation
    • The Fully Realized Human
      • Respectfulness
      • Tolerance
      • Trustworthiness in word
      • Quickness
      • Generosity
  • 7. Family/Social Dimension
    • Five Relationships
      • Reciprocity
  • 8. Education Dimension
    • The fully developed human
  • 9. Moral Dimension
    • “Do not impose on others what you yourself do not desire”
      • The Analects, XII, 17
  • 10. Political Dimension
    • “To govern is to correct. If you set an example by being correct, who would dare to remain incorrect”.
      • The Analects, XII:17
  • 11. Spiritual Dimension
    • “You do not understand even life. How can you understand death?”
        • The Analects, XI;12
  • 12. Western military challenge changed thought
    • May fourth Movement, 1919 was response to West
    • Blamed traditional culture & Confucianism for making China stagnant & backward
    • Leaders of May 4 movement chose to obliterate old culture in order to modernize
    • Cultural Revolution, 1966-76, further eroded Confucian thought
  • 13. Contemporary Confucianism
    • Late 1970s –open door policy
    • 1986 Contemporary Confucianism designated a national project
    • Now Confucianism believed commensurate with Protestant ethic in terms of role in rise of capitalism
  • 14. You Tube with Daniel Bell
    • http://youtube.com/watch?v=ZMjVJWhhCxA
  • 15. Los Angeles Times article
    • http://www.latimes.com/news/politics/la-bk-levitin25-2008may25,0,7088320.story
  • 16. International Herald Tribune
    • http://www.iht.com/articles/2006/09/14/opinion/edbell.php
  • 17. Taoist Values
    • Nature should be befriended, not conquered
  • 18. Taoist Values
    • Eschews dichotomies
  • 19. Taoist Values
    • Pacifism
  • 20. Taoist Values
    • Spontaneity & naturalness
  • 21. Types of Taoists
    • Philosophical or Literati Taoists
      • Wu Wei
  • 22. Types of Taoists
    • Medical/self-cultivating Taoists
      • Maximize Chi
  • 23. Types of Taoists
    • Religious/communal Taoists
      • Harnessing higher powers for humane ends
  • 24. Buddhist Values
    • Compassion
    • Suppression of ego
    • Living for others
  • 25. 3 poisons in Buddhism
    • Delusion
    • Craving
    • Hostility
  • 26. 5 precepts of Buddhism
    • Do not kill
    • Do not steal
    • Do not lie
    • Do not be unchaste
    • Do not take drugs or drink intoxicants
  • 27. Buddhism in China
    • Arrived from India 1 st or 2 nd century CE
    • Clashed with Confucianism
      • Redemptive power of charity & good works
  • 28. Buddhist Temple activity
    • http://youtube.com/watch?v=eqMuY9Pj28g
  • 29. Basic Tenats of Buddhism
    • Four noble truths
      • Life is dukkha—suffering—life as typically lived is out of joint which restricts movement
      • The cause of suffering is desire for private fulfillment (ego oozing like a sore)
      • We overcome suffering by letting go of desire
      • We let go of desire by following eightfold path
  • 30. Eightfold path
    • Right knowledge (of 4 noble truths)
    • Right aspiration (decide what we want)
    • Right speech (truth & charity)
    • Right behavior (see 5 precepts)
    • Right livelihood/occupation
    • Right effort (moral exertion)
    • Right mindfulness
      • “ All we are is the result of what we have thought”
    • Right absorption
  • 31. The little creek…not religion, not philosophy, but local traditions
    • It nourishes the spirit in…
      • The search for meaning in contemporary China
  • 32. Common Spiritual heritage
    • Centered on family
    • Pivots on recognition of vital energy—Qi-animating all reality
    • World is a sacred place of power & mystery
    • Humans must cooperate with the power & make it operative in society
  • 33. So how does all this apply to us???
  • 34. Buddhism promotes
    • Compassion
    • Suppression of ego
        • Individual
        • National
    • Living for others
    • Joy
  • 35. Confucianism stresses
    • Strong family
    • Education
    • Civil treatment of others
  • 36. Taoism stresses
    • Pacifism
    • Naturalness
    • Working with nature
    • Eschewing dichotomies
  • 37. These are qualities the West needs, has too little of, and should learn.
  • 38. Religious freedom or restriction
    • 1982 Document 19 on religious policy
      • Declared 5 religions legitimate:
        • Buddhism
        • Daoism
        • Catholicism
        • Protestantism
        • Islam
      • Document is ambiguous & enforcement capricious
  • 39. Buddhist temples
    • Government funds used to restore temples destroyed during Cultural Revolution
    • New temples constructed with private funds by monks & nuns
      • Gives donors merit through contributions
      • Important to participate in moral revival of China