“ A Presidential Palace” <ul><li>December 1790: George Washington signs Act of Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Plans for a majestic home four times the size of the present White House were made at the suggestion of Pierre Charles L’Enfant and George Washington </li></ul><ul><li>Competition for the President’s House with nine proposals submitted </li></ul><ul><li>James Hoban traveled to the federal capital, submitting a plan for the presidential home </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed a refined Georgia mansion in the Palladian style; Built of pale grey sandstone, would have three floors, and 100+ rooms; Based on Leinster House </li></ul><ul><li>Won a gold medal for his practical and handsome design </li></ul>
Some Potential Designs James Diamond Maryland A.Z. ?????
Leinster House Parliament building of the Irish Free State and the Republic of Ireland, located in Dublin, Ireland
"I would design a building which should also look forward, but execute no more of it at present than might suit the circumstances of this Country when it shall be first wanted. A plan comprehending more may be executed at a future period when the wealth, population, and importance of it shall stand upon much higher ground than they do at present." <ul><li>October 13, 1972: Construction began; $232,372 </li></ul><ul><li>Completed November 1, 1800 </li></ul><ul><li>First residents: President John Adams and wife, Abigail </li></ul><ul><li>War of 1812, British armies set house afire </li></ul><ul><li>1824, Benjamin Henry Latrobe became “Surveyor of the Public Buildings” </li></ul><ul><li>Renovations continued over the decades including running water, central heating, and electric lights </li></ul><ul><li>The name of the “White House” was adopted in 1902 </li></ul>“ A Presidential Palace”
Early Floor Plans of the White House Drawn in 1862
The White House Today <ul><li>147 windows, 132 rooms, 32 bathrooms, 28 fireplaces, 7 staircases, 6 levels, and 3 elevators </li></ul><ul><li>Receives 6000 visitors a day </li></ul><ul><li>Requires 570 gallons of paint to cover the outside </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation facilities include a tennis court, jogging track, swimming pool, movie theater, billiard room, and a bowling lane </li></ul><ul><li>Fence encloses 18 acres of land </li></ul><ul><li>Neoclassical style </li></ul>
The White House Various Rooms Blue Room Cross Hall East Room Red Room
The White House Various Rooms Oval Office Situation Room State Dining Room Presidential Emergency Operations Center