11.4 circumference and arc length
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11.4 circumference and arc length

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11.4 circumference and arc length Presentation Transcript

  • 1. 11.4 Circumference and Arc Length
  • 2. Objectives/Assignment
    • Find the circumference of a circle and the length of a circular arc.
    • Use circumference and arc length to solve real-life problems.
  • 3. Finding circumference and arc length
    • The circumference of a circle is the distance around the circle. For all circles, the ratio of the circumference to the diameter is the same. This ratio is known as  or pi.
  • 4. Theorem 11.6: Circumference of a Circle
    • The circumference C of a circle is C =  d or C = 2  r, where d is the diameter of the circle and r is the radius of the circle.
  • 5. Ex. 1: Using circumference
    • (a) Find the circumference of a circle with radius 6 centimeters
    • (b) Find the radius of a circle with circumference 31 meters. Round decimal answers to two decimal places.
  • 6. Solution:
    • C = 2  r
    • = 2 •  • 6
    • = 12 
    •  37.70
    •  So, the circumference is about 37.70 cm.
    • C = 2  r
    • 31 = 2  r
    • 31 = r
    • 4.93  r
    •  So, the radius is about 4.93 cm.
    2  a. b.
  • 7. And . . .
    • An arc length is a portion of the circumference of a circle. You can use the measure of an arc (in degrees) to find its length (in linear units).
  • 8. Arc Length Corollary
    • In a circle, the ratio of the length of a given arc to the circumference is equal to the ratio of the measure of the arc to 360 °.
    Arc length of 2  r = 360 ° or Arc length of = 360 ° • 2  r m m
  • 9. More . . .
    • The length of a semicircle is half the circumference, and the length of a 90 ° arc is one quarter of the circumference.
    ½ • 2  r ¼ • 2  r r r
  • 10. Ex. 2: Finding Arc Lengths
    • Find the length of each arc.
    50 ° a. 50 ° b. 100 ° c.
  • 11. Ex. 2: Finding Arc Lengths
    • Find the length of each arc.
    50 ° a. a. Arc length of = # of ° 360 ° • 2  r  4.36 centimeters a. Arc length of = 50 ° 360 ° • 2  (5)
  • 12. Ex. 2: Finding Arc Lengths
    • Find the length of each arc.
    50 ° b. b. Arc length of = # of ° 360 ° • 2  r b. Arc length of = 50 ° 360 ° • 2  (7)  6.11 centimeters
  • 13. Ex. 2: Finding Arc Lengths
    • Find the length of each arc.
    100 ° c. c. Arc length of = # of ° 360 ° • 2  r c. Arc length of = 100 ° 360 ° • 2  (7)  12.22 centimeters In parts (a) and (b) in Example 2, note that the arcs have the same measure but different lengths because the circumferences of the circles are not equal.
  • 14. Ex. 3: Using Arc Lengths
    • Find the indicated measure.
    60 ° a. circumference Arc length of 2  r = 360 ° 3.82 2  r 6 1 = 3.82 2  r 360° 60° = 3.82(6) = 2  r 22.92 = 2  r C = 2  r; so using substitution, C = 22.92 meters. m
  • 15. Ex. 3: Using Arc Lengths
    • Find the indicated measure.
    b. m Arc length of 2  r = 360 ° 18 2  (7.64) 360° = 135 °  m m m • 360 ° 360 ° •  So the m  135 °
  • 16. Ex. 4: Comparing Circumferences
    • Tire Revolutions: Tires from two different automobiles are shown on the next slide. How many revolutions does each tire make while traveling 100 feet? Round decimal answers to one decimal place.
  • 17.
    • Reminder: C =  d or 2  r.
    • Tire A has a diameter of 14 + 2(5.1), or 24.2 inches.
    • Its circumference is  (24.2), or about 76.03 inches.
    Ex. 4: Comparing Circumferences
  • 18.
    • Reminder: C =  d or 2  r.
    • Tire B has a diameter of 15 + 2(5.25), or 25.5 inches.
    • Its circumference is  (25.5), or about 80.11 inches.
    Ex. 4: Comparing Circumferences
  • 19.
    • Divide the distance traveled by the tire circumference to find the number of revolutions made. First, convert 100 feet to 1200 inches.
    Ex. 4: Comparing Circumferences TIRE A: 100 ft. 76.03 in. 1200 in. 76.03 in. = 100 ft. 80.11 in. 1200 in. 80.11 in. =  15.8 revolutions TIRE B:  15.0 revolutions
  • 20. Ex. 5: Finding Arc Length
    • Track. The track shown has six lanes. Each lane is 1.25 meters wide. There is 180 ° arc at the end of each track. The radii for the arcs in the first two lanes are given.
      • Find the distance around Lane 1.
      • Find the distance around Lane 2.
  • 21. Ex. 5: Finding Arc Length
    • Find the distance around Lane 1.
    • The track is made up of two semicircles and two straight sections with length s. To find the total distance around each lane, find the sum of the lengths of each part. Round decimal answers to one decimal place.
  • 22.
    • Distance = 2s + 2  r 1
    • = 2(108.9) + 2  (29.00)
    •  400.0 meters
    • Distance = 2s + 2  r 2
    • = 2(108.9) + 2  (30.25)
    •  407.9 meters
    Ex. 5: Lane 1 Ex. 5: Lane 2