<ul><li>1920s  </li></ul><ul><li>Living at a fast pace  </li></ul><ul><li>Move to cities  </li></ul><ul><li>Materialism  <...
 
<ul><li>Speakeasies  </li></ul><ul><li>Work for jazz musicians </li></ul>
<ul><li>Women have the right to vote  </li></ul><ul><li>New Woman – flapper </li></ul>
<ul><li>Listen to someone play </li></ul><ul><li>Vaudeville </li></ul><ul><li>Go to city </li></ul><ul><li>Learned by read...
 
<ul><li>Radio </li></ul><ul><li>Better electronic recordings </li></ul><ul><li>Movies  </li></ul><ul><li>Learned by ear </...
<ul><li>Radio  </li></ul><ul><li>Microphones/amplifiers  </li></ul><ul><li>Electric recording = improved sound  </li></ul>...
<ul><ul><ul><li>KDKA -1920 1 st  commercial station </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NBC 1925 – sense of unity  </li></...
 
<ul><li>New relationship between singer/band </li></ul><ul><li>Singers could now sing with bands </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed...
<ul><li>Improved sound </li></ul>
<ul><li>78s were standard  </li></ul><ul><li>3 minutes  </li></ul><ul><li>Music had to be fashioned to fit  </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Small voiced singer could be heard </li></ul>
 
<ul><li>The Charleston  </li></ul><ul><li>Most popular/enduring dance  </li></ul><ul><li>Syncopation </li></ul><ul><li>htt...
 
<ul><li>2 important developments </li></ul><ul><li>Instruments grouped together – brass/winds/strings </li></ul>
<ul><li>Saxophone – massive sound/broad range = more effective than clarinets </li></ul>
<ul><li>Paul Whiteman – appealed to white audiences </li></ul><ul><li>Jean Goldkette – jazzier – perhaps too hip for the a...
<ul><li>Get the chorus into people’s ears – catchy  </li></ul><ul><li>AABA </li></ul><ul><li>Example : “Sunday” – sandwich...
<ul><li>Merger of song and dance </li></ul><ul><li>Syncopated dance orchestras </li></ul><ul><li>Light voiced singers  </l...
<ul><li>Idea of music as art – developed in 19 th  Cent. </li></ul><ul><li>George Gershwin </li></ul>
<ul><li>Rhapsody – moves freely from section to section </li></ul><ul><li>Stylized re-working of ragtime/jazz/blues/dance ...
 
<ul><li>Elevated jazz to an art </li></ul><ul><li>First great soloist </li></ul><ul><li>Transition from group music to sol...
<ul><li>Composed in 1928 </li></ul><ul><li>Begins with a flourish spanning the entire range of the trumpet </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Chance to organize thoughts and state them in the most appropriate way </li></ul>
Express inspirations and react to situations
 
<ul><li>A song that remains popular well after its initial appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Example: “After You’ve Gone” </li>...
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MUS118 Ch 4

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Outline of Chapter 4 from The Beat Goes On: Popular Music in America

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MUS118 Ch 4

  1. 2. <ul><li>1920s </li></ul><ul><li>Living at a fast pace </li></ul><ul><li>Move to cities </li></ul><ul><li>Materialism </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul>
  2. 4. <ul><li>Speakeasies </li></ul><ul><li>Work for jazz musicians </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Women have the right to vote </li></ul><ul><li>New Woman – flapper </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>Listen to someone play </li></ul><ul><li>Vaudeville </li></ul><ul><li>Go to city </li></ul><ul><li>Learned by reading - sheet music </li></ul><ul><li>Acoustic recordings </li></ul>
  5. 8. <ul><li>Radio </li></ul><ul><li>Better electronic recordings </li></ul><ul><li>Movies </li></ul><ul><li>Learned by ear </li></ul>
  6. 9. <ul><li>Radio </li></ul><ul><li>Microphones/amplifiers </li></ul><ul><li>Electric recording = improved sound </li></ul><ul><li>Amplified live performance – small voiced singer could be heard </li></ul><ul><li>Talking films – The Jazz Singer 1927 </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><ul><ul><li>KDKA -1920 1 st commercial station </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NBC 1925 – sense of unity </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 12. <ul><li>New relationship between singer/band </li></ul><ul><li>Singers could now sing with bands </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed soft vocalists to be heard </li></ul><ul><li>Bing Crosby </li></ul>
  9. 13. <ul><li>Improved sound </li></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>78s were standard </li></ul><ul><li>3 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Music had to be fashioned to fit </li></ul><ul><li>Compromise </li></ul>
  11. 15. <ul><li>Small voiced singer could be heard </li></ul>
  12. 17. <ul><li>The Charleston </li></ul><ul><li>Most popular/enduring dance </li></ul><ul><li>Syncopation </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tyOWM6S1ITA </li></ul>
  13. 19. <ul><li>2 important developments </li></ul><ul><li>Instruments grouped together – brass/winds/strings </li></ul>
  14. 20. <ul><li>Saxophone – massive sound/broad range = more effective than clarinets </li></ul>
  15. 21. <ul><li>Paul Whiteman – appealed to white audiences </li></ul><ul><li>Jean Goldkette – jazzier – perhaps too hip for the audiences </li></ul>
  16. 22. <ul><li>Get the chorus into people’s ears – catchy </li></ul><ul><li>AABA </li></ul><ul><li>Example : “Sunday” – sandwiching a vocal between dance music </li></ul>
  17. 23. <ul><li>Merger of song and dance </li></ul><ul><li>Syncopated dance orchestras </li></ul><ul><li>Light voiced singers </li></ul><ul><li>Foxtrot beat </li></ul><ul><li>New instrumental styles </li></ul><ul><li>Riff-based melodies </li></ul><ul><li>Conversational lyrics </li></ul><ul><li>Chorus oriented form </li></ul>
  18. 24. <ul><li>Idea of music as art – developed in 19 th Cent. </li></ul><ul><li>George Gershwin </li></ul>
  19. 25. <ul><li>Rhapsody – moves freely from section to section </li></ul><ul><li>Stylized re-working of ragtime/jazz/blues/dance music – classical harmonies/virtuosic piano </li></ul><ul><li>The following is a video of Gershwin </li></ul><ul><li> http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tyOWM6S1ITA </li></ul>
  20. 27. <ul><li>Elevated jazz to an art </li></ul><ul><li>First great soloist </li></ul><ul><li>Transition from group music to soloist music </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QU4-zCVL5-8 </li></ul>
  21. 28. <ul><li>Composed in 1928 </li></ul><ul><li>Begins with a flourish spanning the entire range of the trumpet </li></ul><ul><li>Never before in music </li></ul><ul><li>Steady four-beat rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Other horns subordinate </li></ul><ul><li>Scat singing </li></ul><ul><li>Swing – rhythmic play over four-beat rhythm </li></ul>
  22. 29. <ul><li>Chance to organize thoughts and state them in the most appropriate way </li></ul>
  23. 30. Express inspirations and react to situations
  24. 32. <ul><li>A song that remains popular well after its initial appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Example: “After You’ve Gone” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bing Crosby </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sing style was intimate/conversational </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microphone enabled this style – no need to belt out a tune </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of jazz and expression of blues </li></ul></ul>

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