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    Ch1 Ch1 Presentation Transcript

    • Human Geography
    • Definition of Geography
      • The study of place
      • Why places and people are where they are
      • What their location means in the past, present, and future
      • How their location affects other places
    • Human Geography’s Place
      • Gives a spatial perspective to other disciplines.
    • The “Five Themes”
      • Location
      • Place (Human and Physical Characteristics)
      • Interaction (Human/Environment)
      • Movement
      • Region
    • Location--absolute and relative
    • Human-environment interaction
      • Different culture groups understand, use, and transform their environments in different ways, depending on their world view,level of technology, and resources available.
    • Regions
      • A region displays some degree of uniformity that differentiates it from surrounding territories.
      • The region is the basic unit of study for the geographer.
      • The criteria used to define a region can vary according to the phenomenon being considered.
    • Functional (nodal) regions
      • …are defined by a set of activities or interactions that occur within it.
      Eanes Attendance area map A city and its suburbs
    • Perceptual regions
      • … are perceived to exist by its inhabitants or thegeneral population.
      • … are also known as “vernacular regions” or “popular regions.”
    • Hierarchies of regions
      • Regions exist within a vertical order, and one place can be part of several regions simultaneously.
      Austin Texas The United States World Realms
    • Landscape--also important, but not one of the five themes
      • Landscape is the material character of a place.
      • Aspects of an environment introduced by humans is “built environment.”
    • Spatial Themes National Research Council
      • Focus on integrative themes and implications for research and policy making.
    • Integration in place
      • How do distinctive social, cultural, political, and environmental characteristics of a town or region shape its character as a place?
    • Interdependencies between places
      • Focuses on the nature and significance of patterns and networks that tie places together.
    • Interdependencies among scales
      • What happens at one scale is the result of factors operating at different scales--on a “local-global continuum.”
    • Formal (Uniform) Regions
      • …are areas that have some degree of homogeneity in one or more phenomena.
    • Geographic inquiry-- the “why of where”
    • What does a geographer do?
      • Cartography and remote sensing
      • Location of public facilities
      • Marketing and location of industry
      • Geography and the law
      • Disease ecology
      • Urban and regional planning
      • Issues of economic development
    • Role of maps
      • Maps reflect the spatial aspect of geography. They are the “language” of the geographer.
    • Geographic Information Systems
      • GIS technology uses powerful computer programs to layer several sets of data so that conclusions can be drawn.
    • Remote sensing
      • Satellites take pictures that are used for gathering data to be used for analysis and decision-making.
    • Global Positioning System (GPS)
    • Mental maps (cognitive maps)
      • Our mental maps represent our own image of the world, and vary according to our perspective and life experiences.
    • Environmental perception
      • Where do Californian students prefer to live?
      • --based on the “total impression” they have of a place.
    • All maps are distortions of reality.
      • Large scale maps show smaller areas with greater detail.
      • Small scale maps show larger areas with less detail.
    • Pin dot maps
      • Dr. Snow’s map of Cholera deaths in London
    • Proportional Symbol Map
    • Distribution of the world’s population:
      • Cartograms have a scale based on some statistic other than land area.