Political Culture and the Evolving State Chapter 14
Concept of Territoriality <ul><li>Humans have the need to belong to larger group that controls its own piece of the earth....
<ul><li>Some believe that humans are territorial animals, motivated by the same instinct that affects animals. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Others believe that territoriality is a cultural strategy used to assure control of resources. </li></ul>
 
<ul><li>Protection of home and family. </li></ul>
 
 
 
The ultimate territorial creation is an independent country .  (193 altogether) <ul><li>. </li></ul>
A Nation is a group of people with a common ancestry--regardless of whether the group controls its own territory.
A state is the same thing as a country. <ul><li>These are states (as opposed to States--political divisions within countri...
The term nation-state applies if a nation’s homeland corresponds to a state’s territory .
A stateless nation is a cultural unit that has no country.
A multinational state includes more than one ethnic/cultural group.
The Rise of Nation-States <ul><li>Under feudalism </li></ul><ul><li>--multi-ethnic empires ruled by a monarch </li></ul><u...
The Rise of Nation-States <ul><li>Changes in military technology (guns and cannon) made the feudal manor less defensible. ...
The Rise of Nation States <ul><li>Early 1500s--decline in papal authority with Reformation </li></ul><ul><li>1648-- Peace ...
The ideal of the nation-state <ul><li>Dates from the French Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Sovereignty rests with the nation...
Europe controlled much of the world and defined the ground rules of the emerging international state system. <ul><li>Japan...
Characteristics of states and implications for governance
Size <ul><li>Large--access to natural resources and large population base, but can be difficult to administer.  </li></ul>
Size <ul><li>Small--can be a disadvantage, but it is difficult to generalize.  (W. Africa vs. Singapore) </li></ul>
Shape
<ul><li>Afghanistan is a prorupt state. </li></ul>
 
Relative location can be a blessing or a curse. <ul><li>Can benefit greatly if close to resources, harbor sites, proximity...
Enclaves and Exclaves <ul><li>Exclaves are “outliers.” </li></ul><ul><li>An enclave is an area within a state that belongs...
Boundaries <ul><li>Definition--legal description </li></ul><ul><li>Delimitation--drawn on the map </li></ul><ul><li>Demarc...
 
Definitional boundary disputes <ul><li>focus on legal language </li></ul>
Locational Boundary Disputes <ul><li>focus on delimitation or demarcation of border </li></ul>
Operational Boundary Disputes <ul><li>focus on how the boundary should function </li></ul>
Allocational Boundary Disputes <ul><li>focus on resources. </li></ul>
 
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Ch14

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Ch14

  1. 1. Political Culture and the Evolving State Chapter 14
  2. 2. Concept of Territoriality <ul><li>Humans have the need to belong to larger group that controls its own piece of the earth. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Some believe that humans are territorial animals, motivated by the same instinct that affects animals. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Others believe that territoriality is a cultural strategy used to assure control of resources. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Protection of home and family. </li></ul>
  6. 10. The ultimate territorial creation is an independent country . (193 altogether) <ul><li>. </li></ul>
  7. 11. A Nation is a group of people with a common ancestry--regardless of whether the group controls its own territory.
  8. 12. A state is the same thing as a country. <ul><li>These are states (as opposed to States--political divisions within countries). </li></ul>
  9. 13. The term nation-state applies if a nation’s homeland corresponds to a state’s territory .
  10. 14. A stateless nation is a cultural unit that has no country.
  11. 15. A multinational state includes more than one ethnic/cultural group.
  12. 16. The Rise of Nation-States <ul><li>Under feudalism </li></ul><ul><li>--multi-ethnic empires ruled by a monarch </li></ul><ul><li>--power relationships were hierarchical </li></ul><ul><li>(lords, monarch, pope) </li></ul><ul><li>--boundaries were not fixed </li></ul>
  13. 17. The Rise of Nation-States <ul><li>Changes in military technology (guns and cannon) made the feudal manor less defensible. </li></ul><ul><li>Defense needed to be based on maneuverability--required a territorially larger state. </li></ul>
  14. 18. The Rise of Nation States <ul><li>Early 1500s--decline in papal authority with Reformation </li></ul><ul><li>1648-- Peace of Westphalia (30 Years’ War) </li></ul><ul><li>--ended period of religious wars </li></ul><ul><li>--created a system that depended on a balance of power based on clearly-defined, centrally-controlled, independent entities that recognized each other’s sovereignty and territory. </li></ul>
  15. 19. The ideal of the nation-state <ul><li>Dates from the French Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Sovereignty rests with the nation--the people. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loyalty was to the state, not the monarch. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Each nation should have its own sovereign territory. </li></ul>
  16. 20. Europe controlled much of the world and defined the ground rules of the emerging international state system. <ul><li>Japan remodeled itself in the mid-19th century. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of the colonial period, newly-liberated peoples created “nation-states” on the European model. (With differing degrees of success.) </li></ul>
  17. 21. Characteristics of states and implications for governance
  18. 22. Size <ul><li>Large--access to natural resources and large population base, but can be difficult to administer. </li></ul>
  19. 23. Size <ul><li>Small--can be a disadvantage, but it is difficult to generalize. (W. Africa vs. Singapore) </li></ul>
  20. 24. Shape
  21. 25. <ul><li>Afghanistan is a prorupt state. </li></ul>
  22. 27. Relative location can be a blessing or a curse. <ul><li>Can benefit greatly if close to resources, harbor sites, proximity to friendly nations, accessibility. </li></ul><ul><li>Landlocked countries can face challenges. </li></ul>
  23. 28. Enclaves and Exclaves <ul><li>Exclaves are “outliers.” </li></ul><ul><li>An enclave is an area within a state that belongs to another state. </li></ul>
  24. 29. Boundaries <ul><li>Definition--legal description </li></ul><ul><li>Delimitation--drawn on the map </li></ul><ul><li>Demarcation--physically marked on the ground </li></ul>
  25. 31. Definitional boundary disputes <ul><li>focus on legal language </li></ul>
  26. 32. Locational Boundary Disputes <ul><li>focus on delimitation or demarcation of border </li></ul>
  27. 33. Operational Boundary Disputes <ul><li>focus on how the boundary should function </li></ul>
  28. 34. Allocational Boundary Disputes <ul><li>focus on resources. </li></ul>

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