Ch6 Migration


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  • Ch6 Migration

    1. 1. Chapter 6 “Where and Why People Move”
    2. 2. Migration <ul><li>The long-term relocation of an individual, household, or larger group to a new locale outside the community of origin. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Immigration/Emigration
    4. 4. Internal migration Guatemala
    5. 5. Ravenstein’s Migration Laws 1870’s -1880’s <ul><li>Most migrants go only a short distance. (gravity law) </li></ul><ul><li>Longer-distance migration favors big-city destinations. </li></ul><ul><li>Most migration proceeds step by step. </li></ul><ul><li>Most migration is rural to urban. </li></ul><ul><li>Each migration flow creates a counter-flow. </li></ul><ul><li>Most migrants are adults--families are less likely to make international moves </li></ul><ul><li>Most international migrants are young males. </li></ul>
    6. 6. The Gravity Model and Migration
    7. 7. Catalysts of migration <ul><li>Economic conditions </li></ul>% of World GNP compared to % of World Population
    8. 8. Catalysts of migration <ul><li>Political circumstances </li></ul>Haiti Mariel Boatlift Idi Amin/Uganda
    9. 9. Catalysts of migration <ul><li>Armed conflict and civil war </li></ul>Guatemalans Vietnamese Rwandans Bosnians
    10. 10. Catalysts of migration <ul><li>Environmental conditions </li></ul>Irish Population 1872 The Irish Potato Famine
    11. 11. Catalysts of migration <ul><li>Environmental conditions </li></ul>
    12. 12. Catalysts of migration <ul><li>Environmental conditions </li></ul>
    13. 13. Catalysts of migration <ul><li>Culture and Traditions </li></ul>Pakistan--Post-Partition migration Russian Jews arriving in Israel The Mormon Trek
    14. 14. Catalysts of migration <ul><li>Technological Advances </li></ul>Railroad land grants Homestead Act Poster
    15. 15. Catalysts of migration <ul><li>Technological Advances </li></ul>
    16. 16. Catalysts of migration <ul><li>Technological Advances </li></ul>
    17. 17. Catalysts of migration <ul><li>Flow of information </li></ul>Little Haiti Turkish guest workers Chain migration
    18. 18. Catalysts of migration
    19. 20. Catalysts of migration <ul><li>“ Push” Factors are events or conditions that impel an individual to move from a location. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Pull” Factors are forces of attraction that influence migrants to move to a particular location. </li></ul><ul><li>Most decisions to migrate are a combination of push and pull factors. </li></ul>
    20. 21. <ul><li>Distance decay --most moves are to closer and more familiar locations </li></ul><ul><li>Step migration --an eventual long-distance migration is undertaken in stages--farm to village to small town to city. </li></ul>Catalysts of migration
    21. 22. <ul><li>Intervening opportunity --closer opportunities will reduce the attractiveness of interaction with more distant--even slightly better--alternatives. </li></ul>Catalysts of migration
    22. 23. Voluntary Migration <ul><li>Voluntary migration has an element of choice based on some percieved opportunity. </li></ul>
    23. 24. Forced Migration <ul><li>In forced migration, the element of choice is removed. </li></ul>Trail of Tears Slave Trade
    24. 25. Counter migration <ul><li>… or return migration…is the return of migrants to the regions from which they earlier emigrated. </li></ul><ul><li>Every migration flow generates some counter-migration </li></ul>
    25. 26. Types of Movement Cyclic Movement <ul><li>Activity Space--daily movement such as commuting </li></ul><ul><li>Seasonal movement--snowbirds, agricultural workers </li></ul><ul><li>Pastoral nomadism--a group moves with its livestock in search of forage. This is controlled movement (not random). </li></ul>
    26. 27. Activity Space
    27. 28. Types of Movement Periodic Movement <ul><li>College students </li></ul><ul><li>Military service </li></ul><ul><li>Migrant labor </li></ul><ul><li>Transhumance--winter and summer pasturing </li></ul>
    28. 29. The Migration Process <ul><li>Influence of British colonialism </li></ul>
    29. 30. The Migration Process <ul><li>The Chinese Diaspora </li></ul>
    30. 31. External and Internal Migration <ul><li>Historical pattern of migration to the US </li></ul>
    31. 32. External and Internal Migration <ul><li>Internal migration patterns in the United States </li></ul>
    32. 34. Migration and Dislocation: The Refugee Problem <ul><li>What is a “refugee?” </li></ul><ul><li>International/Intranational Refugees </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent/Temporary Refugees </li></ul>