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Understanding Type 1 Diabetes
 

Understanding Type 1 Diabetes

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    Understanding Type 1 Diabetes Understanding Type 1 Diabetes Presentation Transcript

    • Understanding Type 1 Diabetes
    • What is Diabetes?
      • A condition in which your body is no longer able to produce insulin and properly absorb sugar (glucose) from the blood.
      • In order to use the sugar in the food that you eat you must take insulin from a needle, pen, or pump.
    • How did I get Diabetes?
      • The exact causes of Type One are not certain.
      • Your immune system mistakenly attacked and destroyed the cells in your pancreas that produce insulin.
    • The Pancreas
      • The organ in your body that produces insulin.
    • Insulin and Carbohydrates Work as a Team.
      • Insulin acts as the key that unlocks your cells allowing glucose to enter.
      • In Type One Diabetes your body no longer makes insulin therefore after eating your blood sugar remains high but you are not receiving any energy
      • Without insulin glucose cannot enter the cell.
    • What are Carbohydrates?
      • Your body’s major source of energy
      • Blood Glucose-the sugar that circulates within your bloodstream that provides energy to your body
      • Starches/bread, fruit, dairy, vegetables
    • Why Count Carbohydrates?
      • They are the nutrients in food that most affect your blood sugar levels.
      • The amount of insulin that you take depends on the amount of carbohydrates that you eat.
    • Identifying Carbohydrates
      • Starches- bread, cereal, rice, pasta, bagels, muffins, etc.
      • Vegetables- Carrots, squash, corn, lettuce, tomatoes, etc
      • Fruit- Melon, berries, oranges, apples, banana, peaches, etc.
      • Dairy- Milk and yogurt
      • Beans- black beans, kidney beans, baked beans, etc.
      • Others- Jelly, honey, pudding, cookies, cakes, etc.
    • Healthy Eating
      • There are no bad foods
      • Moderation
      • Colors
      • Variety
      • Balance
      • Portions
      • Pay attention to how certain foods affect your blood sugar
    • Exercise
      • When you exercise your body’s sensitivity to insulin increases.
      • This means that less insulin is needed to handle the carbohydrates that you consume.
      • Remember to check your blood sugar levels before exercising
      • Keep hydrated!