Roots of Imperialism
Causes of Imperialism <ul><li>Economic Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New mar...
America, World Power?? <ul><li>Naval power in Pacific Ocean grows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Matthew Perry sailed the Pacific a...
Hawaii <ul><li>US-Hawaii trade relationship since 1790s </li></ul><ul><li>White, American planters convince king to create...
<ul><li>American’s take over Hawaii with help of US Marines </li></ul><ul><li>Americans applied for annexation  </li></ul>...
Spanish-American War <ul><li>Important because… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>America risked war to acquire colonies.  Major chang...
<ul><ul><li>The  Maine  blows up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yellow press published that the Spanish had bombed or torp...
US Battles the Spanish <ul><li>First battle against Spain wasn’t in Cuba, but the Philippines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dewey ...
<ul><li>EFFECTS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty of Paris </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Officially ended the war </li></ul></...
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Roots of imperialism

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Roots of imperialism

  1. 1. Roots of Imperialism
  2. 2. Causes of Imperialism <ul><li>Economic Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New markets in which to sell finished goods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Military Strength </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Needed to show the strength of our military </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Superiority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Darwinism: belief that life consists of competitive struggles where only the fittest survive </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. America, World Power?? <ul><li>Naval power in Pacific Ocean grows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Matthew Perry sailed the Pacific and negotiated a treaty to trade with Japan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Seward Buys Alaska </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Journalists referred to the purchase as “Seward’s Icebox” and “Seward’s Folly” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alaska rich in timber, oil, and other natural resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Influence in Latin America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ sphere of influence” </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Hawaii <ul><li>US-Hawaii trade relationship since 1790s </li></ul><ul><li>White, American planters convince king to create constitution that only allowed wealthy property owners to vote </li></ul><ul><li>Crises </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US tariff on sugar would make Hawaiian sugar cost more </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Queen Liliuokalani abolished constitution </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>American’s take over Hawaii with help of US Marines </li></ul><ul><li>Americans applied for annexation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some problems but eventually annexed in 1898 </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Spanish-American War <ul><li>Important because… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>America risked war to acquire colonies. Major change in policy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cubans rebelled against Spanish colonizers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Americans supported Cuban fight for freedom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yellow Press: newspapers called this in part because they carried a comic strip called the Yellow Kid , but also plastered sensational headlines—exaggerated Spanish atrocities </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><ul><li>The Maine blows up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yellow press published that the Spanish had bombed or torpedoed the ship </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>WAR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>War fever gripped the nation, pushed Congress to declare war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Remember the Maine !” </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. US Battles the Spanish <ul><li>First battle against Spain wasn’t in Cuba, but the Philippines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dewey lands his squadron in Manila Bay, held by Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Destroyed the Spanish force located there </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philippine nationals defeated the Spanish army </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wins follow in Cuba </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Despite obsolete weapons and poor supplies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rough Riders: unit led by Theodore Roosevelt, became famous for victories for Kettle and San Juan hills </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>EFFECTS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty of Paris </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Officially ended the war </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spain gave up control of Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Guam AND sold Philippines to US </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans debate imperialism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>President McKinley pushed idea that it was US responsibility to “educate and civilize” places like Guam </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-imperialists rejected this argument </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Said imperialism was “open disloyalty to the distinctive principles of our government” (anti-democratic) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Major debate in US Senate, but voted to accept the Treaty of Paris </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US takes new role with its own empire </li></ul></ul>

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