Maize and cornmeal constitutes a staple food in many regions of the world.
Introduced into Africa by the Portuguese in the 16th century, maize has become Africa's most important staple food crop.
Maize meal is made into a thick porridge in many cultures.
Brazil, Italy, Romania, Mexico, Vietnam, Peru, India, Pakistan, the U.S., United Kingdom, Spain, Canada and South Africa are among the many nations that use maize in their cuisines.</li></li></ul><li>Uses<br /><ul><li>Bio Fuel
Feed maize is used for heating in specialized corn stoves.
Maize is increasingly used as a feedstock for the production </li></ul> of ethanol fuel.<br /><ul><li>Chemicals and Medicine
Starch from maize is made into plastics, fabrics, adhesives, and many other chemical products.
Stigmas from female maize flowers are sold as herbal supplements.
Corn steep liquor is widely used in the biochemical industry and research as a culture medium to grow many kinds of microorganisms.</li></li></ul><li>Cultural Significance<br /><ul><li>In the United States, maize ears along with tobacco leaves are carved into the capitals of columns in the U.S. Capitol building.
A maize stalk with two ripe cobs is depicted on the reverse of the Croatian 1 lipa coin, minted since 1993.
Bundles of dried maize stalks are often displayed often along with pumpkins, gourds and straw in autumnal displays.
Staple of a classic Thanksgiving feast started by the Plymouth pilgrims and Native America Wampanoag in 1621.
The Green Corn Festival are still celebrated today by many different native peoples of the Southeastern Woodland Culture. </li></li></ul><li>Popular Culture<br /><ul><li>Field of Dreams, 1989 American drama-sports-fantasy film staring Kevin Costner about a maize farmer who plows his maize field to build a baseball diamond to host long-dead baseball players from the 1919 Chicago Black Sox.
Children of the Corn, 1977 horror short story by Stephen King (later made into a 1984 film with various sequels) about a maize field-dwelling deity who commands the children in the town to sacrifice all of the town's adults to it.
Cornman: American Vegetable Hero, 2001 cult movie about a loser who gets doused with toxic sludge from a maize field and develops the ability to communicate with ears of maize
King Corn, 2007 documentary about 2 college friends who grow an acre of Iowa maize and learn about where it will end up
KoЯn, a popular nu metal band named after the American term for maize.</li></li></ul><li>Bibliography<br /><ul><li>Wikipedia. “Maize,” Last modified Aril 17, 2011</li></ul> en.wikipedia.org/wiki/maize<br />Montanari, Massimo. The Culture of Food<br /> Cambridge: Blackwell Publishers, 1994<br />Fletcher, Nichola. Charlemagne’s Tablecloth: A Piquant History of Feasting<br /> New York: St.Martin’s Press, 2005<br />Tannahill, Reay. Food in History<br />New York: Stein and Day Publishers, 1973<br />Kenneth F. Kiple and KriemhildConeeOrnelas, editors. The Cambridge World History of Food, Volume 2<br /> Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000<br />