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Many wars have been fought over land, whether the reason isreligious or an ethnic reason, blood has been shed. Cyprus is only asmall island with lots of history. How is it that such a small islandhas so much diversity? It has started quite a bit of imbalancebetween the European world and the middle east. Patterns of thecountries past history up until today better explain the reasons whyCyprus has been the center of so much conflict between Europeand Turkey.
Cyprus is a very enjoyable island with sunshine all year round anda temperature that never drops below 50 degrees, and neverexceeds the upper 80’s. The island is located in the easternMediterranean basin, where it homes different wildlife. Cyprus ishome to many different types of bats, dolphins, wild goats,hedgehog and the rare capybara. The capital of Cyprus isNicosia, and the native language they speak is Greek. This islandis truly an intriguing place to live on, and perhaps that is why theGreeks and the Turks could never get along?
The island of Cyprus dates back to 9000years ago with the Khirokitia. The only othersign that the island had connection to theoutside world was the obsidian that was leftthere. Obsidian is not native to the island;this explains to experts that the people ofthe island also had connection withdifferent cultures of the world. After theKhirokitia people left the island; it wasdeserted for nearly 2000 years. Small villagesindicate life north of the Kourion at Sotira,also in the Kyrenia Mountains.
The next vital piece of the Cypriot historyis when the Greeks began to settle theisland. For a while the island wasconsidered to be a colony of Greece tothe rest of the world. Greeks had settledall over the island spreading their cultureand language, (which is why today thelanguage of Cyprus is Greek).
In 1571 Cyprus fell to Turkey and Turkish coloniesbegan to also settle on the island. By 1952, Britainhad declared the island their own colony. Here iswhere all the conflict begins. Greece was the originalsettlers to the island, as any other piece of land, itshould be rightfully theirs. Then on the other handthere are the Turks who governed the land from thelate 1500’s all the way to the early 1900’s. the historyis a recipe for disaster, however it continues tosnowball. In 1955 the Greek population declaredguerrilla warfare on Great Britain. The Turkish duringthis period petitioned that the population be dividedand then unified with their mother countries.
In 1958 Archduke of Cyprus, Makarois called forCypriot independence. And by august of 1960after the Greek and Turkish population agreedon a constitution, Cyprus had finally gained itsindependence. The imbalance does not stopthere; instead the two populations were unableto get along. The country was in havoc, withthe threat to their people, Turkish militia enteredCyprus taking over thirty percent of the northernland. The United Nations responded to thiscraziness and separated the two populationsand created a United Nations separation bufferzone, much like the buffer zone between Northand South Korea.
The United Nations made a mistake byletting the Turkish military stay in northernCyprus, on November 15th 1983, theydeclared themselves a separate nation andcalled themselves “Turkish Republic ofNorthern Cyprus”. Ten years later the unitedunion rejected the whole idea and kickedthe Turkish militia out. After this the Turkeymilitary was always a threat to Cyprus, butin 1988 George Vassiliou put an end to thethreat and scared Turkey by purchasingmissiles that could reach the country ifCyprus wanted to.
In 2004, the European Union invited Cyprusto the EU, under one circumstance; it wouldonly be the Greek part of the island thathad the invite. The election in 2004determined whether or not the countrywould be “split”. If the president that waselected was pro- unity and Greek, then theentire country could have joined the EU.Instead the battle went the other waycausing only the Greek part of the nation tojoin the EU. This again separated Cyprus.Today for the most part, Cyprus is stillseparated.
In June of 2012 Cyprus had asked the rest of the EuropeanUnion for a $17 billion bailout. Germany agreed to dish out$13 billion to the bank of Cyprus which forced the bank toraise the rest of the money by taxing all bank deposits onetime. “This tax will take 6.75 percent from insured depositsof €100,000 ($129,000) or less, and 9.9 percent fromuninsured amounts above €100,000. Depositors will getbank stock equal to whatever they lose from the tax.”Why Is this such a big deal?Cyprus has been viewed by the restof the world as a tax haven.Wealthy people from Russianand other parts of the worldput their money into Cyprus banks.To be taxed on Hundreds of thousandsof dollars, can kill someone’s wealth.
They have assets equal to 8 times thegdp. They receive an enormous amount oftheir deposits from tax-dodging Russia Cyprus invested a ton of money intoGreece They are very dependent on centralbank financing.“Cypriot banks are too big for Cyprus tosave. But somebody needs to savethem.”
The Cyprus bank crises is threatening theEuro. Why? Well for one Cyprus had somuch money in their banks which they lostafter the poor investment in greece. NowCyprus is forced to tax all the moneyinvested from other countries in their banks..In other words they have to tax the Euros.This brings up the question of “well does aeuro in Cyprus have the same value as aEuro in Germany if it’s being taxed”
The second reason that the crises mayeffect the euro is if any of these countriesin the European union decide to packup and leave for a new currency, itjeopardizes every country in the Union.All that money which is in the leavingcountry will very quickly over night beworth way less, ruining many othereconomies.
"This is an inclusive movement functioning within some principal umbrellaconcepts for which we initially united, these are:-The reunification of Cyprus.-To raise awareness of how the Cyprus Problem is but one of the manysymptoms of an unhealthy global system.It is important to elaborate on the intended inclusiveness of the last point.We have occupied the space of the buffer zone to express with ourpresence our mutual desire for reunification and to stand in solidarity withthe wave of unrest which has come as a response to the failings of theglobal systemic paradigm. We want to promote understanding of the localproblem within this global context and in this way show how the CyprusProblem is but one of the many symptoms of an unhealthy system. In thisway, we have reclaimed the space of the buffer zone to create events(screenings, talks etc.) and media of these events, which relate to thesystem as a whole and its numerous and diverse consequences. Opinionsexpressed in this manner are not necessarily of the entire group, only theumbrella points of reunification and solidarity with the global movementcan be assumed to be."
The Cyprus problem is the separation ofthe two ethnicities( Greek and Turkish).As stated above the people in themovement agree that separation withina country creates a bad global system.
By occupying the buffer zone, Greeksfrom the south and Turks from the northare forced together, there for they areforced to get to know each other. In thissituation they realize that they are not asdifferent and begin to get along.Despite being surrounded by three armiesand three sets of police, the UN included,who want them out, a group of people ofall ages, from across the island andbeyond, has broken free from the chains ofthe perennial ‘problem’ by simply living thesolution.
Around 10:15 that night police raided thepeople who believed in the unification ofcyprus. The building was created as acenter for activities of cultural andsociopolitical natures, it was open to allpeople. This wasn’t just any raid however,there had been reports of the policeshowing an extensive amount of violencetowards these innocent people. One copwas said t ohave beaten a women to thepoint of lumps and bruises. Another wasaccused for sexual assault to a 19 year oldgirl.
The demonstration the police showedseems as though it was meant to instillfear into these protesting people.How does this solve the Cyprus problem?It doesn’t, it makes one believe thatperhaps special forces of the countrydon’t want the nation to unify…
My prediction of Cyprus is that it may in the future want toleave the European Union, but due to the debt it now haswith the union it wont be able too. If it does decide toleave I believe that it will be a lot like when the U.S wantedindependence from Britain; many may agree thatbecause Cyprus is such a small island, the European Uniondoesn’t look at it as a member but instead it looks at it asa territory or a colony of the EU. This is also my predictionas to why the Greek and Turkish Cypriots wanted to unify,for independence. Yes, Cyprus is recognized as anindependent country, but because of the EU, howindependent is it really? A country that is torn down themiddle between ethnicities would have a hard timestanding up for itself if it cant get a long itself. By unifyingand finally becoming one, it makes the country stronger.
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