Influential Population Thinkers and Their Ideas
Thomas Malthus <ul><li>Anglican priest </li></ul><ul><li>An Essay on the Principle of Population </li></ul><ul><li>Exponen...
Paul Ehrlich <ul><li>US ecologist-- The Population Bomb  (1968) </li></ul><ul><li>The population explosion threatens the e...
Club of Rome <ul><li>German “think tank”--used computer simulations to make predictions. </li></ul><ul><li>The Limits to G...
The Limits to Growth
Frances Moore Lappe <ul><li>Social activist--author of  Diet for a Small Planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on socio-economic...
Ester Boserup <ul><li>A “cornucopian.” </li></ul><ul><li>Population growth drives technological advances.  In turn these a...
Julian Simon <ul><li>Conservative economist. </li></ul><ul><li>Population growth can lead to increased productivity--more ...
More on Malthus… <ul><li>…could not have foreseen the agricultural, industrial and technological advances that made it pos...
Hard-line neo-Malthusians… <ul><li>… still have a doom-and-gloom view of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>… advocate drastic a...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Malthus

2,099

Published on

0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,099
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
75
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Malthus

  1. 1. Influential Population Thinkers and Their Ideas
  2. 2. Thomas Malthus <ul><li>Anglican priest </li></ul><ul><li>An Essay on the Principle of Population </li></ul><ul><li>Exponential population growth (1,2,4,8) would outpace food supply, which grows arithmetically (1,2,3,4). Population growth is halted by hunger and rising death rates among the poorer classes. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Paul Ehrlich <ul><li>US ecologist-- The Population Bomb (1968) </li></ul><ul><li>The population explosion threatens the environment. Overpopulation will cause hundreds of millions to starve to death. </li></ul><ul><li>A “neo-Malthusian” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Club of Rome <ul><li>German “think tank”--used computer simulations to make predictions. </li></ul><ul><li>The Limits to Growth (1972 book) </li></ul><ul><li>Increased pollution and decreased resources will lead to a collapse of population in the mid-21st Century. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Limits to Growth
  6. 6. Frances Moore Lappe <ul><li>Social activist--author of Diet for a Small Planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on socio-economic factors that lead people to have larger families. Socio-economic advances lead to reduced population growth rates--a “demographic transition.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ester Boserup <ul><li>A “cornucopian.” </li></ul><ul><li>Population growth drives technological advances. In turn these advances raise food production and improve economic development. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Julian Simon <ul><li>Conservative economist. </li></ul><ul><li>Population growth can lead to increased productivity--more people to think, work, and support economic growth. </li></ul><ul><li>People are the ultimate resource. </li></ul>
  9. 9. More on Malthus… <ul><li>…could not have foreseen the agricultural, industrial and technological advances that made it possible for population growth to slow and stabilize. </li></ul><ul><li>…was looking at a small, closed system--today’s world is not so simple. </li></ul><ul><li>…did not take migration into account. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Hard-line neo-Malthusians… <ul><li>… still have a doom-and-gloom view of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>… advocate drastic and coercive means to control population </li></ul><ul><li>… lifeboat ethics--“ The drowning poor and the weak should be allowed to die for the sake of the survival of the planet and the survival of the fittest.” </li></ul><ul><li>… reduction or rationing of food and development aid to poor countries and tighter immigration laws. </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×