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Ch23
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Ch23

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  • 1. Urbanization in Less-Developed Countries Chapter 23
  • 2. Issues
    • Rapid population growth in LDCs (peripheral areas of the world)
    • Advances of the 3 rd Agricultural Revolution push people off of the land
    • New international division of labor (global cores and peripheries)
    • Overurbanization—cities are growing more rapidly than their jobs and housing can sustain.
  • 3.  
  • 4. 20 largest cities in 2004
  • 5. Historical perspective
    • Sometimes cities were established where no significant urban settlement existed. The colonial imprint is pervasive.
      • Mumbai (Bombay)
      • Koltata (Calcutta)
      • Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)
      • Hong Kong
      • Jakarta
      • Nairobi
  • 6. Historical perspective
    • Some had colonial functions grafted onto existing settlement. (The colonial imprint is most visible in the center of the city.)
      • Mexico City
      • Shanghai
      • Tunis
      • Delhi
  • 7. Latin American Cities
    • Laws of the Indies
      • Gridiron with rectangular blocks
      • Central plaza with Catholic church, government buildings, and shops
      • Wealthy lived close to the plaza
      • Middle and lower income further out
    San Miguel, Mexico
  • 8. The Latin American City
    • CBD includes a modern self-contained commercial district and a separate traditional mixed market area with street-oriented businesses
  • 9. The Latin American City
    • Commercial spine surrounded by elite residential sector
    • Best urban services and most of the high end locations outside the CBD
    • Suburban shopping center might compete with the downtown
  • 10. The Latin American City
    • Modern suburban industrial park at the end of a railroad or main highway.
  • 11. The Latin American City
    • Zone of maturity surrounding the CBD
      • Middle income
      • Good infrastructure
      • Some gentrification
  • 12. The Latin American City
    • In situ accretion with lower income neighborhoods
    • Homes are often in a state of construction (many homes have half-finished rooms or second stories
  • 13. The Latin American City
    • Peripheral squatter settlements
      • Recent migrants to city
      • Self-built
      • Almost completely without urban services
  • 14. The Latin American City
    • Disamenity sectors along polluted rivers and industrial corridors
  • 15. Southeast Asian Cities
    • Often established by Europeans as gateway cities to facilitate control of Asian trade.
  • 16. Southeast Asian Cities
    • The port zone--the center of economic activity in the colonial era--has retained its importance
  • 17. Southeast Asian Cities
    • Instead of a single CBD, there are separate civic commercial/retail zones
    • --a government zone
    • --a Western Commercial
    • Zone
    • --one or more high density
    • “ alien” commercial zones
    • (often dominated by
    • ethnic Chinese or Indian)
  • 18. Southeast Asian Cities
    • New high-income suburbs have been built to accommodate recent growth
  • 19. Southeast Asian Cities
    • Squatter settlements are found in zones of disamenity throughout the city (along polluted rivers and at the edge of a built-up area)
  • 20. Southeast Asian Cities
    • A peripheral zone of intensive market gardening supplies fresh produce to the city’s markets.
  • 21. Southeast Asian Cities
    • The new industrial estate (probably owned by a multinational corporation) lies on the outskirts of the city.
  • 22. African Cities
    • Central city consists of three CBDs:
    • --Remnant of colonial CBD
    • --informal/periodic market zone
    • --transitional business center
  • 23. African Cities
    • Ethnic neighborhoods radiate in sectors
  • 24. African Cities
    • Mining and manufacturing zones are close by.
  • 25. African Cities
    • Satellite townships or squatter settlements exist in the periphery.
  • 26. The Developing World
    • Squatter settlements are found on the edges of cities.
    Rio favela Durban, South Africa
  • 27. The Developing World
    • Money sent home by immigrants are called remittances.
    • In 2003, immigrants in the US sent $30 billion abroad. (San Francisco Chronicle)
    --29% of Nicaragua’s GDP is from remittances. --Some see remittances as a tool for development.
  • 28. The Developing World
    • Informal economy
    “ Cooking Lady” in Peru Cleaning windshields The Dominican Republic Phone services In Africa Cooking lady in Peru
  • 29.  
  • 30. Lagos

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