COM 583 Ethics and Editing
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  • Plan for today.\n6:00-6:15\n*Answer general questions\n*Today’s Agenda\n*Talk about assignments for next week\n*Intro Joy & why we’re talking to her\n6:15-7 Joy\n7-7:15 Break\n7:15-8:30 Ethics\n8:30-9:45 Capturing & Editing\n9:45-9:50 Feedback Cards\n
  • \n
  • Joy: 6:15-7pm\nwe introduce how & why we know her; how we met her - the week we spent, why - response we got from the video\nshe introduces herself and talks a bit - and give us an update of how your life has changed since a year ago.\n\nthen Q&A with the class\n\nOur students are all working on character-driven stories; some about pretty personal topics. they’ve heard a lot from us, from the journo perspective - but we want to give the chance to hear from the other side of the story.\n\nWas this the first time you ever had a story told about you like this? What was your first thought when you were asked to participate? Why did you say yes? What were you expecting? How was the actual experience different (if at all)? What was your favorite part of the process, what was your least favorite part? Did anything in your life change as a result? Did you expect that it would? What did you think of the final product? Have your feelings about it changed since the first time you saw it?  Were you surprised by any of what we chose to put in the movie? Did you remember saying everything you said? Did you like/dislike the way you were portrayed -- did you feel it was fair? Accurate? How would you have made the movie differently if you were making it yourself?  Has this changed the way you watch media?\n\nWhat do you think about the way homelessness is typically treated in the media? Did this seem like a different type of story?\n\nDo you have any questions for us that you never got to ask?\n\nHow are Keiosha and Deiosha? What was the experience like for them? Deiosha seemed really interested in the production side--has anything come out of that?\n\nPhoto business? Interesting thing that didn’t make it into the story--what is it, and what’s the status?\n\n
  • 7:15-7:30\n
  • \n
  • 7:15-7:45\n\n*What stood out - what did you have questions about - what seems obvious?\n*All pretty vague: no rules - just guidelines.\n*But NOT everything is grey.  Some things we never do.\n*Verification * Question Sources’ Motives * Be Open-Minded\n*Attention to children, grievers * Private vs. Public People\n*Conflict of Interest * Gifts * Secondary employment\n*Invite dialogue * Correct Mistakes\n\n--sfx/audio: divide between Australia & US\n
  • 7:15-7:45 \nTalk through Code (what most outlets use or build from--you are expected to know this code and conduct yourself according to it in class)\n*What isn’t there (transparency/self-criticism/community involvement or interaction)\n*What do we mean by “Transparency?”\n--reveal bias/funding/pre-conceived opinions (use Sex in City of Joy example/Daysha example)\n*What do we mean by “Self-Criticism?”\n--if you’re unsure ask/discuss it/reveal it (Grant Fuller and the UN/Lamyaa)\n*Can you imagine ethical dilemmas you might face in your reporting?/Have you faced ethical dilemmas in your own life and how did you deal with them?\nYOUR SOURCES WILL ALWAYS BE A LITTLE UNHAPPY WITH YOU AT THE END OF A STORY (THAT MEANS YOU’VE DONE YOUR JOB WELL--BUT IT ALSO MEANS YOU HAVE TO KNOW YOUR STUFF).\nAs a freelancer you are responsible for your own credibility and brand (and probably won’t be saturated in a newsroom culture)\n
  • 7:15-7:45 \nTalk through Code (what most outlets use or build from--you are expected to know this code and conduct yourself according to it in class)\n*What isn’t there (transparency/self-criticism/community involvement or interaction)\n*What do we mean by “Transparency?”\n--reveal bias/funding/pre-conceived opinions (use Sex in City of Joy example/Daysha example)\n*What do we mean by “Self-Criticism?”\n--if you’re unsure ask/discuss it/reveal it (Grant Fuller and the UN/Lamyaa)\n*Can you imagine ethical dilemmas you might face in your reporting?/Have you faced ethical dilemmas in your own life and how did you deal with them?\nYOUR SOURCES WILL ALWAYS BE A LITTLE UNHAPPY WITH YOU AT THE END OF A STORY (THAT MEANS YOU’VE DONE YOUR JOB WELL--BUT IT ALSO MEANS YOU HAVE TO KNOW YOUR STUFF).\nAs a freelancer you are responsible for your own credibility and brand (and probably won’t be saturated in a newsroom culture)\n
  • 7:15-7:45 \nTalk through Code (what most outlets use or build from--you are expected to know this code and conduct yourself according to it in class)\n*What isn’t there (transparency/self-criticism/community involvement or interaction)\n*What do we mean by “Transparency?”\n--reveal bias/funding/pre-conceived opinions (use Sex in City of Joy example/Daysha example)\n*What do we mean by “Self-Criticism?”\n--if you’re unsure ask/discuss it/reveal it (Grant Fuller and the UN/Lamyaa)\n*Can you imagine ethical dilemmas you might face in your reporting?/Have you faced ethical dilemmas in your own life and how did you deal with them?\nYOUR SOURCES WILL ALWAYS BE A LITTLE UNHAPPY WITH YOU AT THE END OF A STORY (THAT MEANS YOU’VE DONE YOUR JOB WELL--BUT IT ALSO MEANS YOU HAVE TO KNOW YOUR STUFF).\nAs a freelancer you are responsible for your own credibility and brand (and probably won’t be saturated in a newsroom culture)\n
  • 7:15-7:45 \nTalk through Code (what most outlets use or build from--you are expected to know this code and conduct yourself according to it in class)\n*What isn’t there (transparency/self-criticism/community involvement or interaction)\n*What do we mean by “Transparency?”\n--reveal bias/funding/pre-conceived opinions (use Sex in City of Joy example/Daysha example)\n*What do we mean by “Self-Criticism?”\n--if you’re unsure ask/discuss it/reveal it (Grant Fuller and the UN/Lamyaa)\n*Can you imagine ethical dilemmas you might face in your reporting?/Have you faced ethical dilemmas in your own life and how did you deal with them?\nYOUR SOURCES WILL ALWAYS BE A LITTLE UNHAPPY WITH YOU AT THE END OF A STORY (THAT MEANS YOU’VE DONE YOUR JOB WELL--BUT IT ALSO MEANS YOU HAVE TO KNOW YOUR STUFF).\nAs a freelancer you are responsible for your own credibility and brand (and probably won’t be saturated in a newsroom culture)\n
  • 7:15-7:45 \nTalk through Code (what most outlets use or build from--you are expected to know this code and conduct yourself according to it in class)\n*What isn’t there (transparency/self-criticism/community involvement or interaction)\n*What do we mean by “Transparency?”\n--reveal bias/funding/pre-conceived opinions (use Sex in City of Joy example/Daysha example)\n*What do we mean by “Self-Criticism?”\n--if you’re unsure ask/discuss it/reveal it (Grant Fuller and the UN/Lamyaa)\n*Can you imagine ethical dilemmas you might face in your reporting?/Have you faced ethical dilemmas in your own life and how did you deal with them?\nYOUR SOURCES WILL ALWAYS BE A LITTLE UNHAPPY WITH YOU AT THE END OF A STORY (THAT MEANS YOU’VE DONE YOUR JOB WELL--BUT IT ALSO MEANS YOU HAVE TO KNOW YOUR STUFF).\nAs a freelancer you are responsible for your own credibility and brand (and probably won’t be saturated in a newsroom culture)\n
  • 7:15-7:45 \nTalk through Code (what most outlets use or build from--you are expected to know this code and conduct yourself according to it in class)\n*What isn’t there (transparency/self-criticism/community involvement or interaction)\n*What do we mean by “Transparency?”\n--reveal bias/funding/pre-conceived opinions (use Sex in City of Joy example/Daysha example)\n*What do we mean by “Self-Criticism?”\n--if you’re unsure ask/discuss it/reveal it (Grant Fuller and the UN/Lamyaa)\n*Can you imagine ethical dilemmas you might face in your reporting?/Have you faced ethical dilemmas in your own life and how did you deal with them?\nYOUR SOURCES WILL ALWAYS BE A LITTLE UNHAPPY WITH YOU AT THE END OF A STORY (THAT MEANS YOU’VE DONE YOUR JOB WELL--BUT IT ALSO MEANS YOU HAVE TO KNOW YOUR STUFF).\nAs a freelancer you are responsible for your own credibility and brand (and probably won’t be saturated in a newsroom culture)\n
  • 7:15-7:45 \nTalk through Code (what most outlets use or build from--you are expected to know this code and conduct yourself according to it in class)\n*What isn’t there (transparency/self-criticism/community involvement or interaction)\n*What do we mean by “Transparency?”\n--reveal bias/funding/pre-conceived opinions (use Sex in City of Joy example/Daysha example)\n*What do we mean by “Self-Criticism?”\n--if you’re unsure ask/discuss it/reveal it (Grant Fuller and the UN/Lamyaa)\n*Can you imagine ethical dilemmas you might face in your reporting?/Have you faced ethical dilemmas in your own life and how did you deal with them?\nYOUR SOURCES WILL ALWAYS BE A LITTLE UNHAPPY WITH YOU AT THE END OF A STORY (THAT MEANS YOU’VE DONE YOUR JOB WELL--BUT IT ALSO MEANS YOU HAVE TO KNOW YOUR STUFF).\nAs a freelancer you are responsible for your own credibility and brand (and probably won’t be saturated in a newsroom culture)\n
  • 7:15-7:45 \nElicit: What does attribution mean?\n\nTwo things: Giving people credit for their work\nPhotographers, Stringers (but not editors or sources)\n\nSaying where your information comes from.\n
  • 7:15-7:45\n
  • Questions on next slide. 7:45-8:10 for reading, small groups - then 8:10-8:30 to discuss.\n
  • 7:45-8:30 for full discussion\nQuick summary of what happened, what the discussion we read was about.\n\nForm small groups - count off to mix up the crowd.\nAssign one person to report back to the class on your discussion\nTalk through the above questions\n\nStart with talking about the story/blogs. At the end, think about your own reporting.\nThere is surely something you’re not quite clear on. Present it to the group & discuss.\nPersonal: power/$, using your friends, getting permission, accepting gifts, staying on a fishing boat...\n\nWe’ll take about 10 minutes to talk and then do reportbacks.\n
  • 7:45-8:30 for full discussion\nQuick summary of what happened, what the discussion we read was about.\n\nForm small groups - count off to mix up the crowd.\nAssign one person to report back to the class on your discussion\nTalk through the above questions\n\nStart with talking about the story/blogs. At the end, think about your own reporting.\nThere is surely something you’re not quite clear on. Present it to the group & discuss.\nPersonal: power/$, using your friends, getting permission, accepting gifts, staying on a fishing boat...\n\nWe’ll take about 10 minutes to talk and then do reportbacks.\n
  • 7:45-8:30 for full discussion\nQuick summary of what happened, what the discussion we read was about.\n\nForm small groups - count off to mix up the crowd.\nAssign one person to report back to the class on your discussion\nTalk through the above questions\n\nStart with talking about the story/blogs. At the end, think about your own reporting.\nThere is surely something you’re not quite clear on. Present it to the group & discuss.\nPersonal: power/$, using your friends, getting permission, accepting gifts, staying on a fishing boat...\n\nWe’ll take about 10 minutes to talk and then do reportbacks.\n
  • 7:45-8:30 for full discussion\nQuick summary of what happened, what the discussion we read was about.\n\nForm small groups - count off to mix up the crowd.\nAssign one person to report back to the class on your discussion\nTalk through the above questions\n\nStart with talking about the story/blogs. At the end, think about your own reporting.\nThere is surely something you’re not quite clear on. Present it to the group & discuss.\nPersonal: power/$, using your friends, getting permission, accepting gifts, staying on a fishing boat...\n\nWe’ll take about 10 minutes to talk and then do reportbacks.\n
  • 7:45-8:30 for full discussion\nQuick summary of what happened, what the discussion we read was about.\n\nForm small groups - count off to mix up the crowd.\nAssign one person to report back to the class on your discussion\nTalk through the above questions\n\nStart with talking about the story/blogs. At the end, think about your own reporting.\nThere is surely something you’re not quite clear on. Present it to the group & discuss.\nPersonal: power/$, using your friends, getting permission, accepting gifts, staying on a fishing boat...\n\nWe’ll take about 10 minutes to talk and then do reportbacks.\n
  • Can’t ignore talking about some of the great current examples of murky journalistic ethics on display in the news.\n\n*Anyone think of examples?\n*Economist\n--What do you think?\n--Why unethical?\n--How could they have handled this better?\n\nEditing should maintain the integrity of the photographic images' content and context. Do not manipulate images or add or alter sound in any way that can mislead viewers or misrepresent subjects.\n\n*Wikileaks\n--Endangering sources/troops\n\n*McChrystal/Rolling Stone\n--Getting too close to sources (embedding)\n\n
  • Can’t ignore talking about some of the great current examples of murky journalistic ethics on display in the news.\n\n*Anyone think of examples?\n*Economist\n--What do you think?\n--Why unethical?\n--How could they have handled this better?\n\nEditing should maintain the integrity of the photographic images' content and context. Do not manipulate images or add or alter sound in any way that can mislead viewers or misrepresent subjects.\n\n*Wikileaks\n--Endangering sources/troops\n\n*McChrystal/Rolling Stone\n--Getting too close to sources (embedding)\n\n
  • Can’t ignore talking about some of the great current examples of murky journalistic ethics on display in the news.\n\n*Anyone think of examples?\n*Economist\n--What do you think?\n--Why unethical?\n--How could they have handled this better?\n\nEditing should maintain the integrity of the photographic images' content and context. Do not manipulate images or add or alter sound in any way that can mislead viewers or misrepresent subjects.\n\n*Wikileaks\n--Endangering sources/troops\n\n*McChrystal/Rolling Stone\n--Getting too close to sources (embedding)\n\n
  • Can’t ignore talking about some of the great current examples of murky journalistic ethics on display in the news.\n\n*Anyone think of examples?\n*Economist\n--What do you think?\n--Why unethical?\n--How could they have handled this better?\n\nEditing should maintain the integrity of the photographic images' content and context. Do not manipulate images or add or alter sound in any way that can mislead viewers or misrepresent subjects.\n\n*Wikileaks\n--Endangering sources/troops\n\n*McChrystal/Rolling Stone\n--Getting too close to sources (embedding)\n\n
  • You may have heard this if you’re in her other class, but worth refreshing.\n\nIf you haven’t taken Ethics we’ll just touch on it briefly. Later on in the course we’ll have a more involved class on emerging ethical issues in the shifting media landscape.\n\nIn the meantime, if you have doubts ask us and refer to SPJ code.\n
  • Done By 10:45\nBang Bang Club\n(Did it seem like Terri Gross was nervous?)\n(Did anyone see the movie? Made me have lots of feeling. Hated parts of it, woke up thinking about other parts--talk about the father telling the story of son’s death, talk about the callousness of the way the talked about what they were doing)\n\nLike being a soldier?\n\nEthics (developing them as an individual instead of as a part of an organization--freelancer/entrepreneurial reality)\n\nThe Lucky Voyeur\n\nNever get in trouble for a humanitarian act? Do you agree with that? What does that mean?\n\nWhy do you think these guys (or at least one of these guys) keep going back after so many close calls and severe injuries?\n\nDo you know the story of this photo?\n-let’s talk about it\n
  • \n
  • We’re going to dive into hands on, but before we do, a few minutes of lecture\n\nThere are literally millions of work flows.  No single one is right. Depends on the camera you have, the software, where its going to be played.\nThere are a few main variables you should understand.\n\n
  • What your camera records onto\nDetermines Whether you just copy files or have to capture them in real time\nPluses and Minuses of each\n\n
  • Two sizes of HD, One size of SD (also widescreen SD) \nStill photos\nEverything is moving into 16:9 world. Best way to go.\nFor refugees project I had to crop my stills. You can put a black bar on the sides\n\n
  • Long story short, it doesn’t really matter, just keep it the same\n\nThis p means progressive\ni means interlaced\nDon’t worry about it!\n\n\n
  • Always shoot the same and match the way you shot when you import and edit.\n\n
  • There are literally hundreds of these but\nH.264 is magic -- what lets the HDSLR’s work\nProRes is for using H.264 footage in FCP\nSo is DVCPRO HD 720p, so its smaller (remember -- what does 720p mean?)\n
  • MOV is what comes out of DSLR’s \n\n
  • You can use any of these to compress\nThe settings will be the same\n\n
  • These are the settings vimeo recommends\n\n
  • Give them the handout with what they’re supposed to do \n\n
  • 5 mins - 9:45-9:50\n

COM 583 Ethics and Editing Presentation Transcript

  • 1. NARRATING LIVES ONLINE MCDM Program - Spring 2011 - COM 583
  • 2. ASSIGNMENTS★Readings - Linked from Syllabus ★Final Project Scoring Rubric ★Sample Scripts - Audio, Multimedia★Thursday, May 12th at 12 noon: ★5 best clips - quotes or b-roll ★Reporting Update #3 ★Minute paper on a story you consumed this week
  • 3. BREAK TIME
  • 4. DEBRIEF★We’ll talk Tierno next week★Reporting Updates
  • 5. SPJ CODE OF ETHICS• Seek Truth and Report It• Minimize Harm• Act Independently• Be Accountable
  • 6. ETHICAL EXPECTATIONS
  • 7. ETHICAL EXPECTATIONS• SPJ Code
  • 8. ETHICAL EXPECTATIONS• SPJ Code• Transparency and Self-Criticism
  • 9. ETHICAL EXPECTATIONS• SPJ Code• Transparency and Self-Criticism• Automatic Fails
  • 10. ETHICAL EXPECTATIONS• SPJ Code• Transparency and Self-Criticism• Automatic Fails -Making stuff up
  • 11. ETHICAL EXPECTATIONS• SPJ Code• Transparency and Self-Criticism• Automatic Fails -Making stuff up -Misrepresenting yourself
  • 12. ETHICAL EXPECTATIONS• SPJ Code• Transparency and Self-Criticism• Automatic Fails -Making stuff up -Misrepresenting yourself -Paying sources
  • 13. ETHICAL EXPECTATIONS• SPJ Code• Transparency and Self-Criticism• Automatic Fails -Making stuff up -Misrepresenting yourself -Paying sources -Manipulating Footage
  • 14. ATTRIBUTION• Licensing: Respect other people’s work• Creative Commons, Attribution, Non- Commercial, etc.• Attribute your information (especially if you can’t guarantee it)
  • 15. DO I NEED PERMISSION?• Identify yourself as Journalist• Off the Record/On the Record• Photos: public places are fair game, private requires consent• Audio: Never record secretly, get consent on recording• Video: get consent on recording, release forms
  • 16. PULITZER CENTER IN CRISIS• Read these two stories: Story about Pulitzer: http://goo.gl/DGi36 Pulitzer Response: http://goo.gl/vBwXT• In small (2-3 person) groups, discuss
  • 17. ETHICS DISCUSSION:EXHUMATION STORY
  • 18. ETHICS DISCUSSION: EXHUMATION STORY• Did the reporter, Marco Vernaschi make a mistake?
  • 19. ETHICS DISCUSSION: EXHUMATION STORY• Did the reporter, Marco Vernaschi make a mistake?• Ifso, what was his misstep? What ethical guideline did he break?
  • 20. ETHICS DISCUSSION: EXHUMATION STORY• Did the reporter, Marco Vernaschi make a mistake?• Ifso, what was his misstep? What ethical guideline did he break?• What (if anything) could or should he have done differently?
  • 21. ETHICS DISCUSSION: EXHUMATION STORY• Did the reporter, Marco Vernaschi make a mistake?• Ifso, what was his misstep? What ethical guideline did he break?• What (if anything) could or should he have done differently?• What (if anything) did he do well?
  • 22. ETHICS DISCUSSION: EXHUMATION STORY• Did the reporter, Marco Vernaschi make a mistake?• Ifso, what was his misstep? What ethical guideline did he break?• What (if anything) could or should he have done differently?• What (if anything) did he do well?• Present& discuss an ethical challenge you’ve encountered in your own reporting.
  • 23. VISUAL ETHICS
  • 24. VISUAL ETHICS
  • 25. VISUAL ETHICS
  • 26. VISUAL ETHICSEditing should maintain the integrity of the photographicimages content and context. Do not manipulate images oradd or alter sound in any way that can mislead viewers ormisrepresent subjects. ---NPPA Ethics Code
  • 27. VISUAL ETHICSEditing should maintain the integrity of the photographicimages content and context. Do not manipulate images oradd or alter sound in any way that can mislead viewers ormisrepresent subjects. ---NPPA Ethics Code
  • 28. PROF. MCFARLING’S 5 COMMANDMENTSI. Thou shalt not make stuff upII.Thou shalt not plagiarizeIII.Thou shalt not be too lazy to make that extra callIV.Thou shalt not use quotations directly from press releasesV.Thou shalt not use material from the Internet without verifying it.
  • 29. THE BANG BANG CLUB
  • 30. CAPTURING & EDITING
  • 31. VIDEO EDITING WORKFLOW
  • 32. RECORDING FORMATFLASH MEMORY MINI DV CARD
  • 33. FRAME SIZE AND ASPECT RATIO1920 x 1080 1280 x 720 640 x 480 720 x 480 “Full HD” “720p HD” “SD” “Still Photo” 16:9 16:9 4:3 3:2 1.7777777 1.7777777 1.333333 1.5
  • 34. FRAME RATE24p = Cinematic 30p = Video 60i = SlowMo
  • 35. STAY CONSISTENT!!!DON’T CHANGE SIZE, FRAME RATE UNTIL YOU’RE COMPRESSING
  • 36. CODEC THE ‘CONTAINER’ •H.264 •Apple ProRes 422 (LT) •DVCPRO HD 720p‘TRANSCODING’ = CHANGING THE CODEC
  • 37. FILE TYPE.MOV = Apple, Quicktime, Final Cut.AVI = PC, VLC, Adobe Premiere.MP4 = Compressing
  • 38. COMPRESSION SOFTWARE QuickTime Pro (Mac) = $35 Compressor (Mac) = Part of Final Cut Suite (in 306) MPEG Streamclip (Both) = Free!Adobe Media Encoder (Both) = Part of Premiere (in 302)
  • 39. COMPRESSION MAKING THE FILE SMALLER FOR THE INTERNETVideo Codec: H.264Audio Codec: AAC AudioFrame Rate: Native (don’t change it)Data Rate: 2000 kbits/sec for SD or 5000 kbits/sec for HDResolution: 640 x 480 for SD or 1280 x 720 for HDDeinterlace: YesAudio: 320 kbps/44.1 kHz (or 48 kHz if that’s how you recorded)Format: MP4 (or MOV)
  • 40. HANDS ON EDITINGPREMIERE: STAY HERE W/ ALEX FINAL CUT: 306 W/ JESSICA
  • 41. FEEDBACK CARDS★What worked today?★What didn’t work today?★What do you want more of in the future?