Three States of Matter Content Area: Science Grade Level: 3rd Summary: The purpose of this instructional PowerPoint is educate students on the three states of matter: solids, liquids, and gases. Learning Objective: Given the PowerPoint on the different states of matter, students will be able to classify the pictures on slide 12 as solids, liquids, and gases, with 100% accuracy. Content Standard: 0307.9.1 Use physical properties to compare and contrast substances. Accomplishment: Identify the three states of matter
What is Matter?The basic definition:Matter is anything with massand takes up spaceMore information on matter can be found on:http://www.chem4kids.com/files/matter_intro.html
What are the States ofMatter? There are three states of matter: solids, liquids, and gases.
What is a Solid?A solid is the simplest and most tangible state of matterA solid has these three main properties:1. a definite shape.2. a definite mass.3. a definite volume.A solid will always look the same and take up the same amount of space.
What is a Liquid?A liquid is the most fluid and ever-changing state of matterA liquid has these three main properties:1. does not have a definite shape.2. has a definite mass.3. has a definite volume.A liquid will always take up the same amount of space and take the shape of its container.
What is a Gas?A gas is the most complex and difficult to understand state of matterA gas has these three main properties:1. does not have a definite shape.2. does not have a definite mass.3. does not have a definite volume.A gas does not always weigh the same or take up the same amount of space. However, like a liquid, a gas will always take the shape of its container, no matter the size or shape of that container.
Switching Between States ofMatter Water has the ability to easily switch between the three states of matter. ICE can be thawed to become WATER which can be boiled to become STEAM which can condensate to become WATER that you can freeze to make ICE!
Take out a sheet a paper andidentify the Solids, Liquids, andGases Steam Contents inside empty Glass bowl water bottle Vinegar M&Ms Milk
Summary/Key Points Matter is anything is anything that has mass and takes up space. The three states of matter are solids, liquids and gases. Solids have a definite shape, mass and volume. Liquids have a definite mass and volume, but not shape. Gases do not have a definite mass, volume, or shape.Games to play to practice differentiating between solids, liquids and gases: http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/gamesactivities/gases.html http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/gamesactivities/statemateria ls.html