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What is the Role of State Planning?
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What is the Role of State Planning?


Presentation to the American Planning Association-Hawaii Chapter, January 9, 2013, by Jesse K. Souki, Director, State of Hawaii Office of Planning. NOTE: DOWNLOAD SLIDES TO VIEW …

Presentation to the American Planning Association-Hawaii Chapter, January 9, 2013, by Jesse K. Souki, Director, State of Hawaii Office of Planning. NOTE: DOWNLOAD SLIDES TO VIEW TRANSITIONS.

Executive Summary: The purpose and intent of the planning/land use laws of Hawaii are timeless, but the systems that implement these laws may need to change. On the one hand, the state is doing well in some areas, but on the other hand, people (e.g., developers, environmentalists, native Hawaiians, communities) seem to be unhappy with how the system works.

We should consider changing/modernizing the system to better achieve the original purpose and intent of the statewide planning/land use laws. This means calling the regulators, the regulated, and representatives of the various public interests to the table to rethink how we plan and develop in Hawaii. The problem needs to be addressed holistically from top to bottom. The occasional tweak of the land use law here and there is not productive, judging from recent outcomes. The law is a complex tapestry, picking at the threads can have unintended consequences for all involved. The inquiry must be disciplined and balance the need for both economic development and stewardship.

If the Office of Planning is to take a central role in this process, it needs to be properly funded. Currently the office leverages large amounts of federal funding for its work to supplement a historic disinvestment by the legislature and previous administrations.

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  • Our Boss: The Governor What: Maintain an overall framework to guide the development of the State of Hawaii.How: Continuous process of comprehensive, long-range, and strategic planning.
  • We are a planning and policy office.Statewide coordination, e.g., Runoff issues, Community outreach, Interagency planning issues
  • Hawaii residents had the highest wellbeing in the nation in 2011 with a Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index score of 70.2, maintaining that state's No. 1 status for a third consecutive year. North Dakota, Minnesota, Utah, and Alaska rounded out the top five states. West Virginia residents had the lowest wellbeing, with a score of 62.3, slightly improved from 61.7 in 2010. See Hawaii Business Magazine, Quality of Life 2011 at http://www.hawaiibusiness.com/pdfs/2011QOL.pdf.
  • Hawaii Business Magazine 2008-2010
  • These are taken for the intent of the law when passed in 1961.What about AG lands: Counties give out special use permits for all sorts of non-agricultural uses on AG lands. The legislature has consistency whittled away at agriculture by allowing non-agricultural uses on productive agricultural lands.
  • [§226-108]  Sustainability.  Priority guidelines and principles to promote sustainability shall include:     (1)  Encouraging balanced economic, social, community, and environmental priorities;     (2)  Encouraging planning that respects and promotes living within the natural resources and limits of the State;     (3)  Promoting a diversified and dynamic economy;     (4)  Encouraging respect for the host culture;     (5)  Promoting decisions based on meeting the needs of the present without compromising the needs of future generations;     (6)  Considering the principles of the ahupuaa system; and     (7)  Emphasizing that everyone, including individuals, families, communities, businesses, and government, has the responsibility for achieving a sustainable Hawaii. 
  • President Obama said in his speech to the 2012 DNC, that his “…climate change is not a hoax.  More droughts and floods and wildfires are not a joke.  They’re a threat to our children’s future.”The roller coaster from Casino Pier sits in the ocean in Seaside Heights on Oct. 30, 2012 — the day after Hurricane Sandy landed. Areas of Long Island, N.Y. following Hurricane Sandy Oct. 30, 2012. High tide Majuro, Marshalls[§226-109]  Climate change adaptation priority guidelines.       (1)  Educated     (2)  Community stewardship     (3) Monitoring and research     (4)  Native Hawaiian traditional knowledge     (5)  Preservation and restoration of natural landscape features     (6)  Moderate harm or exploit beneficial opportunities     (7)  Promote sector resilience     (8)  Cross-jurisdictional collaboration     (9)  Integration of new information and strategies into new and existing practices, policies, and plans    (10)  Planning and management that integrate climate change policy
  • Volume II is entitled A History of Agriculture in Hawaii andTechnical Reference Document. Volume III entitled Assessment of Irrigation Systems in Hawaii
  • Recent petitions on Kauai (Grove Farm) and Oahu (Former Campbell lands) will add over 1000 acres if approved.


  • 1. What is the APA-HI PresentsRole of State January 9, 2013 Presentation byPlanning? Jesse K. Souki, Director, Office of Planning
  • 2. StateOffice ofPlanningHawaii Revised StatutesChapter 225M
  • 3. Why was the Office created?• Fix responsibility and accountability to successfully carry out statewide planning programs, policies, and priorities• Improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the operations of the executive branch• Ensure comprehensive planning and coordination to enhance the quality of life of the people of Hawaii Source: HRS §225M-1.
  • 4. Why Plan?• Meet the physical, economic, and social needs of Hawaiis people• Provide for the wise use of Hawaiis resources in a coordinated, efficient, and economical manner• Conserve natural, environmental, recreational, scenic, historic , and other limited and irreplaceable resources which are required for future generations Source: HRS §225M-1.
  • 5. What does OP do?1. State comprehensive planning and program coordination2. Strategic planning3. Planning coordination and cooperation4. Statewide planning and geographic information system (GIS)5. Land use planning6. Coastal and ocean policy management7. Regional planning and studies8. Regional, national, and international planning Source: HRS §225M-2.
  • 6. Regulatory Activities• Some SMA Approvals. Reviewing and issuing of special management area permits for projects within the Hawaii community development districts• CZM Determinations. Reviewing and issuing of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) Act federal consistency determinations for certain federal actions and activities• LUC Recommendations. Developing and presenting the position of the State in all boundary change petitions and proceedings before the Land Use Commission Source: HRS Chapters 205, 205A, and 225M.
  • 7. KeyPoliciesthat GuideOP•Hawaii State PlanningAct•State Land Use Law•Coastal ZoneManagement Act
  • 8. • Serves as a guide for the future long- range development of the State • Identifies the goals, objectives, policies, and priorities for the State • Provides a basis for determining priorities and allocating limitedHawaii resources, such as public funds, services, humanState resources, land, energy, water, and other resourcesPlanning • Improves the coordination of federal, state, and county plans, policies, programs, projects, andAct regulatory activities • Establishes a system for planHawaii Revised Statutes formulation and program coordinationChapter 226 (1978) to provide for an integration of all major state, and county activities
  • 9. A STATEWIDE PLANNING SYSTEMPart I: Overall Theme, Goals, Objectives and Policies Population Part III: Priority Guidelines Economy Economic Physical Population Growth Part II: Statewide planning system Crime and criminal environment justice Affordable housing Functional plans County general plans State programs • Define and implement Parts • Desired population • State budgetFacility systems Education I and II • Physical development • Land Use Commission • Identify priority issues patterns • Board of Land and Natural Sustainability • Implementing actions • Further define Parts I and II Resources Climate Change Socio-cultural Adaptation advancement
  • 10. Have We Achieved the Goals ofthe State Plan? • Gallup Poll 2012: Hawaii Still No. 1 in A Healthy Economy Wellbeing Human Well- Being • Hawaii Biz Magazine A Quality 2012 Environment • Hawaii Above U.S. Average in Economy, Environment and Health • Below Average in Hawaii Today? Housing/Transportation
  • 11. • Purpose • “preserve, protect and encourage the development of the lands in the State for those uses to which they are best suited for the public welfare[.]” L. 1961, c 187, §1. • Implementation Mechanisms • 5-Year Boundary Review • District Boundary AmendmentsState Land • Important Agricultural Lands DesignationUse Law • State Special Use PermitsHawaii Revised StatutesChapter 205
  • 12. State Land Use Classifications 1969 2011 R U R 0% 0% 3% U 5% A A 48% 47% C C 49% 48%
  • 13. Have We Accomplished theIntent of the Law?• Does the current land use system: • Ensure long-term gains for our economy? • Promote uses that best serve the well-being of the owner and the public? • Prevent scattered subdivisions with expensive, yet reduced, public services? • Direct development away from prime agricultural lands for residential uses when other lands are available to meet urban needs? • Promote the utilization of multi-purpose lands?
  • 14. • Purpose • “provide for the effective management, beneficial use, protection, and development of the coastal zone.” See L. 1977, c 188, § 1. • Implementing Mechanisms • Special Management Area Permits • Federal ConsistencyCoastal Zone • Comprehensive Planning and CoordinationManagementActHawaii Revised StatutesChapter 205A
  • 15. • The Hawaii State Planning Act is a Planning System • Overall theme, goals, objectives, and policies • Priority guidelines • State functional plans • County general plans • State programsDecline of • State functional plans were last updated in 1991Hawaii’s • Last 5-Year District Boundary ReviewPlanning was in 1992 • OP taken out of governor’s officeSystem • State Plan Policy Council dissolvedExpectations vs. Reality • Funding and staffing of the office has declined significantly over time
  • 16. Expectations Cayetano’s Term Ends Lingle’s Term Ends (1994-2002) (2002-2010) RealityWaihee’s Term Ends(1986-1994)
  • 17. Expectations Lingle’s Term Ends Cayetano’s Term Ends Waihee’s Reality Term Ends
  • 18. CurrentProjectsandInitiatives2011 and 2012
  • 19. Leveraging State Agency involvement inTransit-Oriented Development toStrengthen Hawaii’s EconomyA Tool for Meeting New RecommendationsDay Agenda• Improving the Economy and • Executive policy identifying TOD as a Advancing Education priority for implementing smart growth in the New Day Plan• Promoting Energy Independence • Identify a lead agency within state government to advance TOD• Protecting the Environment and Promoting Local Food Production • Prioritize state-owned properties and assets within transit areas to• Ensuring the Health of Hawaii’s understand sustainable development People potential or the need to preserve existing uses on environmentally and• Meeting the Needs of Older Adults culturally sensitive lands.• Ensuring Access to Affordable • Target resources to support TOD and Housing and Human Services walkable, smart growth communities.
  • 20. Sustainability• Act 181 (2011), Sustainability Priority Guidelines • UH Public Policy Center • Hawaii Green Growth Group • Counties
  • 21. Climate Change Adaptation• Act 286 (2012), Climate Change Adaptation Priority Guidelines • UH Law School CRest Project • Working with state and county planners to design options for implementation • Incorporating coastal hazard assessments as part of state and county planning and decision- making
  • 22. Increased Food Security andFood Self-Sufficiency Strategy• Sets forth objectives, policies and actions to increase the amount of locally grown food consumed by Hawaii’s residents• Emphasizes increasing production by strengthening agricultural infrastructure (i.e. agricultural parks, irrigation systems and distribution systems/facilities)• Recommends actions to provide for food safety, pest prevention and control, workforce training, research and extension services
  • 23. National Ocean Policy• Executive Order 13547 --Stewardship of the Ocean, Our Coasts, and the Great Lakes, July 19, 2010• NOAA Grant • NOP Coordinator Hired• Pacific Regional Ocean Partnership• Regional Planning Body• Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM)
  • 24. Important Agricultural Lands• County Designations • Each county must identify and map potential important agricultural lands within its jurisdiction • OP and DOA must make recommendations to LUC• Landowner Designations • Designated IAL lands to-date approximately 89,859 acres • Proposed to-date approximately 11,880 acres
  • 25. 5-Year Boundary Review &LUBDA Process ReviewRequirements Intended Benefits• Review of the classification • Improved coordination with and districting of all lands in county planning process the State • Context for improvements• Focus review on the Hawaii to the boundary amendment process state plan, county general plans, and county • Better linking of state development and infrastructure and services community plans to future growth areas• Submit a report of the • Greater ability to use findings to the state land context sensitive planning use commission and Smart Growth principles Source: HRS §205-18.
  • 26. Statewide GIS ProgramModernization• To encourage use of and facilitate access to geospatial data, tools, and analysis by decision makers and geospatial professionals alike. This project is included in and funded through the CIOs business transformation plan. • Provide robust server- and cloud-based geospatial environments • Provide application development resources and support to all state agencies • Negotiate a statewide Enterprise License Agreement • Develop and implementing data and metadata standards • Develop geospatial data and tools, and provide analysis and support to facilitate planning and decision making (e.g., coastal and marine spatial planning, renewable energy)
  • 27. Other Planning Efforts• EDA Grants • CEDS Implementation and Green Industries Collaboration • Hawaii Natural Disaster Economic Recovery Strategy • Economic Development Strategies for Native Hawaiian Communities• CZM Studies and Activities • Alternative Financing for Public Access Easements • Evaluating Cumulative and Secondary Impacts of Stormwater Runoff • Valuing the Avoided Costs of SMA Permitting • National Estuarine Research Reserves System Site• NOAA National Ocean Policy • Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning
  • 28. “It will be tragic if in the year 2000, the leaders of that time look back…with great remorse for what might have been.What can we say to our children, andto their children, if we fail to actnow?”– George R. Ariyoshi, 1981.