The White House

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School presentation on the architecture and history of the White House

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  • http://architecture.about.com/library/weekly/aa011501d.htm http://www.whitehouse.org/history/index.asp http://clinton4.nara.gov/WH/glimpse/top.html
  • The White House

    1. 1. 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue By Jesseca Naldo
    2. 2. “ A Presidential Palace” <ul><li>December 1790: George Washington signs Act of Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Plans for a majestic home four times the size of the present White House were made at the suggestion of Pierre Charles L’Enfant and George Washington </li></ul><ul><li>Competition for the President’s House with nine proposals submitted </li></ul><ul><li>James Hoban traveled to the federal capital, submitting a plan for the presidential home </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed a refined Georgia mansion in the Palladian style; Built of pale grey sandstone, would have three floors, and 100+ rooms; Based on Leinster House </li></ul><ul><li>Won a gold medal for his practical and handsome design </li></ul>
    3. 3. Some Potential Designs James Diamond Maryland A.Z. ?????
    4. 4. Leinster House Parliament building of the Irish Free State and the Republic of Ireland, located in Dublin, Ireland
    5. 5. &quot;I would design a building which should also look forward, but execute no more of it at present than might suit the circumstances of this Country when it shall be first wanted. A plan comprehending more may be executed at a future period when the wealth, population, and importance of it shall stand upon much higher ground than they do at present.&quot; <ul><li>October 13, 1972: Construction began; $232,372 </li></ul><ul><li>Completed November 1, 1800 </li></ul><ul><li>First residents: President John Adams and wife, Abigail </li></ul><ul><li>War of 1812, British armies set house afire </li></ul><ul><li>1824, Benjamin Henry Latrobe became “Surveyor of the Public Buildings” </li></ul><ul><li>Renovations continued over the decades including running water, central heating, and electric lights </li></ul><ul><li>The name of the “White House” was adopted in 1902 </li></ul>“ A Presidential Palace”
    6. 6. Early Floor Plans of the White House Drawn in 1862
    7. 7. The White House Today <ul><li>147 windows, 132 rooms, 32 bathrooms, 28 fireplaces, 7 staircases, 6 levels, and 3 elevators </li></ul><ul><li>Receives 6000 visitors a day </li></ul><ul><li>Requires 570 gallons of paint to cover the outside </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation facilities include a tennis court, jogging track, swimming pool, movie theater, billiard room, and a bowling lane </li></ul><ul><li>Fence encloses 18 acres of land </li></ul><ul><li>Neoclassical style </li></ul>
    8. 8. The White House Various Rooms Blue Room Cross Hall East Room Red Room
    9. 9. The White House Various Rooms Oval Office Situation Room State Dining Room Presidential Emergency Operations Center
    10. 10. The End

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