Thought Revolution Magazine-October 2013


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Thought Revolution Magazine-October 2013

  1. 1. Vol.4 / oct/nov 2013 Edition The PATRIOTISM we are YET to KNOW! My Ghana “Call For Peace” Experience 12 TRUCE. Q&A BIMBO OSUNKUNLE Wildlife Preservation in Africa Poverty and Ignorance in the face of the 2015 Elections FOR THE DESTINIES IN CHARGE OF CHANGE Matured Social Intervention . .Meaningful Social Intervention, The Mainstream Media and Fruitlessness of Raw Anger By Taiwo Akinlami Annual Subscription:  Free
  2. 2. Contents Memo MONGOLIA6 Macabre Metropolitan Motorways 6 Lenora Shiroka 7 Angela Zhang 7 Kayla Cornale, 16 7 Paul Rusesabegina 8 The Square 10 3D Printing Pencil 10 Animated Bottle Labels 10 Carl Lewis And Ben Johnson 11 Two brothers killed by the same taxi driver, one year apart 11 DR. HAWA ABDI 12 DRIUNI JAKANI 12 POST-PESSIMISTS12 Egypt to Try Former President Mohamed Morsy In Protest Deaths 13 Nelson Mandela released from hospital 13 Ghana court dismisses vote challenges, says president ‘validly elected’13 Iran warns US to stay out of Syria 14 Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe sworn in for another term 14 Mali capital hit by deadly floods 14 UN helicopters strike Congolese rebels 14 Pope recalls envoy over abuse accusations 15 Teachers protest new Mexico education reform 15 Syria strike set to overshadow G20 summit 15 Features Matured Social Intervention ...Meaningful Social Intervention, The Mainstream Media and Fruitlessness of Raw Anger 18 The PATRIOTISM we are YET to KNOW!23 Impediments to Self Determination 27 Egypt: An evolving front 29 Business Prescience31 The Importance of Entrepreneurial Collaboration in Africa African Entrepreneurs on the Global Stage Generations Emotionally Balanced: CHECK 1, CHECK 2 Healthy Mom Healthy Baby.... Before and After Pregnancy Child Domestic Helps in Nigeria Government and Citizen Poverty and Ignorance in the face of the 2015 Elections Building a National Identity Database in Nigeria African Leadership: A Resolve to Africa’s development View Point My Ghana “Call For Peace” Experience 2013/2014 EPL Season: Toxic Relationship Briefs Wildlife Preservation in Africa Science And God African Beauty People, places and Events The Victoria Falls Passnownow event Natural Hair Month Event 12 TRUCE. QA BIMBO OSUNKUNLE 32 33 37 39 41 43 44 46 51 53 55 59 60 61 65 67 68 69 Art and Style The New North: 73 Our World in 2050 73 TR Movies for the month 74 Sir Victor Uwaifo 75 Accessorized76 Afang Soup 79 TR Magazine  3
  3. 3. TR Publication Our Mission Statement Publisher Olakunle soriyan (Founder/Principal Transformation Strategist, OSC NG) “Every generation needs a new revolution” —Thomas Jefferson Editor-in-chief Tiwalade soriyan (NG) Editor- at-Large Barrister Taiwo Akinlami (NG) STRATEGY AND BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT Adebayo Tosin(NG) Bukola Ogunduyile(NG) Editor Edion Esohe(NG) Assistant Editors and Project Owner Sogaolu Olusola(NG) Contributors Rachel Brandt(USA) Omer Assad(PKT) Gareth Hunt(UK) Matt S.(UK) Jelan A. (Philippines) Robert P.(UK) Vanessa Alves(UK) Mayowa Olaniran(NG) Samuel Okonkwo (NG) Adeola Oluwaseun(NG) Tochukwu Ezeukwu(NG) Adedola Adekolu-John(NG) Efe Paul (NG) Tochukwu Ezeukwu(NG) Folawe Banigbe(NG) Mayowa Olaniran (NG) Adeola Oluwaseun(NG) Samuel Okonkwo(NG) Joyce Ikhile (NG) 9ja Foodie (NG) Information Technology Officer Adesola Fakile (NG) Thought Revolution™ is committed to gathering and disseminating cutting-edge information and nation building ideals, and findings from credible organisations and individuals in the pursuit of the completely nonviolent economic and social renaissance of the people and institutions of Nigeria, Africa, and the rest of the so-called Third-World as a deliberate effort to provoke the spirit of pioneering for global competitiveness. It is an issue-based and current affairs-focused publication, committed to quality contents, developed by the best hands in their areas of expertise. Thought Revolution™ heralds a renaissance long foreseen by John F. Kennedy, almost three (3) decades ago when he declared of the people of the so-called Third World: “The great battleground for the defense and expansion of freedom today is the whole southern half of the globe... the lands of the rising peoples. Their revolution is the greatest in human history. They seek an end to injustice, tyranny and exploitation. More than an end, they seek a beginning.” The ultimate goal of the publication is to propel the destinies in charge of change to rise in the pursuit of the economic and social renaissance of the people and institutions of Nigeria, Africa and the so-called Third worlders for the common good; in a non-violent commitment. TR is against violent expression of conviction. It believes that violence is the armed expression of the weakness and depravity of the human spirit. The focus is not to change government but to address the attitudinal imbalances of all stakeholders (in the public and private sectors) and the people they represent. Vol.4 October 2013©2013 by Olakunle Soriyan Company LTD., No. 12, Aba Johnson Creasent, Harmony Enclave, Off Adeniyi Jones Avenue, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria. All rights reserved. TR™ is written and edited for a worldwide audience and is published monthly, except occasionally when two Issues are combined together into one extended issue that counts as two subscription copies. To order reprint, e-prints, posters and plaques or request permission to republish TR™ content please contact us by sending an email to Letters to the Editor, with the writer’s name and address, should be emailed to Please note that letters may be edited for reasons of space and clarity. Also note that thoughts, facts and notions of articles are that of the writer and not necessary the position of the Magazine. 4  TR Magazine
  4. 4. Memo MONGOLIA6 Macabre Metropolitan Motorways 6 Lenora Shiroka 7 Angela Zhang 7 Kayla Cornale, 16 7 Paul Rusesabegina 8 The Square 10 3D Printing Pencil 10 Animated Bottle Labels 10 Carl Lewis And Ben Johnson 11 Two brothers killed by the same taxi driver, one year apart 11 DR. HAWA ABDI 12 DRIUNI JAKANI 12 POST-PESSIMISTS12 Egypt to Try Former President Mohamed Morsy In Protest Deaths 13 Nelson Mandela released from hospital 13 Ghana court dismisses vote challenges, says president ‘validly elected’ 13 Iran warns US to stay out of Syria 14 Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe sworn in for another term 14 Mali capital hit by deadly floods 14 UN helicopters strike Congolese rebels 14 Pope recalls envoy over abuse accusations 15 Teachers protest new Mexico education reform 15 Syria strike set to overshadow G20 summit TR Magazine  5
  5. 5. Memo Nation in Focus MONGOLIA Over the last two decades, Mongolia has moved from the back seat of the Asian contest to the forefront. Mongolia’s transformative journey began when it changed from a socialist country to a vibrant multiparty democracy, thus engendering economic boom in the process. Mongolia’s threshold of a transformation is driven by the exploitation of its vast mineral resources; its share of mining in GDP today stands at 20 percent, twice the ratio of a decade ago. The economy grew by 17.3% in 2011, compared to 6.4% GDP growth in 2010. GDP is expected to continue on a spiral growth at a double digit rate over the next four years. Mongolia’s economic growth has translated into some benefits for its people; Poverty has been on a downward trend over the past decade. Most recently, it decreased from 39.2% in 2010 to 29.8% in 2011. Substantial progress has also been made in regard to several Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) at the national level, though significant regional disparities prevail. To ensure sustainable and inclusive growth, Mongolia is making efforts to strengthen its institutional capacity to manage public revenues efficiently and limit the effects of Dutch Disease; allocate its resources effectively among spending, investing, and saving; reduce poverty; and offer equal opportunities to all its citizens in urban and rural areas and it aims to achieve it in a manner that protects the environment and intergenerational equity. Mongolia has now become one of the fastest growing countries in the world, and finds itself on the threshold of prosperity. With its vast mineral resources, including copper, gold and coal, the economy is expected to maintain a fast pace in the years ahead, although vulnerabilities remain. If carefully managed, this growth could substantially reduce poverty and lead to Mongolia’s emergence as a middle-income country. Structures are also being been erected to ensure a continuous progressive development in the country. In infrastructure over 67,000 solar home systems were sold between 2006 and 2012, reaching herders in every province in the country. As a result, more than half a million people covering between 60-70% of Mongolia’s nomadic herders now have access to electricity. Also, Rural development, education are improving the livability of Ulaanbaatar (The capital and largest city of Mongolia). Other, development initiatives include; ensuring sound management within the mining sector, sustainable infrastructure development in southern Mongolia, environmental protection, policy development and air pollution abatement measures are all part of the formidable structures to ensure Mongolia a viable placement in the Asian contest. The ADB is also committed to fostering a sustainable and inclusive growth process that benefits all Mongolians. Assistance will focus on transport, energy, and water supply infrastructure; access to education and health; and regional economic cooperation. Concerns Macabre Metropolitan Motorways Nigerian roads have been described as many things and often times have triggered passionate altercations at different levels, including international news platforms, Senate houses and amongst contending road users. Traffic in the metropolis accounts for a huge chunk of time expenditure of its metropolitans, for instance; those working in Lagos (the business heart of Nigeria), spend an average of about 3hours in traffic daily on a route that would normally take not more than 30mins on weekends. Vehicle maintenance also zaps a great deal off the income of vehicle owners as the terrible roads condition takes its toll on cars. Traffic is something the metropolis must find a solution to and quick, the vision to make a Mega city of Lagos is being threatened by the long hours of traffic that depresses people’s creativity, tranquillity and health. The efforts of the government to manage the horrific states of the motorways are welcomed and quite overdue, metropolitans cannot wait to 6  TR Magazine  have a less busy traffic city. Recently the Lagos commissioner for Works and infrastructure, Dr. Kadri Hamzat, lamented on the deplorable state of many federal and state roads in Lagos and specifically named the Airport Road, Lagos-Abeokuta Expressway and Apapa-Oshodi Expressway, describing them as eyesores, he also said the Lagos state government is ensuring that the main routes in Lagos are motor-able, to that effect the Lagos state governor Babatunde Fashola also commissioned the first ever paving stone production line to help foster the rehabilitation of the motorways. Despite the efforts to rehabilitate the motorways, the timing and duration has generated even a more perturbing traffic situation; the timing of the construction which stretches to the rainy season is an aberration and as such, induces untold hardship on motorist. Also, the fact that the major means of transportation in Nigerian metropolis are via the motorways which have been limited to public buses, tricycles, private cars and private motorbikes further commensurate the difficulty in transportation. The combination of heavy rain falls and floods expected around the country this year complicates the traffic phenomenon. With the rainfalls, stationary water gets stuck on the motorways (aided by drainage deficiency in the metropolis) after heavy or light rainfall and this infuses a macabre for road users. The government must begin to operate proactively and stop the arbitral Boy Scout or fire Brigade approach of solving agelong problems. To begin road construction or rehabilitation in the rainy season is an indictment on the government; the roads ought to be taken care of during the dry season and the holidays to ensure that such activities don’t become another frustrating attempt to make people’s lives better.
  6. 6. Memo Few in years, aged in impact Lenora Shiroka enora Shiroka joined the Post-Pessimists when she was 14 years old and became president two years later. One of the projects she has been involved with through the Post-Pessimist group is Children to Children, in cooperation with Children’s Aid. It is a project in which Leonora and other members of the group go to high schools and talk to young people about alcohol abuse, drug abuse, and family problems. Leonora organized the Golden Hands project, which gathered 25 children from the war-torn zone of Dernitza to participate in reading, writing, and storytelling workshops. Together this group of five to twelve year olds produced theatre performances, artwork on paper, computer workshops and concerts. It has been highly successful and it offers these people a respite from the ravages of war that still surround them. The following is a speech that Shiroka delivered upon accepting the Wright Dunbar Prize on behalf of the Post-Pessimists in the fall of 1999: Lenora Shiroka is a remarkable young woman. She has grown up in a very complex and violent time for her home and yet she embodies a spirit of hope that cannot be diminished by the hatred of adults who will not listen to the wisdom of the children. Children can teach all of us many important lessons. The Post-Pessimists are leading the way towards a better future for Prishtina and the rest of the world by their example. “I don’t have yet a hero,” she says, “but I think that we all are heroes if we can work for peace and love in the world.” L Angela Zhang orn to Chinese immigrants, 17-year-old Angela Zhang of Cupertino, California is a student of the Monta Vista High School. Angela had an idea that would possible change the world, she walked up to her chemistry teacher Kavita Gupta and told her of the idea; she submitted a comprehensive and advance research paper she wrote in her spare time saying it’s a recipe for curing cancer. The research was simply mind blowing; Angela had cultivated the habit of reading doctorate level papers on bio-engineering and possible found a cure to one of the most devastating diseases of all times. Angela talked her way into the lab at Stanford, and started her research. Angela’s idea was to mix cancer medicine in a polymer that would attach to nanoparticles — nanoparticles that would then attach to cancer cells and show up on an MRI, so doctors could see exactly where the tumors are. Then she thought that if you aimed an infrared light at the tumors to melt the polymer and release the medicine, thus killing the cancer cells while leaving healthy cells completely unharmed. It’ll take years to know if it works in humans — but in mice — the tumors almost completely disappeared. Angela recently entered her project in the national Siemens science contest. She got a check for $100,000. She is still in high school, yet her dreams keep graduating. “I’m excited to learn just everything possible,” she said. “Everything in the sciences — biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, and even computer science — to make new innovations possible” B Kayla Cornale, 16 otivated to help her 9 year old cousin who has an autism spectrum disorder to learn to spell and read, Kayla Cornale invented “Sounds and Syllables”, a teaching system which applies the musical component of ‘pitch’ to the process of learning language. Through extensive research, Kayla discovered that autistic children have an apparent talent for tone and pitch recognition. In 2005 she was awarded the Intel Foundation Achievement Award and in 2006 she received a first place award in the Behavioural Science category. Autism is recognized as a “spectrum” of disorders, where the common denominator is a deficit in social relatedness that acts to impair a child’s ability to communicate and learn. Each year 1 in 150 children are diagnosed with autism. This year, more children will be diagnosed with autism than with AIDS, diabetes and cancer combined. Yet little is known of its origins or how to effectively treat the condition. Sounds into Syllables, is a multi-sensory music based teaching system for children with autism. It is designed to assist them with their communication and social development difficulties by teaching them to spell, read, classify words, create simple sentences and identify the facial expressions for a series of universally recognized emotions. M Fact it I n 2007, the number of unemployed people round the world was 178 million. It reached a peak of 212 million people in 2009 before coming down to 197 million in 2012 In 2007, 3.8 million youths were unemployed; however, according to the latest International Labour Organisation estimates, in 2013 the figures will shoot up to 74.2 million across the world. Unemployment rates in any country remains a useful means through which the state of the economy is determined, as it has both social and economic implications. Governments need to create policies that counter this sudden rise. Numbers and Meanings T he world is greatly plagued with a lot of deadly diseases like HIV/AIDS, Malaria, Pneumonia, amongst many others. Humans are dying in their millions from these diseases every year. Over 35 million people are currently living with HIV/AIDS of young people living with HIV/AIDS are women 65% 90% of all children and 60% of all women living with HIV are in sub-Saharan Africa More than 11 million children die yearly from preventable health diseases such as Malaria, Diarrhoea and Pneumonia 80% E of deaths caused by Malaria occur in just 14 countries ducation needs to be provided for people living in these countries on the preventative and treatment measures for these diseases. A healthy society creates and increases the economic potential in these communities. TR Magazine  7
  7. 7. Memo Profile Paul Rusesabegina By Adeola Oluwaseun “Kindness is not an illusion and violence is not a rule. The true resting state of human affairs is not represented by a man hacking his neighbor into pieces with a machete. That is a sick aberration. No, the true state of human affairs is life as it ought to be lived.” 8  TR Magazine
  8. 8. Memo E ver heard of the book/movie; Hotel Rwanda? It was released in 2004 by American Director, Terry George. It is based on real life events that took place in Rwanda during the spring of 1994. Asides being a historical account, the book/movie doubled as an expose on the situation of the Rwandan genocide. Hotel Rwanda grossed over 30 nominations and won 13 awards around the globe in the year it was released. The major character, Paul Rusesabagina is the Rwandan who faced down the militia to protect the terrorized families who had sought shelter at the five-star Hotel des Mille Collines in Kigali where he worked. He alone had heroically saved hundreds of people from meeting a gruesome death. Paul Rusesabagina was born on July 15, 1954 to his Hutu father and Tutsi mother in Murama, Rwanda. He had eight other siblings, in that time it was common to have mixed families despite conflicts between Hutu and Tutsi; but like other families, Paul and his family did not care about their supposed differences. His parents sent him to school in a town near Gitwe; a school that was run by the Seventh-Day Adventist Church. By the age of eight he could read and speak French, and by thirteen he could read and speak English. Paul acquired the nature of protecting others as a child when his family gave shelter to refugees during the late 1950s and early 1960s when problems were developing between the Hutu and Tutsi. By the end of his teenage years, Rusesabagina wanted to pursue his interest in the church attending seminary to become a minister. He also became interested in the daughter of the African pastor of Seventh-day Adventist Church, Reverend Sembeba. Her name was Esther, and on September 8, 1967 they married and he began attending the Faculty of Theology in the nation of Cameroon to become a minister. This dream was short-lived, for he always wanted to live in the large city of Kigali, and he was worried he would be stuck as a priest in a small village without the ability to preach in the prestigious ministry positions in Kigali. So in December 1978, he, his wife, and two children moved to Kigali. When in Kigali, a childhood friend of the name Isaac Mulihano told Rusesabagina to work with him at the Milles Collines where they happened to have an opening. It was then that Rusesabagina found his true calling, using his language skills and hard work becoming a general manager, and was admitted to the hospitality program in Nairobi where he learned the differences in fine food and wine. He was later sent to Switzerland and Brussels where he learned more about cuisine, book keeping, courtesy, payroll management, how to plan institutional goals and how to hire/fire workers. However, his constant work kept him and his wife Esther detached. They separated in 1981 and he was allowed to have complete custody of their three children: Diane, Lys, and Roger. In 1987, he was invited to a wedding and found himself staring at the maid of honor whose name was Tatiana, who was working as a nurse in Ruhengeri. She was a Tutsi but Paul did not care and wanted to help her escape the prejudices from her workplace. He obtained a favor from a frequent customer of the Milles Collines, who was a Minister of Health and was able to get Tatiana a transfer to Central Hospital in Kigali. Tatiana and Paul married two years later and she adopted his children. L ater, they had their own child named Tresor. In 1992 he was promoted to assistant general manager of the sister hotel of Milles Collines named Diplomates Hotel; these hotels were owned by the Swiss-Belgian Sabena conglomerate. At these hotels he networked with important capital guests. Instead of staying in his office during the day, he would go and talk with officials and get to know them, making beneficial contacts. Shortly after, the Rwandan Genocide a.k.a the genocidal mass slaughter of the Tutsis by the Hutus that started it is considered the most organized genocide of the 20th century. Over 500,000 people were killed during the course of approximately 100 days from the assassination of Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira on April 6 through mid-July. The Rwandan Patriotic Front, a rebel group composed mostly of Tutsi refugees, invaded northern Rwanda from Uganda in an attempt to defeat the Hutuled government began the Rwandan Civil War, fought between the Hutu regime with support from Francophone Africa/France and the RPF had support from Uganda. This led to ethnic tensions in the country and in response; many Hutu gravitated toward the Hutu Power ideology, prompting of state-controlled and independent Rwandan media. According to a Human Rights Watch estimates, the death toll have ranged from 500,000–1,000,000 people or as much as 20% of the country’s total population. It was the culmination of longstanding ethnic competition and tensions between the minority Tutsi, who had controlled power for centuries, and the majority Hutu peoples, who had come to power in the rebellion of 1959–62. This incident is what brought Paul Rusesabagina into limelight. Despite teeming accusations that Paul Rusesabagina’s heroics were a distorted Hollywood account, there are still a number of values to be inculcated from the Rwandan crisis and Paul’s activity in reducing its effect. Some of which include: Selflessness • Patriotism • Professionalism on the job • Non-discriminatory outlook on life • Empathy for people in distress TR Magazine  9
  9. 9. Memo Creativity The Square Animated Bottle Labels T he Square, a latest invention by Jack Dorsey, is a small plug-in attachment to your mobile phone that allows you to receive credit card payments. This latest invention uses a small scanner that plugs into the audio input jack on a mobile device. It reads information on a credit card when it is swiped. The information is not stored on the device but is encrypted and sent over secure channels to banks. It basically makes any mobile phone a cash register for accepting card payments. As a payer, you receive a receipt via email that can be instantly accessed securely online. You can also use a text message to authorize payment in real time. Already being used in stores like Starbucks, the square is one device that Nigerian/ African retailers can incorporate into their daily businesses. 3D Printing Pencil A dvertising and branding just got a notch interesting! With the new Animated Motion labels, brand designs can now come alive. Bottles, cans, plastics and other containers can be more fun as pictures on the containers can actually move, interact and even advertise themselves. The animated labels would definitely be a catch for children; it’s a perfect way to attract and engage their curiosity, for the grownups and beer consumers it would be a major subject of discussion at social gatherings. It would be nice to see Nigerian and African brands adopt such innovative brand and product advert style. S ometimes after drawing an amazing piece, you would just wish you could pick it up and get its 3D view… you just in luck, with the new 3D printing pencil using ABS plastic (the material used by many 3D printers), you could actually draw in the air or on surfaces. It’s a compact kit that’s quite easy to use, and requires no software or computers. You just plug it into a power socket and start drawing anything within minutes. he 3Dprinting pencil extrudes heated plastic, which quickly cools and solidifies into a strong stable structure. This allows you to build an infinite variety of shapes and items with ease! Most people will instantly be able to trace objects on paper, and after only a few hours of practice you will be able to make far more intricate objects. 3Dprinting pencil is a brand new way of creating objects and artistic works. It is a real treat for artists, architects, hobbyists or 3D printing fanatics. T 10  TR Magazine
  10. 10. Memo Tale of two Carl Lewis And Ben Johnson W ith a rivalry not dissimilar to that of F1 drivers James Hunt and Niki Laude, the story of Ben Johnson and Carl Lewis is one of controversy, jealousy, success and ultimately failure. Having dominated track and field events for seven years, American athlete, Carl Lewis found a sprinting challenger at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Canadian athlete, Ben Johnson. Johnson received a bronze medal in 1984 as against Lewis’ gold, but that was only the beginning of the rivalry. After eight consecutive losses, Johnson finally beat Lewis in 1985, and by the end of 1986 he had leap-frogged him to become the number one ranked sprinter in the world. Johnson went on to set two consecutive 100m world records at the 1987 World Championships and the 1988 Olympic Games, winning two Olympic bronze medals and the coveted Olympic gold at the summer games in 1988. Lewis, who had previously set world records in the 100metre sprint and the 4x100metre and 4x 200metre relays, began trying to justify his losses, blaming first a false start, then a stomach bug, and, in 1987, he cited drug use in the sport. After Johnson’s gold medal winning summer Olympics in 1988, he tested positive for steroids, and his title was subsequently rescinded, instead handed to Lewis. Johnson later admitted to using steroids during his 1987 World Championship win, and lost that title as well. All of his world accolades went with it. Carl Lewis then went on to tally up 10 Olympic medals, 9 of them gold, and 10 World Championship medals. He was named as Olympian of the Century by Sports Illustrated, and is arguably the most successful Olympic athlete of all time. Johnson’s fall from grace ultimately led to Lewis’ heroism, it has been noted that Lewis didn’t begin his anti-drugs campaign until after he had been beaten by Johnson. It has been suggested that Lewis somehow orchestrated Johnson’s failed drugs test, but this has never been proven. Eventually we must learn from the lessons from this story: no matter how successful you are; take one wrong step and it could all disappear. Carl Lewis stayed true to the game and success returned to him, Ben Johnson was not so lucky. COINCIDENCE OR PRESCIENCE Two brothers killed by the same taxi driver, one year apart In 1975, while riding a moped in Bermuda, a man was accidentally struck and killed by a taxi. One year later, this man’s brother was killed in the very same way. In fact, he was riding the very same moped. And to stretch the odds even further, he was struck by the very same taxi driven by the same driver–and even carrying the very same passenger! (Source: Phenomena: A Book of Wonders, John Michell and Robert J. M. Rickard) Word for word “This is not encouraging, it is very retrogressive and things must change. Women must henceforth seek larger role in politics ahead of 2015 elections. Women constitute 50% of the population of the country yet cannot be identified but remembered in the political circle for only clapping and shouting; we deserve more.” The acting PDP Women Leader, Oyibo Ahaneku-Nwaneri to the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Abuja on the coming elections and the role of women. “You are better off with an ignorant person who is aware, conscious of his ignorance, who accepts that he is ignorant, but if you are ignorant of your ignorance then it’s a big problem.” President Mugabe, speaking at the National Heroes Acre in Harare, during the burial of one of the country’s veteran freedom fighters “We may not have the entire wherewithal but experience has shown that it is only when we make the first effort that the international community will come to help us. Unless we address our security challenges ourselves, the rest of the world will not do it for us.” Ambassador Ibrahim Gambari [Head of African Union Team to the ECOWAS Commission] at a team visit to the Nigerian Minister of State for Defence. “I wish I wasn’t ... There’s nothing good that comes out of that. You get more visibility as a result of it.” Bill Gates, on being the world’s richest man, in an online advertising conference in Redmond, Washington (2006) TR Magazine  11
  11. 11. Memo Builders of the old ruins DR. HAWA ABDI S aid to be the combination of Mother Theresa and Rambo, Dr. Abdi saves lives in her home country, Somalia. Somalia had been at war with itself since 1983 when the government collapsed. Without protection, foreign help organizations fled. Corruption was rampant. Reporters said food from abroad fed the conflict instead of the people. Starving Somalis were abandoned to fend for themselves. Mama Hawa” as she is known to her people, was born into a tiny group of elite Somali families. She became the only woman doctor in her Muslim country where women were expected to be neither seen nor heard. When the war broke out, Dr. Abdi chose to stay. Using all her family’s money, Mama Hawa managed “ DRIUNI JAKANI D riuni Jakani is one of the people transforming his rural community in southern Sudan from postwar devastation to economic growth and prosperity. In January, southern Sudanese voted in a referendum in favor of becoming an independent nation. In 1983, war resumed between the government in the predominantly Muslim north of Sudan and rebels in the mainly Christian and animist south. The war, which continued until 2005, devastated the south and resulted in the deaths of 2 million civilians. Jakani joined the southern rebels after being forced to witness the rape of one of his sisters by a Sudanese government soldier to protect his family. When negotiations to end the civil POST-PESSIMISTS I t began during the war in 1995, with a Kosovo Albanian and a Kosovo Serb who refused to hate each other despite the ethnic hatred all around them. They gathered with Albanian and Serbian friends in a small, old house in Prishtina to talk about peace. Because they “saw no reason yet to be optimists and did not want to surrender to pessimism either,” they called themselves the Post-Pessimists. In a country where Serbian and Albanian children were not allowed to go to the same schools, these meetings were nothing short of revolutionary. From the beginning they demonstrated that youths 12  TR Magazine  to build a 400 bed hospital. Her patients were mostly women and children. But curing her patients couldn’t keep them safe from war. By the early 1990’s Mama Hawa opened up her family farm to those forced to flee the fighting. Thousands of Somali women built their own dome shaped huts out of sticks and plastic sheeting. By the turn of the century, her community housed 90,000 refugees and had expanded to include a school for 800 children, and adult classes in nutritious cooking, farming, sewing and fishing. In 2010, Mama Hawa woke up to the war outside her window. Automatic gunfire tore through the walls as 750 fighters from the Party of Islam surrounded her home and were ransacking her hospital. She was outnumbered. While the heavily armed rebels held the compound at bay, two things happened that Somalia had rarely seen: Muslim women refugees risked their lives to stand beside Mama Hawa, and powerful clan leaders, at war with each other for 25 years, agreed Dr. Hawa Abdi should be saved. Shamed by the protesting women, and pressured by the warlords, the fighters backed down. The publicity about the incident drew international acclaim for Mama Hawa, badly needed resources for her foundation, and some firm conclusions about women and war. war began to show promise, he left the army and went to study in neighboring Uganda. In 2006, a teacher in Western Equatoria introduced Jakani to five very bright orphans who were struggling to stay in school. Undeterred by his own limited personal finances, Jakani invested what little he had in a local poultry farm to generate enough income to support the young students. By late 2008 he decided he could have more impact in his community if he started his own group. Today Lacha Community and Economic Development (LCED) has 10 employees and has been recognized as a Community-Based Organization of Excellence by the local branch of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Its mission is threefold: to support peace, agriculture, and gender equality. Jakani’s project is improving life in rural Western Equatoria. LCED has supported training in ox-plowing and bought two oxen. Today, land that took three days to plow by hand is finished in three hours. With the increased productivity, locals can now view farming as a viable business opportunity. LCED has also help in achieving remarkable milestones; for the first time, three women were chosen as chiefs of their villages. For two years Jakani worked with local women to increase their skills and confidence. And he persuaded the local men to agree to have women present at their traditional meetings. “What happened when the women began to participate is that when they spoke they made a lot of sense to people,” Jakani explains. of different ethnicities not only can co-exist but can work together to improve the lives of children and youth in an ethnically mixed environment. The organization was a bi-ethnic association for several years, until the Serbian war against Kosovar Albanians led to mass deportations in the spring of 1999, forcing Serb members to leave the city. In spite of the war, ignoring persecutions and the constant risk and imminent danger, the members never gave up. Instead, they issued an appeal to all the youths of Prishtina to unite and work together for renovation of the culture and sports center in Kosovo’s capital. The appeal was broadcast by both Serbian and Albanian radio stations, which on most matters oppose each other. No other peace organization had yet dared take such a step. They gathered approximately 600 children and youth for their project, which was accomplished with great success. In 1999, the Post-Pessimists of Bosnia Herzegovina won the Wright Dunbar Prize for social activism at the Global Peace and Tolerance Awards Ceremony.
  12. 12. Memo AFRICAN NEWS Egypt to Try Former President Mohamed Morsy In Protest Deaths F ormer Egyptian President Mohamed Morsy, will stand trial on charges of incitement to conduct murder and “thuggery” relating to clashes near the presidential palace in December, 2012. The country’s general prosecutor ordered Morsy to stand trial along with 14 members of the Muslim Brotherhood, No date was given for the trial. The charges stem from when pro and anti-Morsy protesters clashed outside the presidential palace in early December; demonstrators were protesting his thenrecent edict granting himself sweeping powers and a proposed constitution — drafted by an Islamist-dominated council — that they feared would give him even more power. After Morsy supporters chased protesters from the grounds, both sides threw rocks, fireworks and Molotov cocktails. At least 10 people were killed, according to the semiofficial al-Ahram newspaper. Citing investigators, it said that Morsy and his staff are accused of ordering supporters to attack protesters after guards and members of the Interior Ministry reportedly refused to do it. Morsy, who was deposed by the military amid widespread protest over his rule, has been held in detention since early July. Egypt has been in turmoil since then, with the military battling Muslim Brotherhood members and other Morsy supporters. Last month, about 900 people — citizens as well as members of security forces — were killed. The deaths occurred when the military used force to clear out two pro-Morsy sit-in sites in Cairo. Morsy was elected after longtime Egyptian leader Hosni Mubarak was toppled. Mubarak appeared in court as his retrial resumed on charges involving the killing of hundreds of protesters during the popular 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. Mubarak was convicted on the charges last year and sentenced to life in prison, but he appealed the ruling and was granted a retrial. A court ordered Mubarak released last month and placed under house arrest. Nelson Mandela released from hospital elson Mandela has been discharged from the Pretoria hospital where he N had been receiving treatment since June, said the South African president’s office. “Madiba’s condition remains critical and is at times unstable,” President Jacob Zuma’s office said, referring to the revered leader’s clan name. “Nevertheless, his team of doctors are convinced that he will receive the same level of intensive care at his Houghton home that he received in Pretoria.” Mandela, 95, was hospitalized June 8 because of a lung infection. He marked his July birthday at the Pretoria hospital where he has been surrounded by relatives. “During his stay in hospital from the 8th of June 2013, the condition of our former President vacillated between serious to critical and at times unstable,” the office said. “Despite the difficulties imposed by his various illnesses, he, as always, displays immense grace and fortitude.” Ghana court dismisses vote challenges, says president ‘validly elected’ hana’s Supreme Court declared President John Dramani Mahama “validly elected” as the court dismissed all claims of voter fraud, mismanagement and irregularities in the West African nation’s December 2012 presidential election. After the election, Ghana’s Independent Electoral Commission declared Mahama the winner with 50.7% of the vote, narrowly avoiding a runoff with his main challenger, Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo. But challenges followed, with allegations of widespread mismanagement and voting irregularities at more than 10,000 polling stations. Akufo-Addo and two other officials of his New Patriotic Party sued and the case went to the Supreme Court. Mahama, from the ruling National Democratic Congress party, was sworn in as president, and the court ruling means he will retain the office. The Supreme Court dismissed all six claims alleging fraud and irregularities, with judges ruling unanimously against claims that certification forms had duplicate serial numbers; that votes from phony polling places were counted and that there were duplication of polling station codes, meaning that votes from a particular voting station might have been counted twice or more. Akufo-Addo made a statement after the ruling was announced, saying he will not seek a court review of the decision, congratulating President Mahama and calling on Ghanaians to work out their “differences, ease tensions between us and come together and build our country.” G TR Magazine  13
  13. 13. Memo AFRICAN NEWS Mali capital hit by deadly floods t least 24 people have been killed in flash floods caused by torrential rain in the Malian capital Bamako, a government official said. Thousands were also made homeless as the Niger river burst its banks, destroying around 100 houses in several hours of heavy rain in a city of around two million people, Alassane Bocoum, the national director of social development, said. The worst damage was done to poorly constructed mud-brick homes on drainage sites on the banks of the river, although residents reported concrete homes had also A Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe sworn in for another term imbabwean President Robert Mugabe was sworn in for another term following disputed elections. After a judge made it official, crowds erupted into cheers and released balloons adorned with colors of the national flag. The ceremony was delayed for days by opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai’s petition challenging the July 31 election. He withdrew the court case, paving the way for the event. The nation’s electoral commission declared Mugabe the winner with 61% against the former prime minister’s 34%. Mugabe told his critics to “commit suicide” if they cannot accept his re-election. Mugabe, 89, is Africa’s oldest leader and has led the southern African nation since it got its independence from Britain. He led the newly-independent Zimbabwe, first as prime minister in 1980, then as president seven years later. Z been battered by the raging floodwaters. “A monitoring group has been set up to get people to abandon homes built largely of dried mud that could collapse,” Bocoum said, adding that the serious flooding had been confined to the capital. Flooding often leads to widespread displacements and casualties during West Africa’s June to October rainy season, as well as disease outbreaks due partly to poor sanitation. UN helicopters strike Congolese rebels nited Nations forces and the Congolese army have attacked rebel positions with helicopter gunships, armoured personnel carriers and a large U number of ground troops, ramping up the UN’s engagement in the latest rebellion to hit the country’s eastern region. The fighting was some of the fiercest in the week since the newly created UN intervention brigade went on the offensive, and one Tanzanian peacekeeper was killed after the rebels aimed artillery fire at their position, the UN said in a statement. Seven other troops were also wounded, UN spokesman Farhan Haq said. “I am outraged by today’s killing of a United Nations peacekeeper from Tanzania by the M23,’’ said Martin Kobler, the special representative of the secretary-general in Congo, who heads the peacekeeping mission. ”He sacrificed his life to protect civilians in Goma.” The fighting took place near Kibati village, about 15km from the provincial capital Goma, a city home to nearly 1 million people that was briefly captured by the M23 rebels late last year. Haq said M23 had been using the positions “to shell populated areas” and that “the objective of the operation is therefore to remove the threat against Goma”. The UN’s top military official in Congo said that at least one, and possibly two shells fell inside Goma. Residents of the city’s Mabanga Nord neighbourhood told Reuters that a 14-year-old boy was killed and others injured in one of the blasts. International News Iran warns US to stay out of Syria llegations that the Syrian regime used chemical weapons last month are a “pretext” by the West to attack the country, Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said. Iran is Syria’s main regional ally and has warned Western powers against intervening in the country’s civil war, as the United States edges towards launching strikes against the Damascus regime. A 14  TR Magazine  Washington and its allies “are using the chemical weapon allegation as a pretext,” and “are saying that they want to intervene for humanitarian reasons,” Khamenei said. “The United States is wrong about Syria, and it is certain they will suffer... just like in Iraq and Afghanistan,” Khamenei told members of the Assembly of Experts, the body that supervises his work. Separately, the chief of Iran’s elite Quds Force unit, Qassem Soleimani, said Tehran would back Syria “until the end” in the face of possible US-led military strikes.
  14. 14. Memo Some analysts believe a wider goal of US President Barack Obama’s determination to launch strikes is to blunt Tehran’s growing regional influence and any consequent threat to Washington ally, Israel. “The aim of the United States is not to protect human rights... but to destroy the front of resistance against Israel,” the Quds Force commander was quoted as saying by the media. “We will support Syria to the end,” Soleimani added in his speech to the Assembly of Experts. He did not elaborate on the nature of the support and Iran has constantly denied allegations by Western powers that it has sent military forces to prop up President Bashar al-Assad’s embattled regime. Pope recalls envoy over abuse accusations he Vatican has recalled its ambassador to the Dominican Republic and relieved him of his duties pending an investigation, after local media accused him of pedophilia, a spokesman for the Roman Catholic Church said. The Dominican Attorney General announced late that a special prosecutor had been appointed to investigate Archbishop Josef Wesolowski, who has been nuncio, or ambassador, in the capital Santo Domingo for nearly six years. Vatican spokesman, Father Federico Lombardi said the Holy See had started a probe of Wesolowski and that he had been recalled “in the last few weeks,” specifically over the pedophilia accusations. “He has been relieved of his duties and the Holy See has begun an investigation,” Lombardi said when asked about T allegations against Wesolowski in the local media. Weeks after his election in March as the first non-European pontiff in 1,300 years, Pope Francis announced he wanted the church to root out sexual abuse of children by priests and ensure that abusers are punished. Monsignor Agripino Núñez Collado, a church official in the Caribbean nation, told reporters the Vatican acted as soon as the pope had been informed of Wesolowski’s alleged “missteps.” He said Wesolowski faces possible punishment by the Vatican but may be immune from prosecution in the Dominican Republic because a nuncio has diplomatic status. Dominican Attorney General Francisco Dominguez Brito, told reporters the investigation would take into account national and international law, “given his status as a diplomat.” Teachers protest new Mexico education reform T ens of thousands of teachers have demonstrated in Mexico City, many pledging to disobey an education reform passed by Congress and championed by President Enrique Pena Nieto. Mexico’s Senate overwhelmingly passed a sweeping reform of the dysfunctional public school system early, handing Nieto an important victory in his push to remake some of his country’s worst-run institutions. The Senate gave the nod to the final so-called secondary law of an education bill that regulates the tests that Nieto says teachers should take periodically to ensure they are up to standard. New teachers could lose their teaching jobs if they fail. The Lower House approved the bill on Sunday. The Senate debated the issue and voted 102-22 in favour of a standardized system of test-based hiring and promotion that would give the government the tools to break teachers unions’ near-total control of school staffing. That control includes the corrupt sale and inheritance of teaching jobs, and it has been widely blamed for the poor performance of Mexican schools, which have higher relative costs and worse results than any other in the 34-nation Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Syria strike set to overshadow G20 summit orld leaders from G20 are meeting in St Petersburg, Russia, amid sharp differences over possible US military action against Syria, in response to what the US administration calls a deadly chemical weapons attack by the Syrian government. The summit comes hours after a US Senate panel voted to give President Barack Obama authority to use military force against Syria–the first time lawmakers in that country have voted to allow military action since the October 2002 votes authorizing the invasion of Iraq. The US and Russia, which is a key Syrian ally, remain at odds as Obama has tried to build his case for military action. The US president has vowed to continue to try to persuade his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, of the need for punitive strikes against President Bashar al-Assad for using chemical weapons when the two meet in St Petersburg. As Putin opened the summit, he spoke exclusively about the global economic crisis, which forms the primary agenda of the summit, stressing the need for coordinated international policy making, in order to combat the continuing volatility in economic markets. He suggested that world leaders discuss the subject of Syria “during dinner”, so as not to take away from the summit’s primary economic agenda. W TR Magazine  15
  15. 15. Subscribe Today! Receive daily lessons from failure Direct on your Phone PREMIUM CARD . t h o u g h t r e v o l u t i o n . PREMIUM CARD t i o n . t r e v o l u . t h o u g h Lessons from Failure FAILURE is not NORMAL and It is deep wisdom to only fail where you should, not where you should not. It is not wise for anyone to fail where seniors have. Whilst failure has its place as a necessary experience to maintain the value of success; not all failures are necessary. Failure should occur only where it is inevitable. Failure is a speech; and all winning ears must listen. It is an effort in futility to re-invent the wheel in pursuit of advancement. The only loss from failure is to miss the incredible opportunity to learn WISDOM that at times, even success cannot teach. There is amazing news in defining STRENGTH, BALANCE, GRIT, COURAGE, DIRECTION, and MOMENTUM still untaught, and even, still unknown. “LESSONS from FAILURE” is a SUBSCRIPTION BASED SERVICE direct on your phone, anywhere in the world. Subscribe to LFF today and receive daily crucial lessons from failure that will ultimately reduce your error rate by more than half. To subscribe, SIMPLY VISIT or call +234-812-811-8884
  16. 16. Features Matured Social Intervention ...Meaningful Social Intervention, The Mainstream Media and Fruitlessness of Raw Anger The PATRIOTISM we are YET to KNOW! Impediments to Self Determination Egypt: An evolving front 18 23 27 TR Magazine  17
  17. 17. Features Matured Social Intervention ...Meaningful Social Intervention, The Mainstream Media and Fruitlessness of Raw Anger By Taiwo Akinlami 18  TR Magazine
  18. 18. Features T he recent allegation that the Nigerian Senate passed a bill, legalising child marriage and the attendant public outburst has prompted this piece. Please note that this is a matter of national importance, therefore, I have not sat on the fence. I have shared my opinion in my piece, titled, ‘Constitution Amendment, Child’s Rights, The Senate and the Rest of us,’ shared on my blog ( and Published on page 81 of the Punch Newspaper on Monday, July 22, 2013 This is the second major social outburst I have witnessed in recent times, particularly since the liberalization of the machinery of expression of personal opinions with the advent of the many social media platforms, known as a critical part of the New Media. The first was the public outburst that greeted the removal of fuel subsidy in 2012. One thing that is common to both events is the way the leaders of the interventions and the public gave expression to their views. I saw that the leaders of the interventions, their followers and sympathizers were not careful not to allow words of insult, hate, name-calling, labeling, curses to badly colour what could be a meaningful social intervention. Simply put, everything was employed in communicating our anger but decorum. It was as if caution and respect for dignity of human persons were thrown out of our philosophy of communication and found a permanent resting place in the arms of comfort of whirlwind. We have acted as if the use of foul, abusive and indecorous words is the globally accepted and accredited language of meaningful social intervention, though, it is not. Another side of the coin is the disposition of the mainstream print and electronic media to issues which are supposed to be of national importance. I believe that the mainstream media does not do enough to educate the people contrary to their traditional and constitutional responsibility as the Fourth Estate of the Realm. I think the major reason why the mainstream media fail to play their roles is that they do not set an agenda with a sense of mission to tackle issues of national importance, with a view to educating the members of the public to direct their social conscience and energy in the area of positive engagement, which would in turn engender social change. I have found that the mainstream media joins the bandwagon in situations like this and embrace sensationalism over educative journalism. The mainstream media, which is believed to be run by professionals should not only exercise caution in the discharge of its historic duty, it must also moderate national debates and issues and set a long-term agenda for an issue. For example today, CNN has set agenda for bringing to the fore, the evil of human trafficking around the world and it is doing everything professional to lead a meaningful global debate in this area. It would not be a bad idea if a media outfit in Nigeria sets an agenda I have found that the mainstream media joins the bandwagon in situations like this and embrace sensationalism over educative journalism. The mainstream media, which is believed to be run by professionals should not only exercise caution in the discharge of its historic duty, it must also moderate national debates and issues and set a long-term agenda for an issue. For example today, CNN has set agenda for bringing to the fore, the evil of human trafficking around the world and it is doing everything professional to lead a meaningful global debate in this area. to expose all the sides to child marriage in Nigeria. Pathetically, many of the players in the mainstream media have operated as the social media in the times of national crisis than professional information disseminators. The social media is known for sensationalism. It establishes and maintains its relevance by giving a platform of expression to the peoples’ view on a matter. Thus for example on a social media platform like Twitter, people looks for what is trending. The social media does not have contents of its own. It waits to be fed by the users. The mainstream media should not be so. As a matter of fact it is not designed to be so. It is designed to provide contents to inform and educate the members of the public. It is very sad today that many players in the mainstream media operate like the social media. They focus on a subject, which is trending and once the matter dies down, the media goes to bed and begins to wait in the fringe for another break. This kind of roller-coaster and opportunistic journalism hold no promise for meaningful nation TR Magazine  19
  19. 19. features building, The mainstream media should moderate the anger of the populace by providing excellent and educative perspective to issues, through the instrumentality of professionalism. Where it fails in this onerous but inevitable responsibility, it promotes intellectual chaos like we recently witnessed in the matter of the senate and child marriage. I guess the point I am trying to make is that the press cannot continue to play to the gallery in public debates; it must arise and set purposeful agenda for national development by focusing on the real issues and its importance to us as a people and not sensationalism as its presently plagued. 20  TR Magazine  The truth is that knowledge and information, which is primarily the responsibility of the media to provide moderate national debate and create positive use of energy in the direction of positive national change. Lack of knowledge creates chaos. Chaos does not bring social change. Its lifespan is extremely short and cannot deliver meaning. Chaos delivers nothing but intellectual and emotional exhaustion, the forerunner of almost irredeemable frustration. Permit me at this point to take the place of the mainstream media and do a bit of social empowerment advocacy addressing the disposition of raw anger to the issue of the senate and child marriage.
  20. 20. features As a meticulous student of social struggles and an active participants in same, in the last 25 years, both within and outside the university system, bearing the scars of my involvement on my body and psyche, including detention in three detention camps in the hands of Directorate of Military Intelligence (DMI) and the dreaded State Security Service (SSS) and narrowly escaping a death sentence, I have come to the irresistible conclusion that we must maintain the discipline in social struggle to always separate the acts of the oppressors from the person of the oppressor or how the oppressor arrived at becoming an oppressor. This does not excuse the oppressor. It only helps us to factor him or her in in our agenda for social change. Nelson Mandela wrote in Long Walk to Freedom, ‘it was during those long and lonely years that my hunger for freedom for my own people became hunger for the freedom of all people, white and black. I knew as well as I knew anything that the oppressor must be liberated just as the oppressed. A man, who takes away another man’s freedom, is a prisoner of hatred. He is locked behind the bars of prejudice and narrowmindedness. I am not truly free if I am taking away someone else’s freedom, just as I am not free when my freedom is taken from me. The oppressed and the oppressor alike are robbed of their humanity.’ It is simply, being at home with our humanity as human beings, understanding that every human being is sharpened by their environment. It is called, socialization. The truth of the matter is that our senators are products of this society like all of us. As postulated by Olakunle Soriyan, there is a little Nigeria inside each and every one of us. The issue is that this little Nigeria is not seen until it finds opportunity for expression. We have seen the little Nigeria come out at different times in the social critics of yesteryears and yesterday, who later pitched their tents with the same class of people, they once demonized. I do not make a case for compromise in social struggle. And when I talk about not making a case for compromise, I talk about compromise of the goals the social struggle set out to achieve. I do not talk about compromise in tactics and strategy, which is inevitable in any meaningful struggle. When we understand the foregoing, we recognize the humanity of the man, who is being castigated today and we do it with caution, knowing that casting the first stone does not mean you are without sin. We must never condone the acts of oppression for a second. I agree with Franz Fanon that ‘every onlooker is either a coward or a traitor.’ I agree with the more recent submission of Adebayo Williams that ‘a properly educated mind, will not accept an act of When, I set out to do this piece, I took a decision that in illustrating my points, I will refrain from using any of the unprintable adjectives that have been used to qualify the members of the senate. tyranny, because to accept the act of tyranny is an act of intellectual self-dispossession.’ I believe, we must by all reasonable and dignified means hold our elected leaders accountable. But in giving expression to the prompting of our social conscience, in holding them accountable, we must do our entire best not to temper with their dignity of human person. We must be angry and yet not sin by issuing forth profanity to fellow human beings, who are husbands, fathers, wives, mothers, sons, daughters, representatives of their communities. Mandela again submits, ‘I never lost hope that this great transformation would occur. Not only because of the great heroes I have already cited, but because of the courage of the ordinary men and women of my country. I always knew that the deep down in every human heart, there is mercy and generosity. No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite. Even in the grimmest times in prison, when my comrades and I were pushed to our limits, I would see a glimmer of humanity in one of the guards, perhaps just for a second, but it was enough to reassure me and keep me going. Man’s goodness is a flame that can be hidden but never extinguished.’ When, I set out to do this piece, I took a decision that in illustrating my points, I will refrain from using any of the unprintable adjectives that have been used to qualify the members of the senate. I believe I can make my point to you as people, who have followed recent events without repeating, the language I want us to forget. The unfortunate thing is that even public figures and those who are looked up to as leaders have not shown the best of examples in their use of language. Sadly, the kind of language, we have employed in our response to the recent issue of child marriage, I must say does not add value to the struggle. Our hostile language has not helped us to communicate our TR Magazine  21
  21. 21. FEATURES grievances better. Our language gives us away as short-distance runners, who are just angry for a while and expend all their energy in a short while and crash out very sooner than they think. Our language portrays us as a people whose only strength is our verbal exertions, which has no impact in building an enduring movement for change. Anger against persons have never changed anything but anger against systems have brought great seemingly insurmountable changes to our world. Nelson Mandela wrote in Long Walk to Freedom, ‘I was asked as well as about the fears of the whites. I knew people expected me to harbour anger towards whites. But I had none. In prison, my anger toward white decreased but my anger for the system grew. I wanted South Africa to see that I loved my enemies while I hate the system that turned us against one another.’ It is also important to note that anger against the system is not expressed in too many words; it is as a matter of necessity, expressed in meticulous and careful planning. In most cases it is kept only within the knowledge of the initiated. What the public knows is also part of the plan. I think bane of our social intervention in Nigeria is that it lacks a system of intervention, which has goal or set of goal, interdependence of forces and balance of roles. When a social intervention has no coordinating authorities, it becomes a mob action. Mob action does not have the character to bring about any meaningful change. The best it could do is to become a spring board for the intervention of organized onlookers. Though, the facts of the senate deliberations have been widely misrepresented and many, who have joined the fray did not bother to find the truth of the facts, I believe we have responded this way because we are human and maybe because of the sensitivity of the matters. It is also clear in my mind that we are just getting used to the culture of social media, where censorship must be personal and responsible and this require a lot of discipline and knowledge. Many of us do not also understand that the use of abusive and fowl words may constitute an infringement on the rights of the other person. This means that two wrongs will never be equal to a right. I also know that many of us are in different level of development and we may not know better. Nelson Mandela, who Richard Stengel in his book ‘Mandela’s Way Lesson of Life’ wrote ‘we long for heroes but have too few...Nelson Mandela is perhaps the last pure hero on the planet,’ was a hothead as a young man. He embraced violence as the solution to end the oppression of his people in South Africa. As he matured, he gained better understanding and learnt his lessons. I think we have a lot to learn from him today, hence I have quoted copiously from his autobiography, ‘Long Walk to Freedom.’ Permit me to conclude with Mandela’s understanding of true test of a freedom fighter’s devotion to freedom: ‘when I walked out of the prison, that was my mission, to liberate the oppressed and the oppressor both. Some say that has now been achieved. But I know that is not the case. The truth is that we are not yet free; we have merely achieved the freedom to be free, the right not to be oppressed. We have not taken the final step of our journey, but the first step on a longer and even more difficult road. For to be free is not merely to cast off one’s chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others. The true 22  TR Magazine  It is also important to note that anger against the system is not expressed in too many words; it is as a matter of necessity, expressed in meticulous and careful planning. In most cases it is kept only within the knowledge of the initiated. What the public knows is also part of the plan. I think bane of our social intervention in Nigeria is that it lacks a system of intervention, which has goal or set of goal, interdependence of forces and balance of roles. When a social intervention has no coordinating authorities, it becomes a mob action. Mob action does not have the character to bring about any meaningful change. The best it could do is to become a spring board for the intervention of organized onlookers. test of our devotion to freedom is just beginning. Long before Dr. Nelson Mandela penned done these historic and instructive words, Dr. Martin Luther King, in his speech at the ‘March on Washington’ rally, which is today popularly known as ‘I Have a Dream’ Speech served steaming hot, a balanced and stabilizing diet of matured social intervention to his fellow comrades thus, ‘in the process of gaining our rightful place, we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred. We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline.
  22. 22. Features The PATRIOTISM we are YET to KNOW! O ur great nation celebrated her 53rd year of independence recently, and I feel responsible to take a second look at the level of patriotism prevailing in our blessed nation. Now, some have argued correctly that terrorists commit acts of barbarism in the name of patriotism—-no doubt, man’s aggressive instinct against enemy nations is a regrettable fact. At times, it is not out of place to by Olakunle Soriyan call the idea of patriotism a moral weakness when we take a second look at some of the evil the world has seen in the name of patriotism. People through the ages have carried out both horrible and wonderful acts under the banner of patriotism. Also, Science and technology have made travel and communication so easy that the world has become a global village. Race, colour, language and sex are losing importance and the concept of one world is developing. In the light of these developments, nationalism and patriotism TR Magazine  23
  23. 23. Features are losing their importance, and internationalism is taking roots. Man wants to live in peace wherever he is; whether in his birth country or anywhere. People generally feel a sense of loyalty to the environment that supports their highest aspirations, wherever that is. My country, right or wrong, may no longer be a necessarily correct view. Some have even made the bold statement that you will never have a peaceful world unless you kick out patriotism from the human race. How then are we to define it? Our personal interpretations are usually derived from our peculiar experience. However, since experiences are peculiar and principles are universal; obviously, patriotism has to be defined by principle, above personal experiences; or we will be on the side of sentiments, bias and prejudice. By principle, patriotism is actually the love for one’s country and the willingness to defend it. Any threat to a country, either by another nation, or socio-economic and political challenges within a nation, the patriotic energy within that nation should rise. The moment there is a threat to the nation from an enemy, from without or within, the patriotic feelings of the people should ordinarily be immediately aroused. Patriotism inspires the people for the noble deeds and nurtures fellow-feeling and brotherhood among the people. Patriots rejoice in the glory of their country, regardless of how lofty or painful the experiences of the citizens are. In Nigeria, with the growing agitation prevalent in the country, the socio-economic and political disequilibrium in the system, it appears patriotism has no place. The daily struggles, sufferings and negative experiences of our people seem to define the right to jettison the ideal of patriotism. Surely, it will be difficult to sell patriotism to those with empty stomachs. It makes sense to assume that the country should also be lovable to be loved. After 53yrs, it looks like on October 1, 1960, Nigeria got INDEPENDENCE, not FREEDOM. INDEPENDENCE for Nigeria seems like the sovereign right to self-destruct. I mean, immediately after independence, Nigeria actually began a long and strange march towards growth and development that made development look so complex and mysterious—-a strange march that has taken more than fifty years in the wilderness of mismanagement, corruption and poverty; which has left a generation dead and unfulfilled—-without having 24  TR Magazine  seen the Promised Land—-a promised land of quality education, rapid infrastructural development, and mass employment for its citizens. So, in the light of these developments, nationalism and patriotism are losing their importance. To demand patriotism from the masses in a 2013 Nigeria seems like an insensitive and impractical proposition. I mean, how would you feel if I tell you that a research conducted by The OLAKUNLE SORIYAN COMPANY a few years ago found that only about 5 percent of 2000 Nigerian citizens over 18 described themselves Our personal interpretations are usually derived from our peculiar experience. However, since experiences are peculiar and principles are universal; obviously, patriotism has to be defined by principle, above personal experiences; or we will be on the side of sentiments, bias and prejudice. By principle, patriotism is actually the love for one’s country and the willingness to defend it. Any threat to a country, either by another nation, or socio-economic and political challenges within a nation, the patriotic energy within that nation should rise. as either “extremely” or “very” patriotic. Can our nation, Nigeria really survive on 5 percent, if this is true? It’s worthy of note that the 5% is mostly amongst people who share the “9ja craze” in entertainment and sports. It’s appears Nigerians have a different definition of patriotism that allows us to feel we are patriots when the Super Eagles are winning or when we are at a comedy show or musical concert donning “9ja 4life” T-shirts. But in politics, economics and prevalent issues that define us as a people, we are totally disconnected from the idea of patriotism. Frankly, what we forget and miss out on is
  24. 24. Features that we have a clear zero-sum game here, in that, if we give place to all the gaps and negatives in our environment, we would be justified to ignore our patriotism. However, if we ignore our patriotism, it will be virtually impossible to drive transformation and renaissance; we now have a choice to make between the validation that comes from our anger and pain or the progress we can experience from accepting our patriotism. Validly, only the united effort of a collective patriotic spirit can meet and surmount the challenges of our unique environment. If our nation is to survive its current challenges, the definition of a “true patriot” must be clear. Please note that, I do not believe patriotism to be blind obedience to one’s nation. No! I deeply share the sentiments of Carl Schurz, the German revolutionary and, later, American political scientist who said, “My country...if right, to be kept right; and if wrong, to be set right.” His idea of patriotism is often referred to today as “loyal opposition.” It means whilst we must not deny the struggles resident in our system, and whilst we must not be quiet; the idea of patriotism we need is the one with the tial to change the social behaviour of the country out of feelings of national love and patriotic duty. This is where most Nigerians need to be but sadly, are not. Most of us are so justifiably angry that we have given up on the system. What we need is patriotism that promotes the active and sensible ¬reconstruction of a system that one believes to be -essentially good, but critically flawed. Now, I believe that anger should be a critical ingredient that drives the human spirit to action, not to indolence, lethargy, disinterest and mediocrity. We need this kind of anger. But the anger that renders us despondent, inactive and unprogressive is actually not different from the passiveness that breeds irresponsibility. We need the patriotism that stretches beyond our problems and embraces the solutions instead— -the patriotism that allows each of us to activate the large heartedness inherently deep within us as a deliberate commitment to follow the principle that says “love not only what is yours, but love all that belongs to the human race.” This is imperative and cannot be discounted. TR Magazine  25
  25. 25. Features Each of us must accept the imprints of geography that we each belong to a defined space. Trust me, destiny will always be location sensitive. God, through Nature, has determined our appointed places; and it is our duty, each of us, to appreciate, promote, and when necessary, defend the place nature has placed us, otherwise called our country. To pretend that this is not so, is to despise God’s wisdom in choosing where we were born. Birth is a gift of God, and place of birth is therefore a responsibility. I constantly find myself ¬annoyed when I hear people talk about “relocating to America, Canada, United Kingdom, even most recently, UAE (Dubai), Qatar, etc... and the most annoying is small South Africa”. My response? “Go ahead. Please move to those places. It’ll be much easier for the rest of us to fix things without your constant whining and complaints.” While some may consider this harsh, I invite anyone who can’t see the good in Nigeria, despite her blemishes, to leave. We must love our country enough to stay and work to change it for the better. Just like the American Civil Rights activist, James Baldwin; I love Nigeria “more than any other country in this world, and, ¬exactly for this reason, I insist on the right to seek her progress and criticize her perpetually.” No matter how negative our country is, we have no other country. We cannot let up or give up. We must have a story for those that will take our place in another 100years. We owe it to them to wrestle down every wall of prejudice, religious and ethnic intolerance, corruption, ignorance, fear and in- 26  TR Magazine  discipline that fights to keep our country small, and her people weak and weary. Some say that there is little reason to love Nigeria; and I understand the temptation for any rational person to accept this. Sure, our country has made mistakes throughout history, but while the ethics behind some of these ¬decisions were admittedly murky, it is not right to blame the entire nation for a few morally ambiguous and bereft leaders. Our anger or even optimism must not drive us out of reason; subsequently our pain must drive us to love her more and take the kind of positions that reflects the desire to change Nigeria by all means; and this, in itself, is a demonstration of one’s love for the nation. We must critically look into the future we prefer and decide what role we will play today to create it. We don’t need critics who know all that is wrong and possess the grammar to underscore it, but lacks the commitment to act and create visible impact.I can assure everyone reading this that It will take the practical ¬investment of time and resources by patriotic Nigerians to ensure Nigeria’s renewed prosperity. As we continue to monitor the issues of our land, we need patriots who will ignore the obvious challenges, by accepting the challenge to make efforts at building a new moral society with the great hope that the strength and bonds of our diversity will one day strengthen us all in the years to come. God bless Nigeria. God bless her people. Amen!
  26. 26. features Impediments to Self Determination O ctober 2nd, 2013. Gambia's President Yahya Jammeh announces his country's withdrawal from the Commonwealth saying, It will never be a member of any neo-colonial institution. October 13th, 2013. African leaders, at an AU weekend summit insist on immunity from trial at the ICC for sitting African heads of state. According to Ethiopian Prime Minister and current AU Chairman, Hailemariam Dessalegn, The unfair treatment that we have been subjected to by the ICC is completely unacceptable. And for Kenya's Uhuru Kenyatta, a sitting president with a pending case at The Hague, “the ICC stopped being the home of justice the day it became the toy of declining imperial powers. Rumors of AU member states quitting the ICC altogether, emerged from the summit along with the men and women (Africa's burdens and burden bearers), who had been holed up in Addis Abba for the weekend, dreaming up solutions to the continent's myriad of problems. The right to self determination, that ancient almost entirely African quest, the one at the heart of Jammeh's withdrawal from the Commonwealth of Nations and the elephant in the room at the just concluded AU summit, is a noble aspiration indeed. The adverse and enduring effects of Colonialism on the political and socio-economic stability of many African nations are undeniable. The suspicion that greets foreign aid from erstwhile imperialist powers, the dismissal of otherwise noble Bono-esque philanthropic gestures as part of the white savior industrial complex, the wariness against neo-colonialism, all are very well within reason. African leaders and Africans do well to probe the motives, actions and inactions of Western governments and their respective non-governmental appendages, in relation to the continent. They do well TR Magazine  27
  27. 27. features to rethink their allegiance to the Commonwealth of Nations, to question why countries decolonized by Britain in the 50s, 60s, and 70s would still want to be part of any organization that retains the Queen as head, however nominal. The establishment of the Commonwealth cannot be divorced from the 1920 imperial conferences, with membership based on a common allegiance to the British Crown. In 1991, in what has become known as the Harare Declaration, member states of the Commonwealth gathered in the Zimbabwean capital to reinforce their articulated core values of promoting democracy, good governance, human rights and prosperity. Two decades down the line, Zimbabwe, in bitter irony, had become the antithesis on those principles. The Commonwealth might and indeed does have some benefits, but with members having no significant trade pacts, how truly relevant is it? Why not expunge every vestige of colonialism, the Commonwealth inclusive? So yes, maybe President Yahya Jammeh is on to something. Maybe the continent would fare better in the comity of nations if it planted firm feet against any appearance of neo-colonialism. Or maybe it should look deeper… How much of the threat to Africa's self determination and seemingly attendant problems is external? President Yahya Jammeh has been in the saddle for the past 19 years, after he took power as a young army officer in a military coup in 1994, and has won each election since then. His strategy is simple: I will develop areas that vote for me, but if you don't vote for me, don't expect anything. The Gambian strongman lives in a heavily-guarded presidential palace, where he keeps a fleet of luxury cars, including a customized Hummer stretch limousine. His official convoy, a 30-strong caravan of SUVs is guarded by pick-up trucks with anti-aircraft guns and reputedly runs anyone off the road that gets in their way. The Gambian economy under Jammeh's watch, dangles somewhere between mediocrity and something less. Jammeh is hardly different from the rest of his counterparts across the continent. In October 2013, the Mo Ibrahim Prize, announced that it would be keeping its $5m reward, awarded to an elected leader who governed well, raised living standards and then left office. Its search for excellence in governance and leadership drew a blank–the fourth time in five years. The greatest impediment to the continent's quest for self determination, since Africans sold Africans to Europeans, has always come from within. Africa's hollow sounding clamor for respect in 28  TR Magazine  Jammeh is hardly different from the rest of his counterparts across the continent. In October 2013, the Mo Ibrahim Prize, announced that it would be keeping its $5m reward, awarded to an elected leader who governed well, raised living standards and then left office. Its search for excellence in governance and leadership drew a blank–the fourth time in five years. The greatest impediment to the continent's quest for self determination, since Africans sold Africans to Europeans, has always come from within. a global geopolitical space that responds primarily to economic power will continue unabated until it harnesses its anger and dissatisfaction with its state of development and focus it within. The continent's greatest bane has been the ceding of its political space to rabble rousers like Jammeh, who have perfected the art of organizing to seize power, doing nothing for the common good, and deflecting attention by whipping up anti-imperialist sentiments. A generation of African intellectuals, liberals and nation builders must rise up to take the continent back, country by country, from the mediocres it has allowed to run rings around its respective state treasuries for decades.
  28. 28. Features Egypt: An evolving front T by Omer Assad (Pakistan) he fiasco unfolding in Egypt is disturbing and unnerving at best. The conflicts of interests and upheaval have seen countless of innocent civilians killed, members of the Muslims brotherhood shot dead and gassed on sight as they protest against President Morsi’s removal. Personally, it seems like President Morsi has found himself a niche well crafted; it will become clear in time that President Morsi is the culprit here as events unfolds. On the other hand, Washington which always had its vested interests in Muslim countries is quite passive in this scenario. Every country has its own interests in the Egyptian region as it flogs to supports Egypt’s two sided political climate. For Saudi Arabia which has always perceived President Morsi government as a threat to its kingdom since its inception, is fuelling the Egyptian generals with $12 billion dollars. This would be a rather good investment as President Morsi was anti Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia has always been reputed for paving roads for Islamic fundamentalists and movements to gain power and strength. However, that policy has been taken back due to its strong ties with America. The dethroning of President Hosni Mubarak in 2011 and the arrival of President Morsi on the platform of the Muslim brotherhood was a compromise by Egyptians to accept a semblance of democracy as the Muslim brotherhood wasn’t a democratically wired political group. Apparently the Egyptian population felt an imminent threat to its political climate and future and would settle for any idea of democracy even though it came at the hand of Muslim Brotherhood. Ultimately, the Muslim Brotherhood was an uninvited saviour and therefore couldn’t deliver the dividend of democracy. Violent protests erupted across Egypt as President Morsi became president. His next move was to dispose of the Egyptian judges to fend off their verdict against him. Muslims, Christians, Seculars and Liberals all protested against President Morsi and voiced his removal with the pro Morsi and anti Morsi supporter’s clash with heavy casualties on both sides. President Morsi’s reaction was to order a nationwide referendum to be held to ensure that he was president desired by the masses. The referendum was held and favored President Morsi by 64%. Evidently, it was rigged and pre-planned. As a result, President Morsi removed judicial decree to keep him on the throne. Meanwhile, efforts were underway to remove President Morsi from the presidential seat, dissatisfied protesters gathered in Cairo at the Tahrir Square to demand his removal. The bold move was ignored by western superpowers and continental spectators but eventually, the Egyptian public was rescued by meticulously planned military coup by the Egyptian Army. It was a foreseeable eventuality that had to be done otherwise the Muslim brotherhood in the Sinai region would have risen up and caused a stir. It was a difficult move for the Egyptian army. Apparently, vested interests from all over the world lie in Egypt and the political outburst was not difficult to predict. Sinai is a sensitive strip between Israel and Egypt and needs to be controlled to keep peace as Hamas’s stronghold is in Gaza strip. America cannot afford Islamic movements to thrive anywhere in the world and thus, it will strike forcefully when needed. The Saudi intervention was necessary to fend off the extremists from gaining strength. Personally, keeping the extremists away from power is the sole solution to the Egypt’s political crisis. Now that the Egyptian generals have achieved that, they can stabilize the volatile political climate in Egypt. The Muslim brotherhood needs to be defeated completely to bring law and order in Egypt. The top priority for Israel, USA and Saudi Arabia is to get rid of the Muslim brotherhood. All three are hard at this task to maintain peace in the region. TR Magazine  29
  29. 29. Business Prescience31 The Importance of Entrepreneurial Collaboration in Africa 32 African Entrepreneurs on the Global Stage 33 TR Magazine  31
  30. 30. Business  /  Work station Prescience The art of finishing before starting by Tochukwu Ezeukwu I f you believe in God to any degree at all, you’d have heard this statement at least once in your lifetime “God knows the end from the beginning”. By this, I do not intend to make you uncomfortable if your belief doesn’t support the existence or the reality of a God. It just happens that we sustain two different beliefs and I believe that our beliefs should not define our irritation or nuisance rather it should define our difference and our difference should create a kind of relevance that society can only get from uniqueness and variety. That said, this post has zero correlation with faith or religion. It is something that is all-the-way relevant to your work ethic, your efficiency and your effectiveness as a worker, friend, human, spouse, partner or chief executive. Very simply, I define prescience as the art of finishing before starting. That is not supposed to make sense, right? You should start a thing and then finish, right? But very effective people will understand that to be truly effective, you must master the art of starting after you have finished. I first learnt this principle many years ago, when I started taking interest in driving. For many years I will sit by the driver or behind him on a journey and I will watch the pedals under his feet. I will note the pedals that controlled our movement. After a while I started noticing that the pedal to the right was used anytime the driver is trying to move forward; I noted as well how that 32  TR Magazine  anytime the driver will halt the vehicle, he’ll use the middle pedal. I kept watching this dynamics for many years, so much so that on my own and in my spare time I would practice what I have observed. I did the same thing with the gear system until I discovered that there were two systems; the manual and the automatic system. All these I had done while I was nothing close to being eligible to drive by any standard. But I did this for many years, I tell you. I was so confident that with that knowledge, I already knew how to drive. But what does this story come to? How does it help anything? Here’s what eventually happened. My many years of understudying the dynamics of driving eventually paid off when I eventually had the opportunity to drive. The very first time I held the steering, I moved the car farther than any first-time driver I know would possibly have, and did I mention without any assistance? I have since driven many kilometers since then without any formal driving-schooling. I am yet to have my first accident. So what’s the point? I finished before I started. Yes I did. Your day will be a lot more productive and meaningful if you commit to this discipline and due diligence of ‘starting’ after you have ‘finished’. Before you go for that crucial meeting, pre-play it, feed-forward (from feed-back), and practically ‘finish’ the meeting in your mind before it starts. Throw up possible questions you may be asked, answer them, create your own questions and anticipate responses, finish the meeting and then go on and start it while keeping your mind open. This is why people will wonder why you are always very productive at meetings. Guess what? Even seemingly spontaneous performances, like comedy is full of this principle. Effective comedians are masters of prescience; they make you feel like what’s happening is unplanned, but speak to any renowned comedian, they’ll tell you every move is planned; of course there is the place of improvisation. When you are going to make a sales pitch, ask all the possible questions your prospect might ask and answer them yourself; sell to yourself first, create all the scenarios and solve them, it makes your job easy. Plan your spontaneity. It will seem spontaneous and effortless to your observers but you will know that it is simply prescience. Practice this with your relationships and your work; finish it and then start. It reduces your error rate and it makes you appears smarter than you are. Bosses like to work with people who see the bigger picture. This sort of posture saves you unnecessary trials, it saves you shock and surprises, it saves you cost and it earns you good reputation. The keyword is practice.
  31. 31. business The Importance of Entrepreneurial Collaboration in Africa As much of the world has struggled through an economic recession, a number of African countries have continued to develop at unprecedented rates. Indeed, a recent research, ranking countries by growth in their GDP in 2013, sees three African countries–South Sudan, Libya and Sierra Leone -occupying the top three spots. Additionally, there are 16 other African states within the top 50. The Changing Face of Development Economic growth in Africa has been like this for over a decade now, but in recent years it has been taking on a new face–tech entrepreneurship. Originally catalysed by the mobile phone industry, which has grown exponentially on the continent–with subscribers likely to reach a billion by 2015–apps especially have been playing an increasingly vital role within African society. The buzz this has created across the continent has led to the formation of various tech hubs. This includes possibly the most renowned of them all, iHub in Kenya, alongside many others, including–Ice (Ethiopia), Hive Colab (Uganda), Wennovation Hub (Botswana) and CC Hub (Nigeria). Inspiring Creativity The idea behind such technological hubs is to provide entrepreneurs with the space to create and others to create with. Although initially, most of these hubs serve to establish small tech start ups, predominantly apps, the impact in Kenya has made a giant leap on from that. Indeed, such has Kenya’s tech-entrepreneurship grown, that now it contributes 5% to the country’s GDP. This may not seem like a huge amount, but it signifies a leap from $16 million up to $360 million dollars in just a decade. This indicates a growth of more than 2000%. Kenya’s I-Hub too, has now moved on from app creation and the development of small start ups and entered into hardware. This has included the development of a supercomputer and specialist modem. One of the most recent products has been the BRCK modem, designed to withstand power outs and harsh conditions. This is a great example of an African product, produced for African’s through an African col by Matt S. TR Magazine  33
  32. 32. business African Entrepreneurs on the Global Stage P rofessor Tigineh Mersha argues that a “standards divide” exist between the African continent and the rest of the world. This ‘divide’ has in-built consequences for Africa’s roving entrepreneurs on the global stage, as ISO standards are the bedrock to entrepreneurial growth. To be sure, the ISO is only one part of the African entrepreneur jigsaw puzzle. However, it is one that needs to be addressed. International standards are crucial as they ensure that a service or a product is reliable, of good quality and safe for the end-user. They are not merely ‘safety’ guides, but important business management tools that have changed the way business operates and in turn has helped business change their management, operations and furthermore have helped business reduce 34  TR Magazine  costs. Africa, according to Bloomberg, is a “hive of entrepreneurial activity” the continent has seen an “explosive growth of entrepreneurial fervor.” But does the African entrepreneur on the global stage have an in-built disadvantage? The Asian tiger and the Latin American boom have been, partly based on the successful implementation of global standardisation within manufacturing, service procedure and operations. However, the African example has seen several hurdles to the successful implementation of global standards. What of the African entrepreneur? A recent survey conducted by the Omidyar Network found “a culture of entrepreneurship is growing in Sub-Saharan Africa, with indicators related to entrepreneurial mo- by Gareth Hunt