Understanding Type 1 Diabetes

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Understanding Type 1 Diabetes

  1. 1. Understanding Type 1 Diabetes
  2. 2. What is Diabetes? <ul><li>A condition in which your body is no longer able to produce insulin and properly absorb sugar (glucose) from the blood. </li></ul><ul><li>In order to use the sugar in the food that you eat you must take insulin from a needle, pen, or pump. </li></ul>
  3. 3. How did I get Diabetes? <ul><li>The exact causes of Type One are not certain. </li></ul><ul><li>Your immune system mistakenly attacked and destroyed the cells in your pancreas that produce insulin. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Pancreas <ul><li>The organ in your body that produces insulin. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Insulin and Carbohydrates Work as a Team. <ul><li>Insulin acts as the key that unlocks your cells allowing glucose to enter. </li></ul><ul><li>In Type One Diabetes your body no longer makes insulin therefore after eating your blood sugar remains high but you are not receiving any energy </li></ul><ul><li>Without insulin glucose cannot enter the cell. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What are Carbohydrates? <ul><li>Your body’s major source of energy </li></ul><ul><li>Blood Glucose-the sugar that circulates within your bloodstream that provides energy to your body </li></ul><ul><li>Starches/bread, fruit, dairy, vegetables </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why Count Carbohydrates? <ul><li>They are the nutrients in food that most affect your blood sugar levels. </li></ul><ul><li>The amount of insulin that you take depends on the amount of carbohydrates that you eat. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Identifying Carbohydrates <ul><li>Starches- bread, cereal, rice, pasta, bagels, muffins, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetables- Carrots, squash, corn, lettuce, tomatoes, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Fruit- Melon, berries, oranges, apples, banana, peaches, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Dairy- Milk and yogurt </li></ul><ul><li>Beans- black beans, kidney beans, baked beans, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Others- Jelly, honey, pudding, cookies, cakes, etc. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Healthy Eating <ul><li>There are no bad foods </li></ul><ul><li>Moderation </li></ul><ul><li>Colors </li></ul><ul><li>Variety </li></ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Portions </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to how certain foods affect your blood sugar </li></ul>
  10. 10. Exercise <ul><li>When you exercise your body’s sensitivity to insulin increases. </li></ul><ul><li>This means that less insulin is needed to handle the carbohydrates that you consume. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember to check your blood sugar levels before exercising </li></ul><ul><li>Keep hydrated! </li></ul>

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