Populism

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Populism

  1. 1. Segregation and Social Tensions <ul><li>African Americans lose freedoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State laws keep African Americans from voting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jim Crow laws legalize segregation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Booker T. Washington </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urged African Americans to establish themselves economically </li></ul></ul><ul><li>W.E.B. Du Bois </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Argued for full and immediate equality </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Ida B. Wells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote newspaper articles and made speeches against lynching </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Chinese Immigrant Discrimination <ul><li>While African Americans are facing discrimination in the South, Asian immigrants were facing discrimination in the West </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese Exclusion Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibited Chinese laborers from entering the country </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chinese immigrants used the court system to fight for their rights. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Mexican Americans <ul><li>After the Mexican-American War, the treaty guaranteed property rights of those who lived in the southwest before the war. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 out of 5 Mexican Americans lost their land despite this provision </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Las Gorras Blancas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexican American group that fought back, targeting white ranches </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also used newspapers to voice their complaints </li></ul>
  5. 5. Women <ul><li>Right to Vote </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fought for constitutional amendment that would allow women to vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Susan B. Anthony & Elizabeth Cady Stanton </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More women accepted into college </li></ul><ul><li>Women played important roles in reform movements </li></ul><ul><li>Became more organized through groups like the Women’s Christian Temperance Union and the National Woman Suffrage Association </li></ul>
  6. 6. Gilded Age Politics <ul><li>Stalemate in Washington </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Few political gains were made because the presidents were weak and Congress couldn’t agree </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Corruption <ul><li>Spoils system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Politicians awarded government jobs to loyal party worker regardless of their qualifications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helped to make political parties extremely powerful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very high voter turnout during this age, due to spoils system </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Political Cartoons <ul><li>Cartoonists like Joseph Keppler and Thomas Nast exposed illegal activities in government </li></ul>
  9. 9. Civil Service Reform <ul><li>Civil service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>System that includes federal jobs in the executive branch </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reforms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government workers get jobs due to expertise and keep them regardless of party affiliation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pendleton Civil Service Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Created a Civil Service Exam </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jobs based on exam performance </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Economic Issues <ul><li>Gold Standard </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gold was the basis of the country’s currency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Taxes on Imports? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tariff: tax on imports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Idea was to protect new industries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Republicans wanted a high tariff that would promote jobs and new industries </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats wanted to lower tariffs because it raised costs for American consumers </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Monetary Policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>During Civil War govt. issued paper money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contributed to inflation (rise in prices) so “retired” paper money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coinage Act, 1873 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Govt. began minting (making) silver coins </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Debate followed that questioned whether money should ONLY be gold or could be gold AND silver </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Afraid that silver money would hurt our economy </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Causes of Farmer Organization <ul><li>Falling Prices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost farmers more to produce their crops than they could sell them for. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Raising costs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers had to pay more for needs like machinery, seeds, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many went into debt to continue farming </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Big Business Practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Railroads & other monopolies could charge whatever prices they wanted </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Farmers Organize <ul><li>The Grange </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oliver Kelley, organized by </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 1 million members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provided education on new farming techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Called for regulation of railroads and grain elevator rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pushed fed. Govt. to create the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) to regulate transportation </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Farmers’ Alliance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As the Grange declined, Farmers’ Alliance became important reform organizations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formed cooperatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Collectively sold their crops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hoped to push down cost of business and raise the price for crops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Called for low interest federal loans </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Populist Party <ul><li>Farmers’ Alliance led to formation of the Populist Party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ People’s Party” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spread rapidly and put pressure on the major parties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Coinage of silver </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government ownership of railroads </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Women’s suffrage </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Populist Successes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1892 elections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 governors, 5 senators, 10 congressmen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Next election many more Populists elected </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Economic Crisis <ul><li>Four-year depression hurt farmers and other Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Americans unhappy with response of major parties to this crisis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Populists hoped this would prompt voters to vote for them </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Election of 1896 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Democrats choose William Jennings Bryan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bryan supported a number of Populist ideas </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Republicans chose William McKinley </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Raised more money than any previous candidate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30 times more than Bryan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>McKinley won election </li></ul><ul><li>Popular support for the Populist Party declined </li></ul>
  19. 19. Causes Event Farmers Organize Effect

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